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Racialized understanding of Africa
- -Hegel seperated North Africa (European Africa) and northeast Africa (land of Nile) and Africa Proper (dark Africa)...
- North Africa- european africa
- Northeast Africa- land of nile
- Africa Proper- dark africa
Hamites in Africa (79)
-seperated from Bantu, the Caucasians who were black in color without being Negroid in race signs of progress were given credit to them
3 Myths- Rwanda
- 1. monarch came from heavenly king, nkuba
- 2. difference between 3 groups: Gatwam Gabuta, Gatutsi
- 3. Kigwa, son of Mkuba, first Rwandan king on earth
.. Myths in Rwanda show no difference between Hutu and Tutsi. Therefore, idea of Tutsi as superior from elsewhere, and racial difference was of colonial origin.
- -Goes back to biblical story
- -Ham saw his father drunk and naked
- -Hams brothers looked away but Ham did not so Canaan was cursed
- -Bible doesnt day anything about ham being black, but later the idea that Black Africa descended from ham (81) was used to justify slavery and other forms of exploitation.
- -Slavery increased and hamitic myth allowed Europeans to justify seperation Negroes form themselves, dehumanizing them and using them for slavery and labor
- -Hamites were considered by various Europeans, such as scholar of Pope as Caucasians under black skin
- -These groups included Egyptians, Nubians, and Ethiopians, who were considered to be the Caucasian Africans
- -Hamitic myth went through various evolutions (85)- Caucasian hierarchy included Hamites at the bottomm but they were also considered highest of African hierarchy
- - Were not just given different physical characteristics, eventually they were given other qualities: language and cultural identity.
- - The assertion that race and language were bound together meant that Hamites were considered speakers of Hamitic language.
- - They were grouped together to share a single language, culture, way of life (pastoralists)
- - They were considered great civilizers of Africa
- - Ther were considered part of Caucasians and Tutsis were considered to be one of the Hamitic groups.
- ** Only in Rwanda did the idea that the Tutsi was a racialized monority become institutionalized. Racial ideologies were propogated by the Catholic Church and colonial state.