drug cards part 2.txt

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drug cards part 2.txt
2012-04-25 09:19:03
Drug cards part

drug cards part 2
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  1. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) class
    nonopioid analgesics
  2. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) side effects
    anemia (long term use), liver and kidney failure, dyspnea (high prolonged doses), angioedema, hives, itching
  3. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) What is it used for
    mild pain or fever
  4. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) onset
    less than 1 hour, peak 30 min to 2 hours, duration 4-6 hours, rectal-onset slow, peak 1-2 hours, duration 3-4 hours
  5. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) nursing
    take crushed or whole with full glass of water, give with food with milk to prevent GI upset; signs of chronic poisioning-rapid weak pulse, dyspnea, cold clammy; signs of chronic overdose: bleeding bruising, malaise, fever, sore throat, anorexia, jaundice
  6. Aspirin class
    nonopioid analgesics
  7. Aspirin side effects
    nausea, vomiting, rash, angioedema, dyspnea, melena, tinnitus, GI bleed
  8. Aspirin what is it used for
    mgmt. of mild to moderate pain or fever, TIA, prophy MI, angina
  9. Aspirin onset
    PO 15-30 min, peak 1-2 hours, duration 4-6; rectal onset slow, 20-60% absorbed if retained 2-4 hours
  10. Aspirin nursing considerations
    long term use, check for liver damage: dark urine, clay colored stools, yellowing of skin and sclera, itching, abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea; for arthritis, give 30 min before exercise, may take 2 weeks before full effect is felt, discard tablets if they smell like vinegar
  11. Minoxidil (Rogaine) class
  12. Minoxidil (Rogaine) side effects
    edema, increase in body hair, rash
  13. Minoxidil (Rogaine) nursing
    teach pt to take radial pulse, check for wt gain, edema, topical approved to promote hair growth in men and women, do not use in children or infants, avoid contact with eyes, mucours, or sensitive skin
  14. Atorvastatin Calcium (Lipitor) class
  15. Atorvastatin Calcium (Lipitor) side effects
    constipation, decreased vitamins ADK, ABD pain, nausea, arthralgia, myopathy, nasopharyngitis, UTI
  16. Atorvastation Calcium (Lipitor) what is it used for
    lower cholesterol, digitalis toxitity, biliary obstruction pruritus and diarrhea; decrease risk of MI and stroke with DM2 pts
  17. Atorvastation Calcium (Lipitor) nursing
    take meals one hr before or 4 hours after this med to avoid poor absorption, mix granuales in applesauce or liquid, do not take dry, let stand for 2 min; monitor for hypoprothrombinemia such as bleeding gums, tarry stools, hematuria, bruising; minitor liver enzymes; avoid grapefruit
  18. Nitro class
  19. Nitro side effects
    transient headache, postural hypotension, flushing
  20. Nitro what is it used for
    treatment/prophylaxis of angina pectoris; IV used for control of BP during surgery and CHF associated with acute MI
  21. Nitro sustained release
    every 4-6 hours on empty stomach; onset 20-40 minutes, duration 3-8 hours
  22. Nitro spray
    do not inhale spray. Onset 2 minutes, duration 3-5 minutes
  23. Nitro IV
    use infusion pump and special non PVD tubing, onset 1-2 minutes, duration 3-5 minutes
  24. Nitro ointment
    onset 30-60 minutes, duration 3-8 hours
  25. Nitro transdermal
    apply to clean hairless area, totate sites, onset 30-60 minutes, duration 12-24 hours
  26. Nitro nursing
    go to ER if pain not relieved with 3 tabs in 15 minutes, wear medical info tag
  27. Amiodarone (Codarone, Pacerone) class
  28. Amiodarone (Codarone, Pacerone) side effects
    dizziness, fatigue, malaise, corneal microdeposits, bradycardia, hypotension, anorexsia, constipation, photosensitivity, neurologic dysfunction, muscle weakness, cardia, arrest, nausea, vomiting
  29. Amiodarone (Codarone, Pacerone) what is it used for
    mgmt. of ventricular arrhythmias unresponsive to less toxic agents
  30. Amiodarone (Codarone, Pacerone) IV
    continuous cardiac monitoring
  31. Amiodarone (Codarone, Pacerone) nursing
    assess for pulmonary toxicity (rales, crackles, decreased breath sounds, pleuritis friction rub, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, pleuritic pain, fever; neurotoxicity, side effects might not appear right away, check radial pulse, use sunscreen, may increase Alt, AST
  32. Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal) class
  33. Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal) side effects
    bronchospasm, cough, wheeze, dizziness, nausea
  34. Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal) what is it used for
    prophylactic mgmt. of bronchial asthma
  35. Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal) nursing
    notify clinician of wheezing, respiratory distress; do not use for acute asthma attacks, full therapeutic effect may take several weeks
  36. Montelukast (Singulair) class
  37. Montelukast (Singulair) side effects
    dizziness, headache, URI, fever, pharyngitis, cough, GI upset, otitis media, runny nose, sinusitis
  38. Montelukast (SIngulair) what is it used for
    prophylaxis and treatment of chronic asthma and allergic rhinitis
  39. Montelukast (Singulair) nursing
    do not use to treat acute symptoms, notify clinician of wheezing, respiratory distress, full therapeutic effect may take several weeks, may increase neuropsychiatric events