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  1. What are the 5 processes of Swansnon's theroy of caring
    • 1. Knowing (understanding)
    • 2. Being (emotional)
    • 3. Doing (putting self in client shoes)
    • 4. Enabling (facilitating thru life and death and circumstances)
    • 5. Maintaing belief (sustaining faith thru events)
  2. Summary of Swansons Theories
    • —Caring consists of 5 processes
    • —Caring is a central phenomenon but not necessarily unique to nursing practice
    • —Useful in developing effective caring strategies
  3. Benner - Theory
    • —Personal concern for another
    • —Specific and relational to each client
    • —Health is a state of being – unique to everyone
    • —Health exists along a continuum
    • —Illness is the experience of loss or dysfunction
    • —Disease is the manifestation of an abnormality at the cellular, tissue or organ level
    • —Expert nurses understand the difference between health, illness, and disease and through caring relationships they listen, gain understanding and can provide therapeutic, client centered care.
  4. Leninger
    • —Concept of care is the essence and central, unifying and dominant domain that distinguishes nursing from other professions.
    • —Caring is an essential human need
    • —Care unlike cure assists an individual/group in improving human condition
    • —Empathy, compassion, and support
    • —Care helps protect. Develop, nurture and provide survival
    • —Care is vital to recovery from illness and to maintain health
    • —Cultural caring important – understanding differences
    • —Caring is personal and will differ among clients
    • —Learn culturally specific behaviors so identify and meet needs of all clients
  5. —Watson
    • —Holistic model – conscious intention to care will promote healing and wholeness
    • —Complementary to conventional medicine
    • —Rejects disease orientation to health care and places care before cure
    • —Looks for deeper sources of inner healing to protect, enhance, preserve a person’s dignity, humanity, wholeness and inner harmony.
    • —Caring is almost spiritual
    • —Preservation of human dignity in the technological, cure dominated health care system
    • —Emphasis on nurse – client relationship
    • —Transformative – relationship influences both nurse and client
  6. —What is naturopathy
    —Naturopathy,or naturopathic medicine, is a system of medicine based on the healing power ofnature. —Naturopathyis a holistic system, strive to find the cause of disease by understanding thebody, mind, and spirit of the person. —Mostnaturopathic doctors use a variety of therapies and techniques (such asnutrition, behavior change, herbal medicine, homeopathy, and acupuncture).—Thereare 2 areas of focus in naturopathy: one is supporting the body's own healingabilities, and the other is empowering people to make lifestyle changesnecessary for the best possible health. —Whilenaturopathic doctors treat both short bouts of illness and chronic conditions,their emphasis is on preventing disease and educating patients.——
  7. —What is osteopathy
    —A system of medicine based on the theory that disturbances in the musculoskeletalsystem affect other bodily parts, causing many disorders that can be correctedby various manipulative techniques in conjunction with conventional medical,surgical, pharmacological, and other therapeutic procedures
  8. —Complementary Therapy
    —thoseused in addition to conventional treatment— Therapeutictouch, guided imagery, breathing, relaxation, reflexology, prayer, biofeedback,hypnotherapy, art, music and dance, chiropractic, osteopathy, and herbs
  9. —Alternative therapies
    —Includesame interventions as complementary but can be primary tx that replacesallopathic (practice of conventional medicine that uses pharmacologicaltreatments or physical interventions to treat or suppress symptoms orpathophysiologic processes of diseases or conditions) —Chinesemedicine, acupuncture, Ayurvedic (Hindu based – herbs, oils)
  10. ———Review Table 36-1 p 773—
Card Set:
2012-04-25 15:20:14
Caring Teaching

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