Hardware Support Ch13-15 Vocab

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Hardware Support Ch13-15 Vocab
2012-04-25 02:15:45

hardware support
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  1. The WindowsXP process that allows you to restore an entire hard drive volume or logical drive to its state a tthe time the backup of the volume was made.
    Automated System Recovery (ASR)
  2. A text file containing a series of OS commands.
    batch file
  3. A Windows utility that searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers data from them if possible.
  4. A Vista utility that can make a backup of the entire volume on which Vista is installed and can also back up other volumes.
    Complete PC Backup
  5. Windows program and command to defragment a volume.
    Defrag (Defrag.exe)
  6. A way to partition one or more hard drives, in which information about the drive is stored in a database at the end of the drive.
    dynamic disks
  7. A volume type used with dynamic disks by which you can create a single volume that uses space on multiple hard drives.
    dynamic volume
  8. A file that has been written to different portions of the disk so that it is not in contiguous clusters.
    fragmented file
  9. A folder that is used as a shortcut to space on another volume which effectively increases the size of the folder to the size of the other volume.
    mount point
  10. A volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space.
    mounted drive
  11. The Windows 2000/XP/Vista swap file.
  12. A snap shot of the Windows XP/Vista system, usually made before installation of new hardware or applications.
    restore point
  13. A Windows XP/Vista utility used to restore the system to a restore point.
    System Restore
  14. In Windows 2000/XP, files that are necessary for a successful load of the operating system.
    system state data
  15. The group of folders and subfolders in the C:\Users folder that belong to a specific user account.
    user profile namespace
  16. A method whereby the OS uses thehard drive as though it were RAM
    virtual memory
  17. A*or ? character used in a command line that represents a character or group of characters in a filename or extension.
  18. A window that consolidates several Windows utilities called snap-ins.
    Computer Management (Compmgmt.msc)
  19. A window in which one or more Windowsutility programs have been installed. The windowis created using Microsoft Management Console,and installed utilities are called snap-ins
  20. A utility within the Reliability and Performance Monitor that is used to collect your own data about a system.
    Data Collector Sets
  21. A Windows tool useful for troubleshooting problems with Windows, applications, and hardware. It displays logs of significant events such as a hardware or network failure, OS failure, OS error messages, a device or service that has failed to start, or General Protection Faults.
    Event Viewer (Eventvwr.msc)
  22. A Windows registry key that stores information to determine which application is opened when the user double-clicks a file.
  23. A Windows registry key that contains Plug and Play information about the hardware configuration that is used by the computer at startup.
  24. A Windows registry key that contains data about the current user.
  25. An important Windows registry key that contains hardware,software, and security data. The key is built using data taken from the SAM hive, the Security hive,the Software hive, and the System hive and from data collected at startup about the hardware.
  26. A Windows registry key that contains data about all users and is taken from theDefault hive.
  27. A Windows utility to build customized consoles. These consoles can be saved to a file with an .msc file extension.
    Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
  28. The program file for the Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor console.
  29. A Vista utility that uses a flash drive or secure digital (SD) memory card to boost hard drive performance.
  30. A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information,user preferences, and setup information.
  31. The Windows utility used to edit the Windows registry.
    Registry Editor (Regedit.exe)
  32. A MMCsnap-in (Perfmon.msc) that collects, records,and displays events, called Data Collector Sets,that can help track the performance and reliability of Windows.
    Reliability and Performance Monitor
  33. A Windows utility that can be installed in a console window by Microsoft Management Console.
  34. AWindows utility that can identify what processes are launched at startup and can temporarily disable a process from loading.
    System Configuration Utility (Msconfig.exe)
  35. A Windows utility thatlets you view the applications and processes running on your computer as well as information about process and memory performance, network activity, and user activity.
    Task Manager (Taskmgr.exe)
  36. A Windows tool that can set a task or program to launch at a future time, including at startup
    Task Scheduler
  37. An Internet tool that can be run on a PC to determine if an XP system qualifies for Vista
    Vista Upgrade Advisor
  38. A Vista feature that gives a summary index designed to measure the overall performance of a system.
    Windows Experience Index
  39. A Windows2000/XP/Vista menu that appears when you press F8 when Windows starts. The menu can be used to troubleshoot problems when loading Windows 2000/XP/Vista
    Advanced Options menu
  40. Vista file structured the same as a registry file and contains configuration information about how Vista isstarted.
    Boot Configuration Data (BCD)
  41. A Windows 2000/XP hidden text file that contains information needed to start the boot and build the boot loader menu.
  42. A Windows tool that can be used to direct information about drivers to a file, including information about digital signatures.
    Driver Query
  43. A Windows 2000 record of critical information about your system that can be used to fix a problem with the OS.
    Emergency Repair Disk (ERD)
  44. A Windows 2000 process that restores the OS to its state at the completion of a successful installation.
    Emergency Repair Process
  45. A Windows tool that displays information about digitally signed files, including device driver files and application files,and logs information to C:\Windows\Sigverif.txt.
    File Signature Verification
  46. In Windows2000/XP/Vista, registry settings and device drivers that were in effect when the computer last booted successfully. These settings can be restored during the startup process to recover from errors during the last boot.
    Last Known Good Configuration
  47. A Vista utility used to test memory.
    Memory Diagnostics (mdsched.exe)
  48. A bar that displays when Vista is starting that indicates the kernel has loaded successfully and the user mode components of Vista are currently loading.
    progress bar
  49. A Windows 2000/XP command interface utility and OS that can be used to solve problems when Windows cannot load from the hard drive.
    Recovery Console
  50. A Windows tool that checks to make sure Windows is using the correct versions of system files.
    SFC (System File Checker)
  51. One of two programs that manage the loading of Vista. The program file is stored in C:\Windows\System32, and it loads and starts essential Vista processes
    Windows Boot Loader (WinLoad.exe)
  52. The Vista program that manages the initial startup of Vista.The BootMgr program file is stored in the C:\ root directory and has no file extension.
    Windows Boot Manager (BootMgr)
  53. An operating system launched from the Vista DVD that provides a graphical and command line interface and used to solve problems when Vista will not boot from the hard drive
    Windows Vista Recovery Environment (RecEnv.exe)