History 18.3-18.4

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History 18.3-18.4
2012-04-25 16:43:46

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  1. firth largest country in the world in area.
  2. Northern Brazil is dominated by the _____ ______ and its tributaries.
    Amazon River
  3. water the southern plateaus
    Three rivers
  4. The Three rivers that water the southern plateaus.
    the Paraguay, the Parana, and the Uruguay
  5. ______ became an important issue during the Age of Pedro.
  6. Finally in 1888, while Pedro II was away in Europe, his daughter _____ ______ yielded to the pressure and declared all of the slaves in Brazil free.
    Princess Isabel
  7. largest producer of coffee in the world.
  8. Coffee comes from coffee trees which grow on mountainside coffee plantations called _______.
  9. Brazil also ranks as a leading producer of _____ beans or seeds.
  10. In addition to coffee and cacao, Brazil is a leading producer of ________, ____ _____, ____ _____, _____, and ______.
    bananas, sugar cane, citrus fruits, cattle, and sheep
  11. The _______ Dam on the ______ River is one of the most powerful hydroelectric plants in the world.
    Itaipu Dam, Parana River
  12. fifth largest country in the world in population.
  13. has nearly as many people as all other South American countries combined.
  14. To encourage more people to move inland, the Brazilian government moved the capital from _____ ___ _____ to ________.
    Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia
  15. one of the most beautiful cities in the world and is often called "Rio."
    Rio de Janeiro
  16. considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
    Guanabara Bay
  17. a rocky formation which rises from a peninsula on the harbor.
    Sugar Loaf Mountain
  18. largest city in South America
    Sao Paulo
  19. fourth largest city in the world
    Sao Paulo
  20. industrial center of Latin America
    Sao Paulo
  21. Located in the heart of the Amazon jungle near the junction of the Negro and Amazon rivers, _______ is the center of trade and commerce for the Amazon Basin.
  22. Ocean liners travel _______ miles up the _____ River to unload and pick up cargo at Manaus's busy port.
    1,000 and Amazon
  23. capital of Brazil that is well known fro its striking architecture and orderly arrangement
  24. second largest country in South America
  25. an area of fertile grasslands that extends across central Argentina.
  26. violent gales and heavy rains created by cool winds from the south meeting warm air from the tropical north, periodically sweep across the Pampas
  27. Because of the great volume of _____ grown on the Pampas, Argentina is known as the "Granary of the South"
  28. Huge herds of cattle roam the ______, watched by the _______.
    estancias, gouchos
  29. South American cowboys
  30. one of the world's largest beef producers.
  31. _______ are raised on Tierra del Fuego for their wool in the country of Argentina.
  32. location of one of the world's highest active volcanoes, Volcan Antofalla.
  33. ________ is the biggest industry of Argentina.
  34. Millions of people vacation in Argentina every year. Some go to see spectacular _________ Falls, stay at a seaside resort, ski in the Andes, or hike to the famous monument ______ of the _______. Most of them visit ________ _____, the beautiful capital city.
    Iguacu Falls, Christ of the Andes, Buenos Aires
  35. beautiful capital city of Argentina.
    Buenos Aires
  36. the tenth largest city in the world.
    Buenos Aires
  37. Buenos Aires is located near the Atlantic coast on the banks of the _____ de la _______ in central Argentina.
    Rio de la Plata
  38. one of the leading publishing centers of all Spanish-speaking countries.
    Buenos Aires
  39. a group of islands just off the southern tip of South America. Magellan named the islands this which means land of fire, because of the many campfires he saw dotting the shoreline.
    Tierra del Fuego
  40. The _____ and _____ Indians who lived on these Tierra del Fuego islands, were the southernmost people of the world.
    Ona and Yahgan
  41. When the evolutionist, ____ _____ saw these people during his voyage around South America, he mistakenly thought he had found a missing link between man and ape.
    Charles Darwin
  42. A British naval officer, _____ ____ ______, was the first to try to tell the Indians of Tierra del Fuego about Christ.
    Captain Allen Gardiner
  43. "Land of the Big Feet"
  44. Fishermen from the Falklands get oil from whales that are killed nearby and ship it to ___ _____ Island to be exported.
    South Georgia Island
  45. After British Prime Minister ______ _____ appealed to the patriotism of her people on behalf of several thousand British citizens in the Falklands, thousands of Britons volunteered to go and fight for English liberty.
    Margaret Thatcher
  46. the southernmost country of South America
  47. Chile produces more _____ than any other nation in the world.
  48. Because of the long coastline of Chile, ______ is also a major industry
  49. an important seaport and center of industry in Chile
  50. Chile's capital which lies in a fertile valley between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific coastal range about 90 miles east of the Pacific Ocean. It is also Chile's largest city and its industrial center.
  51. one of the poorest countries in South America.
  52. a landlocked country
  53. the only country whose flag has different pictures on the front and the back.
  54. one of the smallest countries on the South American continent, but is also very prosperous.
  55. the capital and largest city of Uruguay. It is called the City of Roses because of its flower-filled squares and beautiful parks.