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2012-05-01 15:16:00
American History Final

Review from previous test questions
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  1. Radical Republican from Pennsylvania
    Thaddeus Stevens
  2. Favored a 10-Percent Plan for Reconstruction
    Abraham Lincoln
  3. Liberal Republican's Presidential Candidate
    Horace Greeley
  4. Surrender of the Confederacy
  5. Republicans born in the South
  6. Granted full citizenship to African Americans
    Civil Rights Bill of 1866
  7. Northerners who came to the South during Reconstruction
  8. Outlawed racial discrimination in certain public places
    Civil Rights Act of 1875
  9. Steel industrial giant
    Andrew Carnegie
  10. Oil industrial giant
    John D. Rockefellar
  11. The 1862 ________________ __________ required a homesteader to build a dwelling, grow crops, remain on the land for five years, and submit proof of residency prior to receiving a land title.
    Homestead Act
  12. The near eradication of the ____________ significantly altered Native American ways of life on the Great Plains.
  13. The ________________ Amendment stated that “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude…”
  14. The __________ _________ were laws passed by new southern governments that attempted to regulate the lives of former slaves.
    Black codes
  15. The __________ ____________ plan for Reconstruction required that 50% of a state’s registered voters take an oath of allegiance to the Union.
    Wade-Davis Bill
  16. The ________________ Amendment stated that all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. are citizens of the United States and of the State where they reside
  17. On a single day in April 1889, fifty thousand settlers rushed into _______________ and made land claims, resulting in a two million acre loss of land for Native Americans.
  18. Performance of the ____________ _____________ signaled a Day of Judgment, where all Native Americans, living and dead, would return to earth and whites would vanish.
    Ghost Dance
  19. Because land ownership was crucial to economic success in the South, former slaves and whites loyal to the Union were leased ________ ________ and a ________ by the Freedmen’s Bureau.
    40 acres, mule
  20. The ________________ Amendment stated that “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime…shall exist within the United States.”
  21. ______________, leader of the Apache Native Americans, led raids against white outposts in Arizona for more than a decade before surrendering in Skeleton Canyon.
  22. Mark Twain nicknamed the period of the second industrial revolution in the United states the ___________ _______, a sarcastic name that alluded to the misery that many families, especially new immigrants, faced as they tried to live in industrial cities.
    Gilded Age
  23. ___________ ___________ invented the incandescent lamp in 1879; it burned for more than 13 hours at a time.
    Thomas Edison
  24. The ____________ ____________ Act was designed to encourage small businesses, and attempted to eliminate the massive control monopolies had on the market.
    Sherman Antitrust
  25. On June 25, 1876, a huge contingent of Native American warriors, between 2,000 and 4,000 killed General George Custer and 700 of his troops in a battle known by non-Native peoples as the __________ of __________ _________.
    Battle of Little Bighorn
  26. One of the limitations of Lincoln’s _______________ _______________ was that it did not apply to loyal border slave states that had not seceded.
    Emancipation Proclamation
  27. More men died in the Battle of __________ than in the American Revolution, War of 1812, and Mexican-American War combined (a specific battle).
  28. The American Party, or the _________ ___________, as they were called and called themselves, encouraged nativism, were anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant, and antislavery.
    Know-Nothings Party
  29. More than anything else, ______________ made possible the second industrial revolution in the United States.
  30. Under the _____________ _________ of 1867, Congress divided 11 Confederate States (except for TN, which ratified 14th Amendment), into 5 military districts.
    Reconstruction Act
  31. Fought with the Rough Riders
    Theodore Roosevelt
  32. Labor unrest at a Carnegie steel mill
    Homestead Strike
  33. Separate but equal
    Plessy vs. Ferguson
  34. Founder of the Sierra Club
    John Muir
  35. Hull House
    Jane Addams
  36. Birth control Movement
    Margaret Sanger
  37. Developed moving assembly line
    Henry Ford
  38. Largest citizens' movement of the 19th century
    Farmer's Alliance
  39. 19th century railroad worker's protest
    Pullman Strike
  40. Socialist leader
    Eugene Debs
  41. 1916 campaign: "Peace Without Victory"
    Woodrow Wilson
  42. Limited working hours for women
    Muller v. Oregon
  43. Anti-Imperialist
    Mark Twain
  44. FDR's Secretary of Labor
    Frances Perkins
  45. Would eliminate ALL legal distinctions "on account of sex."
    Equal Rights Amendment
  46. Baseball player turned revivalist preacher
    Billy Sunday
  47. Taught evolution in Tennesse
    John Scopes
  48. October 29,1929
    Black Tuesday
  49. Put young men to work on forestry projects, soil conservation
  50. PResidential advisors, many from Columbia University
    The "Brain Trust"
  51. _______ _______ was the leader of the National Women's Party (NWP).
