Intro to Medical Science

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RMSTitanic2004
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149646
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Intro to Medical Science
Updated:
2012-04-23 17:45:41
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Medical Science
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Chapters 1,2,3 and 13 NO CHAPTER 16 Multiple Choice
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  1. A (n) ____________ disease has a studden onset and short course.
    a. acute
    b.terminal
    c. chronic
    d. Idiopathic
    a. acute
  2. A skin rash is an example of a ______________.
    a. skin
    b. symptom
    c. laboratory
    d. syndrome
    a. skin
  3. The cause of a disease is known as its ___________.
    a. pathogenis
    b. complication
    c. sequel
    d. etiology
    d. etiology
  4. A steady state maintained within the body is called ___________.
    a. homeostasis
    b. disease
    c. disequilibrium
    d. pathology
    a. homeostasis
  5. The worsening of signs and symptoms is known as __________.
    a. remission
    b.exacerbation
    c. relapse
    d. complication
    b. exacerbatioin
  6. Passive immunity is achieved artificially by injection of ____________.
    a. preformed antibodies
    b. auto antibodies
    c. deactivated viruses and bacteria
    d. toxoids
    e. bacterial toxins
    a. preformed antibodies
  7. Long-lived lymphocytes, which remain dormant until reactivated after an immune response, are the __________.
    a. helper lymphocytes
    b. cytotoxic lymphocytes
    c. suppressor lymphocytes
    d. memory lymphocytes
    e. plasma cells
    d. memory lymphocytes
  8. Defense against antigens via antibodies is called _____________.
    a. humoral immunity
    b.cell-medicated immunity
    c. plasma cells
    d. adhesion
    e. suppression
    a. humoral immunity
  9. Which of the following agens is/are capable of causing an inflammatory response?
    a. allergen
    b. trauma
    c. chemical agents
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  10. Which is a foreign substance that triggers an immune response?
    a. antigen
    b. antibody
    c. antibiotic
    d. adhesion
    a. antigen
  11. Which cells secrete antibodies during the immune response?
    a. T helper
    b. B
    c. plasma
    d. T killer
    c. plasma
  12. The response to poison ivy is an example of which type of hypersensitivity?
    a. I
    b. II
    c. III
    d. IV
    d. IV
  13. Which antibody is produced in excess during an allergic response?
    a. IgE
    b. IgG
    c. IgM
    d. IgA
    A. IgE
  14. The virus of acquired immune defifiency syndrome invades and damages leukocytes, especially targeting the _____________/
    a. B lymphocytes
    b. cytotoxic or CB8 lymphocytes
    c. helper or CD4 lumphocytes
    d. suppressor lumphocytes
    c. helper or CD4 lymphocytes
  15. Which cells are involved in both cellular and humoral reactions during an immune response?
    a. cytotoxic T cells
    b. natural killer cells
    c. plasma cells
    d. helper cells
    d. helper cells
  16. A glycocalyx that is organized and firmly attached to the wall is a _____________.
    a. flagella
    b. pili
    c. capsule
    d. slime layer
    c. capsule
  17. These contain the genetic materal of a bacteria packaged in a tough outer coat.
    a. pili
    b. toxins
    c. endospores
    d. fimbrae
    c. endospores
  18. Small, circular DNA molecules that some bacteria have in addition to the bacterial chromosome are called _________.
    a. pili
    b. endorspores
    c. plasmid
    d. glycocalyx
    c. plasmid
  19. Bacteria reproduce by ____________.
    a. mitosis
    b. meiosis
    c. binary fission
    d. none of the above
    c. binary fission
  20. Single-celled eukaryotic organisms are called ___________.
    a. bacteria
    b. helminthes
    c. viruses
    d. protozoa
    d. protoza
  21. German measles is caused by __________.
    a. Bordetella pertussis
    b. rubeola virus
    c. rubella virus
    d. varicella zoster virus
    c. rubella virus
  22. Whooping cough is caused by ___________.
    a. Bordetella pertussis
    b. rubeola virus
    c. rubella virus
    d. varicella zoster virus
    a. Bordetella pertussis
  23. The protein coat of a virus is its ____________.
    a. nucleus
    b. capsid
    c. core
    d. mycelia
    b. capsid
  24. The most common worm infection in the United States is __________.
    a. Enterobius vermicularis
    b. Lymphatic filariasis
    c. Ascariasis
    d. Shistosomiasis
    a. Enterobius vermicularis
  25. Which of the following is not an example of contact transmission?
    a. kissing
    b. touching
    c. sexual contact
    d. needlestick
    d. needlestick
  26. What is the infective agent for rabies?
    a. bacterium
    b. virus
    c. fungus
    d. tick
    b. virus
  27. Which of the following may cause epilepsy?
    a. a birth trauma
    b. injury to the brain
    c. a penetrating wound
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  28. What functions are controlled b y the brain stem?
    a. sensory function
    b. muscle action
    c. memory
    d. heart rate and breathing
    d. heart rate and breathing
  29. What is called an acute inflammation of the first two meninges of the brain and spinal cord, the pia mater and the arachnoid?
    a. thrombophelbitis
    b. meningitis
    c. prostatis
    d. encephalitis
    b. meningitis
  30. Which of the following is true of polio?
    a. is caused by a virus
    b. affects sensory neurons
    c. is found in most people by the age of 80
    d. was wiped out in 1976
    a. is caused by a virus
  31. Which of the following applies to MS?
    a. occurs in only males
    b. occurs primarily in east European cultures
    c. results from a damaged myelin sheath
    d. strikes adults age 20 or beyond
    c. results from a damaged myelin sheath

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