Neo-Analytic and Ego Aspects of Personality

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Neo-Analytic and Ego Aspects of Personality
2012-04-24 18:48:30

Exam 2
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  1. This man left Freud's Vienna Psychoanalytic Society and created his own Society for Free Psychoanalysis. Their falling out was due to human motivation.
    Alfred Adler
  2. Adler differed from Freud in that...
    Freud believed the Id (pleasure principle) to be the prime motivator, while Adler believed motivation to be much more complex.
  3. The third stage in the evolution of Adler's theory, this states that everyone is born with a physical weakness. At some point, disease and incapacity is likely to take place. However, the body attempts to make up for the deficiency in another area.
    Organ inferiority
  4. The second stage added to Adler's evolution in theory, which states that individuals are driven to lash out against the inability to achieve or master something, as a reaction to perceived helplessness.
    Aggression Drive
  5. The third stage added to Adler's evolution of theory, this stated that an individual's attempt to be competent and independent rather than merely an outgrowth of his/her parents.
    Masculine Protest (occurs in both boys and girls)
  6. Adler believed that a central core of personality was...
    Striving for superiority
  7. An individual's exaggerated feelings of personal incompetence that result from an overwhelming sense of helplessness or some expeiernce that leaves him or her powerless.
    Inferiority complex
  8. An exaggerated arrogance that an individual develops in order to overcome an inferiority complex.
    Superiority complex
  9. An Adlerian concept, this is an individual's attempt to reach fictional goals by eliminating his/her perceied flaws.
    Perfection Striving
  10. Strivings for self-improvement that vary from person to person, but that reflect an individual's own view of perfection. (Imagined future achievement)
    Fictional goals
  11. Choosing and purusuing a career that makes one feel worthwhile.
    Occupational tasks
  12. Creating friendships and social networks.
    Societal tasks
  13. Finding a suitable life-partner.
    Love tasks
  14. Adler's three fundamental social issues:
    Occupational, societal and love tasks.
  15. Who came up with the idea of birth order?
  16. According to Adler, if a person is nurturing, protective of others, a good organizer, but also highly anxious, has exaggerated feelings of power, has unconscious hostility, fights for acceptance, must always be right, and is highly critical, this person was most likely a...
    First born
  17. According to Adler, if a person is highly motivated, cooperative, moderately competitive, but can also be highly competitive and easily discouraged, they are likely a....
    Second born
  18. According to Adler, if a person is realistically ambitious, yet also has a pampered style of life, is dependent on others, and wants to excel at everything, they are most likely a...
    Last born
  19. According to Adler, if a person is socially mature, but can also have exaggerated feelings of superiority, low feelings of cooperation, inflated sense of self and a pampered style of life, they are most likely a...
    Only child
  20. The 1996 book Born to Rebel said that revolutions in science, religion, politics, or social movement are usually driven by...
    Later born children. While older children are high achievers, they may be lessl iekly to support revolutionary viewpoints.
  21. Adler's personality type that is connected with low social interest, high activity, and Yellow Bile.
  22. Adler's personality typology that deals with low social interest, low activity, and Greek Humor Phlegm.
  23. This Adler Personality typology deals with very low social interest, low activity, and Greek Humor of Black Bile.
  24. This Adler Personality Typology deals with high social interest, high activity, and Greek Humor Blood.
    Socially Useful
  25. This person rejected Penis Envy
    Karen Horney
  26. This person argued that society was more to blame for women's feelings of inferiority, and that envy came from that of masculine freedoms and privileges.
  27. Horney came up with this idea, a child's fear of being alone, helpless, and insecure that arises from problems with one's parents.
    Basic anxiety
  28. One of Horney's adaptive styles, in which a person is compliant and conforms to what is expected.
    Passive Style
  29. One of Horneys adaptive style in which a person fights against others, such as parents and society.
    Aggressive style
  30. One of Horneys Adaptive Styles, in which a person disengages emotionally, as if they don't care.
    Withdrawn style
  31. The inner core of personality that we perceive about ourselves, including our potential for self-realization.
    Real Self
  32. The part of personality consisting of perceptions of our inferiority and shortcomings, often based on others' negative evaluations.
    Despised Self
  33. The self that we view as perfection and hope to achieve, as molded by perceived inadequacies.
    Ideal Self
  34. For Horney, the goal of psychoanalysis was to enable the person to...
    Accept his or her Real Self.
  35. Came up with the ideas of Real Self, Despised Self, and Ideal Self.
  36. Came up with the idea of Neurotic Coping Strategies
  37. A neurotic coping strategy in which one is always attempting ot make other people happy; trying to gain love and approval.
    Moving Toward
  38. A neurotic coping strategy in which one strives for power, recognition, and admiration of others.
    Moving Against
  39. A neurotic coping strategu in which there is a withdrawal of any emotional investment from interpersonal relationships in an effort to avoid being hurt in those relationships.
    Moving Away
  40. A strategy or pattern of interaction that becomes the predominant mode by which a neurotic individual defends against anxiety.
    Neurotic Trend
  41. A need that is a dominant focus of a neurotic individual
    Neurotic Need
  42. Moving Towards shows two Neurotic Needs. What are they?
    • 1. Affection and approval.
    • 2. A domineering partner.
  43. Moving Against incorporates five neurotic needs. What are they?
    • 1. Power
    • 2. Exploitation
    • 3. Recognition and Prestige
    • 4. Admiration
    • 5. Ambition and achievement
  44. Moving Away incorporates three neurotic needs. What are they?
    • 1. Self-sufficiency
    • 2. Perfection
    • 3. Narrow limits
  45. Erikson argued that this is a lifelong process, unlike Freud who said that it is fixed in childhood.
    Identity Formation
  46. What Ego Skill is gained and at what age does Trust vs. Mistrust take place?
    Hope; Infancy
  47. What Ego Skill is gained and at what age does Initiative vs. Guilt take place?
    Purpose; Early-mid childhood
  48. What ego skill is gained and at what age does autonomy vs. shame and doubt occur?
    Will; early childhood
  49. What skill is gained and at what age does Industry vs. Inferiority occur?
    Competence; Mid to late childhood
  50. What ego skill is gained and at what age does Identity vs. Role Confusion occur?
    Loyalty; Teenage years
  51. What ego skill is gained and at what age does Intimacy vs. Isolation occur?
    Love; early adulthood
  52. What ego skill is gained and at what age does Generativity vs. Stagnation occur?
    Caring; Middle adulthood
  53. What ego skill is gained and at what age does Ego Integrity vs. Despair occur?
    Wisdom; Late adulthood
  54. Erikson emphasized what type of outcome as optimal for each of the eigh ego crises?