Behaviorist and Learning Theories

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Anonymous
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Behaviorist and Learning Theories
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2012-04-24 22:50:03
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Exam 2
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  1. These people reject ideas of internal traits, tendencies, defenses and motivations. They consider individuals to be completely controlled by their environment.
    Behaviorists
  2. Repeated pairing of an unconditioned stimulus that elicits and unconditioned response with a neutral stimulus.
    Classical conditioning
  3. Conditioned responses can occur in response to stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus.
    Generalization
  4. Learning to tell the difference between different stimuli, responding only to the conditioned stimulus and not the similar stimuli.
    Discrimination
  5. A neutral stimuli associated with positive experiences becomes what?
    Likes. Such as a student associated drinking at parties with having pleasant, sociable time with friends.
  6. Neutral stimuli associated with negative experience become what?
    Dislikes, or worse, phobias. Such as when a college student is sexually assaulted at a party, he might develop fears regarding social events that involve alcohol.
  7. The process by which the frequency of the organism's producing a response gradually decreased when the response is no longer followed by enforcement.
    Extinction
  8. How did Pavlov get neurotic behavior from his dogs?
    Pairing their food presenation with a circle, and not an ellipse. And then, slowly, he made the shape look more and more like an ellipse.
  9. People develop this when they cannot make accurate judments in the environment, such as when children have alcoholic parents.
    Neurosis
  10. Who rejected introspection and emphasized observable behavior, or behaviorism?
    Watson
  11. Watson helped condition who to fear rats?
    Little Albert
  12. Little Albert made a what, from rats to other furry objects.
    Generalization
  13. Gradually extinguishing a phobia causing the feared stimulus to become dissociated from the fear response.
    Systematic desensitization
  14. Two very common and effective types of anxiety treatment for phobia, PTSD, and other types of anxiety.
    Systematic desensitization or exposure therapy.
  15. An event that strengthens a behavior and increases the likelihood of repeating the behavior in the future.
    Reinforcement
  16. Who came up with a radical behaviorism and determinism?
    Skinner
  17. All behavior is determined and not free will. All behavior is caused by environmental conditions.
    Radical determism
  18. Changing of behavior by manipulating its consequences.
    Operant conditioning
  19. Who believed that personality was simply a group of responses to the environment?
    Skinner
  20. If the preceding response increases after the consequence occurs, it is a ______________
    reinforcement
  21. If the preceding response decreases after the consequence occurs, it is a ________________
    punishment
  22. Reinforcement by adding a stimulus
    Positive
  23. Reinforcement by removing a stimulus
    Negative reinforcement
  24. When reinforcement occurs each time...
    Continual reinforcement
  25. When reinforcement occurs only part of the time...
    Partial Reinforcement
  26. A commonly used treatment for depression.
    Behavioral Activation Treatment

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