Respiratory System

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dm8a
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149688
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Respiratory System
Updated:
2012-04-23 20:33:09
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  1. Delineate the Upper Respitory System
    • A. External Nose
    • B. Internal Nose
    • C. Nasopharynx
    • D. Orophaynx
    • E. Larynx
  2. What is covered by "External Nose"
    (Upper Respiratory)
    Everything Covered by Skin

    • External Nares
    • Hyaline Cartilages
    • Vestibule
    • 2 Nasal Bones
    • Adipose & areolar tissue
    • Philtrum
  3. what is the "Internal Nose"
    (Upper Respiratory)
    • Containes MUCOUS MEMBRANE
    • -Epithelial Tissue (respitory epithelium)
    • cilliated or olfactory epithelium, with neurons nesseled in it
    • -Lamina Propria
    • areolar and capillary filled

    • Nasal Chonchae
    • -superior
    • -middle
    • -inferior

    • Nasal Meatus
    • -run front to back, tube like

    • Internal Nares
    • -mark end of nares, posterior and backend of internal nose

    • Septum
    • -made of the Vomer bone and Perpendicular Plate of the Ethmoid bone
  4. What is the Nasopharynx
    (Upper Respiratory)
    starts at internal nares to soft palate

    • -Pharyngeal Tonsil
    • -Auditory Tube opening
  5. What is the Oropharynx
    (Upper Respiratory)
    Starts at Palatine Tonsils and ends at Epiglottis

    • -Palatine Tonsils (2)
    • -Lingual Tonsil (1)
    • -Epiglottis (elastic cartilage)
  6. What is the Laryngopharynx
    (Upper Respiratory)
    • common passageway for Food and Air
    • Starts at Epiglottis and ends at Larynx
  7. What is the Lower Respiratory System
    • -Larynx
    • -Trachea
    • -Primary Bronchus (1)
    • -Secondary Bronchi (2)
    • -Tertiary Bronchi (10)
    • -Bronchopulmonary Segments (10)
  8. What are the 3 Cartilages of the Lower Respiratory System
    • Epiglottis (elastic)
    • Thyroid Cartilage (Hyaline)
    • Cricoid Cartilage (Hyaline)
  9. What is the Larynx
    It includes three cartilages (epiglottis, thyroid and cricoid)

    • Vestibular/ventricular folds (rima vestibule)
    • ^
    • laryngeal sinus
    • v
    • Vocal folds (rima glottidis)


  10. Name the 4 layers of the Trachea
    • Mucosa
    • -epithelial
    • -lamina propria

    • Submucosa
    • -areolar
    • -exocrine glands

    • Media Tunic
    • -dense irreg CT
    • -Hyaline cartilage
    • -Smooth muscle

    • Advantitia
    • -areolar

  11. What is the organization of the seondary bronchi in the lungs
    • 2 lobes in the Left
    • 3 lobes in the Right
  12. define broncheopulmonary segment
    area serviced by a specific tertiary bronchi
  13. what is the end structure of the lung
    Lobule- elastic cartilage sac aournd terminal bronchiole

    • Terminal Bronchiole
    • -epithelium
    • -basement membrane
    • -smooth muscle

    Respitory Bronchiole

    • Alveolar Ducts
    • -air sacs
    • -no smooth muscle

    • Alveolar Air Sacs
    • -clusters of alveoli
    • -simple squamous, basement membrane

    • Pulmonary Capillary
    • -supplys blood for exchange

  14. what cells are in alveoli
    • Type 1 Alveolar
    • -SQE
    • Type II
    • -surfactant making
    • Macrophages

  15. where is the cardiac notch
    left lung

    • mediastinal surface
    • costal surface
  16. what is the alimentary canal
    one continuous tube

    • mouth
    • pharynx
    • esophogus
    • stomach
    • S/L intestine
    • anus
  17. waht is in the gastrointestinal tract
    • Stomach
    • S/L intestine
  18. waht is the digestive tract as a whole
    • alimentary canal
    • salivary glands
    • liver
    • pancreas
  19. name 4 layers of alimentary canal in abdomen cavity (GI tract)
    • mucosa
    • -simple epithelial columnar
    • -lamina propria
    • -muscularis mucosae

    • submucosa
    • -areolar
    • -submucosal plexus

    • myscularis externa
    • -

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