OB/GYN Basic Definitions

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Author:
Romaicardo
ID:
149909
Filename:
OB/GYN Basic Definitions
Updated:
2012-04-24 20:48:50
Tags:
OB GYN
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Description:
Definition and terms used in the specialty
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  1. What is Metrorrhagia?
    Uterine bleeding at irregular intervals, particularly between the expectedmenstrual periods - also known as breakthrough bleeding or spotting.
  2. What is Menorrhagia?
    • An abnormally heavy and/or prolonged menstrual period at regular intervals. A blood loss of > 80 ml or lasting longer than 7 days constitutes menorrhagia (also called hypermenorrhea)
    • - Some authors use menorrhagia exclusively when describing excessive quantity and hypermenorrhea for prolonged duration (although most use both terms interchangeably in the clinical setting).
  3. What is Menometrorrhagia?
    A condition in which prolonged or excessive uterine bleeding occurs irregularly and more frequently than normal.
  4. What is Eumenorrhea?
    Normal, regular menstruation that lasts for a few days (usually 3 to 5 days, but anywhere from 2 to 7 days is considered normal).
  5. What is the average blood loss during menstruation?
    The average blood loss during menstruation is 35 milliliters with 10–80 ml considered normal.
  6. What are the categories used to separate the menstrual cycle into phases?
    • The Changes ocurring in the UTERUS:
    • Menstruation, Proliferative, Secretory Phases.

    • The Changes occurring in the Ovary:
    • Follicular, Ovulation, Luteal Phases.
  7. Which phase of the menstrual cycle(Ovary Phases) is fairly consistent in length from cycle to cycle?
    For an individual woman, the follicular phase often varies in length from cycle to cycle; by contrast, the length of her luteal phase will be fairly consistent from cycle to cycle.
  8. True or False
    The length of a woman's menstrual cycle will typically vary, with some shorter cycles and some longer cycles.
    True
  9. What is a regular menstrual cycle?
    A woman who experiences variations of less than eight days between her longest cycles and shortest cycles is considered to have regular menstrual cycles.

    It is unusual for a woman to experience cycle length variations of less than four days.
  10. What is the most fertile period of the menstrual cycle?
    The most fertile period (the time with the highest likelihood of pregnancy resulting from sexual intercourse) covers the time from some 5 days before until 1–2 days after ovulation.
  11. What is fertility awareness?
    A set of practices used to determine the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle. Fertility awareness methods may be used to avoid pregnancy, to achieve pregnancy, or as a way to monitor gynecological health.

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