MedTerm Sec4

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AmieDawn12
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149658
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MedTerm Sec4
Updated:
2012-04-23 19:17:38
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Medical Terminology Whatcom Community College
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Medical Terminology
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  1. a-
    an-
    without, absence of
  2. ep-
    epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  3. hyper-
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  4. intra-
    within
  5. par-
    near, alongside, departure from normal
  6. per-
    through
  7. sub-
    under, beneath, below
  8. abras/o
    to rub away
  9. aden/o
    gland
  10. aut/o
    self
  11. bi/o
    • life
    • word root bi = life
    • bi- prefix = two
  12. carcin/o
    cancer
  13. crypt/o
    hidden
  14. cutane/o
    skin
  15. derm/o
    dermat/o
    skin
  16. elast/o
    change shape
  17. eyrth/o
    erythr/o
    red
  18. fibr/o
    fiber
  19. heter/o
    other
  20. hidr/o
    swet
  21. kerat/o
    hard, horny tissue
  22. lei/o
    smooth
  23. leuk/o
    white
  24. melan/o
    dark, black
  25. myc/o
    fungus
  26. necr/o
    death
  27. onych/o
    nail
  28. pachy/o
    thick
  29. pedicul/o
    body louse
  30. rhytid/o
    wrinkles
  31. sarc/o
    flesh, meat
  32. scler/o
    thick
  33. seb/o
    sebum, oil
  34. trich/o
    hair
  35. xer/o
    dry
  36. -ectoly
    surgical excision, removal
  37. -genic
    pertaining to producing, formation, causing
  38. -ia
    condition of
  39. -ion
    process
  40. -is
    pertaining to
  41. -ite
    condition
  42. -itis
    inflammation
  43. -malacia
    softening
  44. -oma
    abnormal swelling, tumor
  45. -opsy
    view of
  46. -osis
    condition of
  47. -ous
    pertaining to
  48. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  49. -plasty
    surgical repair
  50. -rhea
    excessive discharge
  51. -tome
    cutting instrument
  52. Functions of skin
    • protects against loss of body fluids
    • protects against damage due to physical injury or UV light
    • protects against invasion by microorganisms
    • helps to regulate body temperature by forming insulating blanket around the body
  53. Dermis contains
    • hair
    • hair follicles
    • nails
    • oil glands
    • sweat glands
    • sensory receptors
  54. Cuticle
    eponychium
  55. colla
    glue
  56. cutane
    skin
  57. derm, dermat
    skin
  58. elast
    change shape
  59. kerat
    horn
  60. melan
    black, dark
  61. onych
    nail
  62. seb
    oily fluid
  63. Dermatology
    medical field that specializes in the health and disease of the integumentary system
  64. Abrasion
    skin wound caused by scraping
  65. Abcess
    collection of pus from a localized infection
  66. Alopecia
    loss or lack of scalp hair (baldness)
  67. Cellulite
    local, uneven surface of the skin caused by fat deposition, usually in thighs and buttocks
  68. Cicatrix
    scar
  69. Comedo
    elevated lesion formed from the buildup of sebum and keratin, pimple
  70. Contusion
    injury to the skin causing discoloration and swelling w/o breaking skin surface...bruise
  71. cyst
    closed sac or pouch containing fluid
  72. Diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  73. edema
    swelling caused by accumulation of fluid
  74. erythema
    general term for redness of the skin
  75. fissure
    narrow break or slit in the skin
  76. Furuncle
    localized skin infection originating from a hair follicle
  77. Induration
    formation of local hard areas on the skin
  78. jaundice
    abnormal yellow coloring of the skin also called xanthoderma
  79. keloid
    overgrowth of scar tissue
  80. laceration
    torn or jagged wound
  81. lesion
    change in tissues due to disease or injury
  82. macule
    discolored flat spot, ie freckle
  83. nevus
    circumscribed pigmented area, a mole or birthmark
  84. pallor
    abnormal lack of skin color...paleness
  85. papule
    small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation
  86. petechia
    pinpoint skin hemorrhage; plural form is petechiae
  87. pruritus
    itching
  88. purpura
    purple-red discoloration resulting from hemorrhage into the skin
  89. pustule
    small circumscribed skin elevation that contains pus
  90. ulcer
    eroded lesion of the skin or mucus membrane
  91. urticaria
    skin eruption usually caused by an allergic reaction to foods, infection, or injury, also called hives
