The presentation of self in every day life. How we present our self to others
The process by which people attempt to present a favorable public image.
Permanent identity spoilage, a deeply discrediting charactoristic
Study of social life as a theater.
Image being projected or attempted.
People who observe our behavior
Communication with others.
Object used to present image.
Dramaturgy: Front stage
Where appropriate apearance is maintained.
Dramaturgy: Back stage
Area of social interaction away from the view of an audience, where people can rehearse and rehash their behavior.
Set of individuals in staging a performance that leads an audience to form an impression of one or all team members.
Impression Mismanagement: Disclaimer
Assertion designed to forstall any complaints or negative reactions to a behavior or statment that is about to occure.
Impression Mismanagement: Embarrassment
Spontaneous feeling experienced when the identity someone is presenting is suddenly and unexpectedly discredited in front of others.
Impression Mismanagement: Aligning action
Action taken to restore an identity that has been damaged.
Large hierarchial organization governed by formal rules and regulations and having clearly specified work tasks.
Subdivision of low-level jobs into small, highly specific tasks requiring less skilled employees.
Division of labor
Specialization of different people or groups in different tasks, characteristic of most bureaucracies.
Tendency for people to refrain from contributing to the common good when a resourse available without any personal cost or contribution.
Hierachy of authority
Ranking of people or tasks in a bureaucracy from those at the top, where there is a great deal of powere and authority, to those at the bottom, where there is very little power and authority.
Process by which the charactoristics and principles of the fast food restaurant come to dominate other areas of social life.
Company that has manufacturing, production and marketing devisions in multiple countries.
System of athority in which many people are rulled by a priviledgedfew.
Potential for a society's long-term ruin because of individuals' tendency to persue their own short-term interest.
Framework of society-social institutions, organizations groups, statuses and roles, cultural beliefs, and institutionalized norms- that adds order and predictability to our private lives.
Tragedy of the commons
Situation in which people acting individually and in their own self-interest use up commonly availabe (but liminted) resources, creating disaster for the entire community.
Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a reasonably healthy existence.
Possesion of some status or quality that compels others to obey one's directives or commands.
Stratification system based on heredity, with little movement allowed across strata
Process of expanding economic markets by invading and establishing control over a weaker country and its people.
Cultural belief that those who suceed in society are those who work hardest and have the best abilities and that those who suffer don't work hard enough or lack the necessary traits or abilities.
Belief that poor people, resigned to their position in society, develope a unique value structure to deal with their lack of success.
Estate system (Feudal system)
Stratification system in which high-status groups own land and have power based on noble birth.
Situation in which people in the lower classes come to accept a belief system that harms them; the primary means by which powerful classes in society prevent protest and revolution.
means of production
Land, commercial enterprises, factories, and wealth that form the economic basis of class societies.
In a society straified by social class, a group of people who have an intermediate level of wealth, income, and prestige, such as managers, supervisors, executives, small business owners, and proffesionals.
near-poor / working poor
Individuals of families whose earnings are between 100% and 125% of the poverty line.
in a society stratified by social class, a group of people who work for minimum wage or are chronically unimployed.
Amount of yearly income a family requires to meet its basic needs, acording to the federal government.
Percentage of people whose income falls below the poverty line.
Ability to affect decisions in ways that benefit a person or protect his or her interests.
Respect and honor given to some people in society.
Individuals' economic position compared with the living standards of the majority in society.
Economic form of inequality in which some people are legaly the property of others.
Group of people who share a similar economic position in a society, based on their wealth and income.
Movement of people or groups from one class to another.
Prestige, honor, respect, and lifestyle associalted with different positions or groups in society
Ranking system for groups of people that perpetuates unequal rewards and life chances in society.
In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who have high income and prestige and who own vast amounts of property and other forms of wealth, such as owners of large corporations, top financiers, rich celebrities and polititions and members of prestigious families.
In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who have a loww level of wealth, wealth income and pretige ie. office workers and clerks and laborers.
Employed people who consistently earn wages but do not make enough to survive.
Program designed to seek out membors of minority groups for positions from which they had prevoiusly been excluded, thereby seeking to overcome institutional racism.
Skin color prejudice within an ethnoracial proup, most notably between light skinned and dark skinned blacks.
Unfair treatment of people based on some social characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, or sex
Sence of communuty derived from the cultural heritage shared by a category of people within commmon ancestry.
Laws, customs, and practices that systematicaly reflect and produce racial and ethnic inequalities in a society, whether or not these individuals maintaining these laws, customs, and practices have racial intention.
general terms applied to diverse subgroups that are asumed to have something in common.
Individual expression of racist attitudes or behaviors.
Rigidly held, unfavorableattitudes, beliefs, and feelings about members of a different group based on a social characteristic such as race, ethnicity, or gender.
Form of racism expressed subtly and indirectly through feelings of discomfort, uneasiness, and fear, which motivate avoidence rather that blatant dicrimination.
category of people labeled and treated as similar because of allegidly common biological traits, such as skin color, texture of hair, and shape of eyes.
tendency for the race of a socoeties majority to be so obvious, normative, and unremarkable that it becomes invisible.
Belief that humans are subdevided into distinct groups that are different in their social behavior and innate capacities and that can be ranked as superior or inferior.
Overgeneralized belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of some identifiable group.
Subordination of woman that is part of the everyday workings of economics, law, politics, and other social institutions.
female-dominated society that gives higher gives higher prestige and value to woman than to men.
Practice of treating people as objects.
Male-dominated society in which cultural beliefs and values give higher prestige and value to men than to woman.
Principal that woman and men who perform jobs that are of equal value to society and that require equal training ought to be paid equally.
System of belief that aserts that the inferiority of one sex and justifies gender-based inequality