Pathology

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Author:
jaytee
ID:
149754
Filename:
Pathology
Updated:
2012-04-24 04:10:05
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ch1
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Description:
Introduction to General Oral Pathology
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  1. Pathology is defined as the study of ___________.
    A. health
    B. mortality
    C. disease
    D. bacteria
    disease
  2. Disease includes any instance in which there is a change or alteration in _______________ or balance within the systems of the body.
    homeostasis
  3. A __________ is a wound or a distinct area in which a pathologic change has taken place. Findings can be suggestive of oral or pharyngeal cancer or of many systemic conditions that may manifest in the oral cavity.
    lesion
  4. The ____________ component of the examination should include a general assessment of the patient, an assessment of all visible areas of skin, and an assessment of the head and neck.
    - examine physically, look for abnormalities.
    -look first, then palpate, press the tissue between fingers or against a firm structure such as bone in every area examined, even if there are no visible signs of abnormalities.
    extraoral
  5. when palpating for lymph nodes, findings should be noted are ___________ or hardenin, tenderness, mobility or movability, and, if abnormal, whether one or more nodes are involved.
    induration
  6. Another term that is used to describe enlarged, indurated, and sometines tender lymph nodes is ______________.
    lymphadenopathy
  7. ________________examination is anything near the oral cavity and inside the oral cavity. For instance, lips, and buccal mucosa.
    - common place to start is the oropharynx, next maxillary tuberosity on so on so forth.
    - look for any abnormalities like color change, texture change.
    intraoral
  8. When recording the description of an abnormality there must be enough detail presented to provide another professional the patient may need to see with enough information to decide whethere the abnormality is resolving or becoming worse. True or False
    True
  9. Some findings will be indicative of very aggressive, __________ or cancerous conditions.
    mlignant
  10. Some findings will indicate relatively _________ or noncancerous and less aggressive conditions.
    beign
  11. __________, or found in one area only. The term "focal" can also be used.
    A. Localized
    B. Generalized
    Localized
  12. __________, or located in most of the tissues in one area. The term "diffuse" is also used sometimes.
    A. Localized
    B. Generalized
    Generalized
  13. If there are multiple lesions, are they distinct and separate or are they ____________ or growing together and becoming one large lesion.
    A.Localized
    B.Generalized
    C.Coalescing
    coalescing
  14. Margins define the extent of the lesion and are either "well defined" or _____________ or "ill-defined" and vague. Ill-defined margins are difficult to determine, and the dental hygienist may not be sure where the lesion ends and where normal tissue begins.
    A.Localized
    B.Generalized
    C.Coalescing
    D.Circumscribed
    circumscribed
  15. Well defined margins may be "regular". True or False
    True
  16. A flat lesion that is differentiated from the surrounding tissue by color alone is called a _________.
    A. vesicle
    B. bulla
    C. tumor
    D. macule
    macule (hint: color alone, MAC makeup) also, if it is more than 1 cm it is considered to be a PATCH.
  17. An elevated lesion may be a ________ if it is 1 cm or less and is filled with a clear fluid. If it is larger than 1cm, it would be called a BULLA.


    A. patch
    B. macule
    C. bulla
    D. vesicle
    vesicle
  18. A ________ is a raised lesion that is filled with pus or purulent exudate.

    A.patch
    B.macule
    C.pustule
    D.bulla
    pustule (hint: filled with pus, hence PUS-stule)
  19. A raised lesion with no fluid inside is called a ___________if it is less than 5 mm in diameter; a slightly larger, less than 2 -cm raised lesion is called _________, and anything larger than that is called a _________.
    A.patch,macule,tumor
    B.tumor,papule,nodule
    C.papule,nodule,tumor
    D.tumor,nodule,papule
    papule,nodule,tumor (hint: no fluid)
  20. If the area is broad, slightly raised, has a flat top, and looks pasted on, it is called a __________.
    A.plaque
    B.patch
    C.macule
    d.papule
    plaque
  21. A growth can be attached to the surrounding tissues by a broad or ________base, or stalk, ____________.
    A.sessile,pedunculated
    B.pedunculated, sessile
    C.patch,macule
    D.macule,patch
    sessile, pedunculated pg13
  22. Depressed lesions can either be _________,which extend through the epithelium into the dermis, or ________, which do not extend through the epithelium. Erosions can also be called abrasions.
    ulcers, erosions
  23. Two other terms are used to describe the general direction of growth of a lesion. Exophytic lesions grow outward from the surface of the tissue, and endophytic lesions grow into the surrounding tissues and present as palable masses with or without any noticeable swelling. True or false
    True. pg13

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