  92. Verruca
    small circumscribed elevation caused by a virus; a wart
  93. vesicle
    small elevation of the pidermis that contains fluid; blister
  94. Wheal
    temporary, itchy elevation of the skin, usually with a white center and red perimeter; welt
  95. acne
    inflammatory eruption of the skin caused by bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
  96. actinic keratosis
    precancerous skin condition caused by exposure to sunlight, marked by overgrowths of the outer epidermal layer
  97. albinism
    genetic condition characterized by the lack of or reduction in melanin
  98. basal cell carcinoma
    tumor arising from the epithelium of the epidermis; can spread locally if not treated, but seldom metastasizes
  99. burn
    injury to skin caused by fire, electricity, chemicals, radiation, light, or friction
  100. carbuncle
    skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by stapylococci bacteria
  101. cellulitis
    inflammation of connective tissue caused by infection
  102. decubitus ulcer
    skin sore caused by pressure or immobility while lying down; bed sore
  103. dermatitis
    inflammation of skin
  104. dermatofibroma
    fibrous tumor of the skin
  105. ecchymosis
    purplish patch on the skin caused by leaking blood vessels
  106. Eczema
    inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scaling, sensations of itching and burning
  107. erythroderma
    abnormal redness of skin
  108. gangrene
    tissue death and decay caused by loss or reduction in blood supply
  109. herpes
    skin eruption characterized by clusters of deep blisters that appear periodically; there are many variations, all of which are caused by members of the virus family Herpes simplex
  110. Hidradenitis
    inflammation of sweat gland
  111. hyperhidrosis
    excessive perspiration
  112. impetigo
    contagious skin infection characterized by blisters that later erupt to form yellowish crust
  113. kaposi's sarcoma
    form of skin cancer characterized by formation of purple or brown patches on feet spread by lymphatics; used as a sign of aids
  114. leiodermai
    abnormally smooth skin
  115. leukoderma
    abnormally light-colored skin
  116. melanoma
    malignant skin tumor that arises from melanocytes
  117. necrosis
    disease-related death of tissue
  118. onychocryptosis
    ingrown nail
  119. onychomalacia
    softening of the nails
  120. onychomycosis
    fungal infection of the nails
  121. onychophagia
    abnormal behavior of nail biting or eating
  122. Pachyderma
    abnormal thickening of the skin
  123. paronychia
    infection around the nail
  124. Pediculosis
    infestation of hair and skin with lice
  125. psoriasis
    chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions covered with silvery scales
  126. scabies
    skin eruption caused by female itch mite, which burrows into skin to extract blood; disorder causes mild dermatitis
  127. scleroderma
    thickening of skin caused by swelling and thickening of fibrous connective tissue
  128. seborrhea
    sebaceous gland hyperactivity, resulting in excessive discharge of sebum
  129. squamous cell carcinoma
    skin cancer arising from the epdermis, usually appearing as a firm, red elevation with scales; it grows relatively slowly but is capable of metastasis in its later stages
  130. systemic lupus erythematosus
    chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue affecting the skin and many other organs; its early stages are characterized by red patches on the face and joint pain
  131. tinea
    fungal infection of skin; ringworm
  132. trichomycosis
    fungus on hair surface
  133. vitiligo
    condition in which a loss of pigment-producing cells results in whitsh areas of skin
  134. xeroderma
    abnormally dry skin
  135. biopsy
    surgical removal of tissue for evaluation; bx
  136. debridement
    removal of diseased or dead tissue and foreign matter from a wound
  137. dermabrasion
    removal of skin scars with abrasives
  138. dermatoautoplasty
    surgical repair using patient's skin for a skin graft; autograft
  139. dermatoheteroplasy
    surgical repair using skin from a source other than the patient for a skin graft; allograft
  140. dermatome
    instrument to cut skin
  141. emollient
    agent that softens or smoothes skin
  142. hypodermic
    procedure that involves the subcutaneous area
  143. onychectomy
    excision of a nail
  144. percutaneous
    through the skin
  145. rhytidectomy
    excision of wrinkles
  146. rhytidoplasty
    surgical repair of wrinkles

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