Intro to Medical Science

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RMSTitanic2004
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149676
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Intro to Medical Science
Updated:
2012-04-23 19:40:20
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Chapters 1,2,3 and 13 NO CHAPTER 16
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  1. What is etiology?
    cause of the disease
  2. What is pathology?
    branch of medicine which studies diseases
  3. What is diagnosis?
    the determination of the nature of a disease or illness
  4. What is Idiopathic?
    cause of the disease is unknown- origin
  5. What is prognosis?
    predicted outcome of a disease
  6. What is a sign?
    objective evidence of a disease or illness
  7. What is a symptom?
    indication of a disease perceived by the patient (such as dizziness)
  8. What is edema?
    swelling
  9. What is erythema?
    redness
  10. What is pruritis?
    itching
  11. What helps with the production of the immunce system?
    B cells
  12. Bacteria- the good, the bad, the ugly
    • 3% of bacteria is pathogenic
    • 10% of bacteria is opportunistic
    • 87% of bacteria is "good"
  13. What are two forms of bacteria?
    spherical or round forms which are called "cocci"
  14. Diplococci occur in ____________.
    pairs
  15. Streptococci arranged in ____________.
    chains
  16. Staphlococci occur in __________.
    clusters
  17. Bacilli are forms of what kind of shape?
    rod shaped
  18. A curved or corkscrew shape of bacterium is called a ____________.
    spirilla
  19. Fungi (fungus) are classified as two types of ___________.
    molds and yeast
  20. Ambeus and flagellates are two different groups from ___________.
    protozoa
  21. Do antibodies kill viruses?
    No
  22. DNA can be considered as a cookbook; whereas, RNA is considered to be ____________.
    ingredients
  23. Does HIV care about destroying white T cells.
    yes
  24. HAV (and HEV) is spread via the ___________ route.
    oral/fecal
  25. HBV is a __________ born pathogen.
    blood
  26. Is there a vaccine for HCV?
    No
  27. His experiment was done on an 8 year old boy?
    Edward Jenner
  28. A chronic progressive degenerative disorder of the CNS is ______________.
    Multiple Sclerosis
  29. Protects and insulates axons which conducts electrical impulses and increases the speed of transmission nerve impulses is _____________.
    function of myelin sheath
  30. Helps with motor movement.
    dopamine
  31. A chronic neurological disease and someone that suffers from the lacking of neurotransmitter dopamine is _____________.
    Parkinson's disease
  32. What is the most common type of multiple sclerosis?
    relapsing- 85% is most common
  33. Signs of PD?
    • rigidity
    • tremors
    • bradykinesia - slowness of movement
    • coordination/gait problems
  34. Pia mater and arachnoid mater is the inflammation of ____________.
    meningitis
  35. Does it usually affect older people?
    No
  36. Does it usually affect children and young adults?
    Yes
  37. Meingitis is caused by a virus or bacteria.
    Yes
  38. What are some of the symptoms of meningitis.
    • high fever
    • chills
    • stiff neck
    • severe headache
  39. Bell's Palsy involves the inflammation of what crainal nerve?
    VII (7th)
  40. Herpes I and Herpes II share 50% of each other's DNA?
    Yes
  41. Can Herpes simplex I become a STD?
    Yes
  42. Herpes I or Herpes II sets up shop in the trigeminal nerve.
    Herpes I
  43. Does Herpes II hid in the dorsal sacral nerve?
    Yes

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