    Alice Paul
  52. The clearest statement of American war aims and of his vision of a new internatinoal order, President Wilson's plan for the Unitted States' involvement in the First World War was called the _________ _________.
    Fourteen Points
  53. In March 1917, British spies intercepted the _________ _________, a message from the German foreign secretary claling on Mexico to join in a coming war against the United States.
    Zimmerman Telegram
  54. Progressive regormers who advocated for _________ eventually succeeded in getting the 18th amendment passed, officially outlawing the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor.
  55. The mass movement of African Americans from the South to northern cities during and after World War I was called the ________ _________.
    Great Migration
  56. The arrest of antiwar dissenters under the Espionage and Sedition Acts inspired the formation of an organization which became known as the _______ _______ ________ ________ in 1920.
    American Civil Liberties Union
  57. After the stock market crashed, thousands of families who were evicted from their homes, moved into ramshackle shanty towns, nicknamed __________, which sprang up in parks (like Central Park, in New York City) and on abandoned land.
  58. In his speech accepting the Democratic nomination for president in 1932, Roosevelt promised a _____ _______ for the American people.
    New Deal
  59. Immediately upon becoming president, FDR declared a "bank holiday," calling Congress into session to pass the EBA, which stood for the __________ __________ Act, a for-reaching piece of legislation that provided funds to protect threatened institutions.
    Emergency Banking
  60. Symbolized by its iconic blue eagle, the __________ _________ Administration was created to work with groups of business leaders to establish industry codes that set standards for output, prices, and working conditions.
    National Recovery
  61. How were federal troops used in the Pullman strike of 1894?
    To help supress the strikers on behalf of the owners.
  62. Which statement about the South after 1890 is not true?
    a. Whites feared that Southern Democrats would abolish the Jim Crow law.
    b. Populists in some states openly courted black votes.
    c. Poll taxes and literacy tests were used to disenfranchise blacks.
    d. Segregation policies were upheld in court cases like Plessy v. Ferguson.
    e. All of the above
  63. Who was migrating to Kansas during the Kansas exodus?
    African Americans
  64. The Peoples Party
    evolved out of the Farmer's Alliance
  65. The Supreme Court cases that held that the Constitution did not fully apply to the territories acquired by the U.S. during the Spanish-American War were called the
    insular cases.
  66. Maternalist reform
    was supported by both feminists and more traditional women.
  67. The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    brought in its wake increased union organizing among New York City garment workers and much needed safety legislation.
  68. The writer whose work inspired the passae of the Meat Inspection Act was
    Upton Sinclair
  69. When Eugene Debs was sentenced under the Espionage Act, what did he tell the jury?
    That he was not a Communist spy, as he had been accused.
  70. Which statement describes the philosphy of W.E.B. DuBois?
    He believed that the talented tenth of the black community had an obligation to use their education and training to challenge inequality.
  71. Which was not a technology used in World War I?
  72. The National Women's Party
    was part of a new, more militant generation of college-educated activists.
  73. The Epsionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918)
    restricted freedom of speech.
  74. The anti-crusade included
    banning German music, the decline in teaching German language, changing "hamburger" to "liberty sandwich", and changing "Berlin Street" to "Woodrow Street."
  75. Which location was considered the "capital" of black America?
  76. During the 1932 election,
    Franklin Roosevelt called for a balanced government and criticized Hoover for excessive government spending.
  77. The first theing that Roosevelt attended to as president was the
    banking crisis
  78. Which act or organizationk barred commercial banks from becoming involved in the buying and selling of stocks?
    The Glass-Steagall Act
  79. FDR's key advisors in the early days of the New Deal included
    Frances Perkins, Harry Hopkins, and Harold Ickes.
  80. The Civilian Conservation Corps
    put young men to work building state and national parks.