HIST1110-13

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MacBoxRocks
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149884
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HIST1110-13
Updated:
2012-04-24 18:52:55
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World History FInal HIST1110 13
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History FInal
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  1. The "Great Dying" was the mass depopulation of _________________.
    Native Americans
  2. Native American populations were reduced by as much as ___________ percent by European and African diseases within a century of Columbus's first voyage.
    90
  3. Native Americans were so susceptible to common Eurasian diseases because they had no _______________ for those illnesses.
    acquired immunities
  4. The Columbian Exchange led to immense population growth in Europe by introducing calorie-rich _____________ as crops from the Americas.
    corn and potatoes
  5. Spanish colonists born in the Americas (as opposed to having been born in Spain) were called _______________.
    creoles
  6. The British, French, Dutch, and Portuguese empires focused on the production of _____________ in their colonies in Brazil and the Caribbean.
    sugar
  7. Free blacks and mulattoes had far greater opportunities in ____________ than elsewhere in the Americas.
    Brazil
  8. By 1825, almost 70 percent of Brazil's population was either partially or completely of ____________ descent.
    African
  9. By the time of the American Revolution, ________ percent of the population of the British colonies in North America were Europeans.
    90
  10. The Russian Empire replaced the __________ Empire that had once dominated large swaths of Asia.
    Mongol
  11. The Russian Empire, to this day, is a primarily ____________ social and political system.
    European and Asian
  12. The Qing dynasty expanded the Chinese Empire into _____________.
    Central Asia
  13. The Qing rulers themselves were from ____________, north of the Great Wall.
    Manchuria
  14. The Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689) fixed the border between the ____________________ empires, thus avoiding war.
    Chinese and Russian
  15. The Central Asian warriors who conquered India in the sixteenth century were called the _____________.
    Mughals
  16. Emperor Akbar's policy of religious toleration toward non-Muslims in India was reversed by the emperor ____________.
    Aurangzeb
  17. The Ottoman Empire was heir to the __________ Empire.
    Byzantine
  18. The elite military and administrative units of the Ottoman Empire were called the ____________.
    Janissaries
  19. In 1529 and again in 1683 the Ottoman Empire besieged the central European capital of ____________.
    Vienna
  20. Jews fleeing persecution in Spain found safe refuge in _____________.
    the Ottoman Empire
  21. Martin Luther believed that ___________ alone would bring salvation.
    faith
  22. The ideas of the Reformation spread quickly thanks to the invention of _____________.
    the printing press
  23. The Reformation caused serious violence in France between the Catholic majority and the Protestant ______________ minority.
    Huguenot
  24. The ___________ War was the devastating culmination of Protestant-Catholic violence.
    Thirty Years'
  25. In response to the Protestant breakaway, the Catholic Church reaffirmed and reformed its doctrines and practices through the ____________.
    Counter-Reformation
  26. The Spanish and Portuguese saw their expansion of Christianity to their colonies as part of a tradition of ____________.
    crusading
  27. ____________ were deities who, many Andean peoples believed, would fight back against Christianity and Spanish rule.
    Huacas
  28. Jesuit missionaries in China tried to point out parallels between Christianity and ______________.
    Confucianism
  29. ______________ means the blending of two or more religions, usually the blending of a dominant religion such as Christianity and native religions involving magic, spirits, sacrifices, and other rituals.
    Syncretism
  30. Abd al-Wahhab called for the elimination of all ___________ from the faith of Islam.
    idolatry
  31. Confucianism enriched by insights from Buddhism and Daoism was called ____________.
    Neo-Confucianism
  32. Kaozheng was a Chinese movement that was intended to "seek truth from __________."
    facts
  33. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, said, "There is no Hindu; there is no Muslim; only ________."
    God
  34. The most important institutions in creating Europe's Scientific Revolution were its __________.
    universities
  35. Copernicus's "discovery" of a sun-centered universe almost certainly drew from discoveries made 200 to 300 years earlier in present-day _________.
    Iran
  36. In the view of Johannes Kepler, the universe was not so much like a "divine animated being" but more like a ___________.
    clock
  37. The Scottish professor Adam Smith formulated a set of laws that govern the operation of ___________.
    the economy
  38. Voltaire, like many other Enlightenment thinkers, was a proponent of __________.
    deism
  39. The central theme of the Enlightenment was the idea of _________.
    progress
  40. Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud, all inspired by the Enlightenment, cast doubt upon the core Enlightenment idea of human __________.
    rationality

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