Anatomy Study Guide

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QueenKeyerra
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150115
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Anatomy Study Guide
Updated:
2012-04-25 18:05:45
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Study Guide Mrs Riley
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Chapter 18 and 20
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  1. ______ means behind the peritoneum.
    Retroperitoneal
  2. In men, the hormone ______ Stimulates secreation of testosterone.
    LH
  3. The ureter carries urine from the kidney to the ______.
    Urinary Bladder
  4. The normal urinary output per 24 hours is usually approximately ______.
    1-2L
  5. In spermatogenesis, ______ functional sperm are produced for every cell.
    4
  6. The ______ are located in the retroperitoneum.
    Kidneys
  7. The ______ artery takes blood from the abdominal aorta to the kidneys.
    Renal
  8. The part of the uterus that will become the maternal portion of the placenta is the _______.
    Endometrium
  9. The _______ of the sperm contains the chromosomes.
    Head
  10. ____________ are hormones produced by the ovaries.
    Estrogen and Progesterone
  11. The seminal vesicles secrete ______ which is used for the nourishment of sperm.
    Fructose
  12. In men, the ______ passes through the prostate gland and penis.
    Urethra
  13. The ______ carries urine from the urinary bladder to the exterior of the body.
    Urethra
  14. The renal vein takes blood from the kidney to the ______.
    Inferior Vena Cava
  15. Diarrhea, strenuous exercise on a hot daily and drinking 2L of diet soda will affect _______.
  16. The hormones ____________ are necessary for production of mature ova in women.
    FSH and Estrogen
  17. Estrogen and Progesterone are directly necessary for the growth of _______ in the endometrium.
    Blood Vessels
  18. The function of the _______ of the kidney is to form urine from blood plasma.
    Nephrons
  19. In oogenesis, ______ egg cell is produced for each cell.
    One
  20. The vagina is also called the birth canal, which is used for the delivery of the infant at the end of ________.
    Gestation
  21. The _______ are the capillaries of the kidneys in which filtration takes place.
    Glomeruli
  22. The _______ in the bladder prevents outflow of the urine most of the time.
    Internal Urethral Sphincter
  23. Menstruation is directly stimulated by a decrease in the hormone _______.
    Progesterone
  24. When kidneys form urine, they also ______ the pH of the blood, the electrolyte composition of the blood and the blood volume.
    Regulate
  25. Spermatogenesis takes place in the ______.
    Testes
  26. A sperm contains 23 or the _______ number of chromosomes.
    Haploid
  27. In women, the hormone LH promotes the release of a mature follicle called an ______.
    Ovum
  28. In the kidneys, ______ is the hormone that directly increases the reabsorption of water.
    ADH
  29. The male reproductive gland with smooth muscle that contributes to ejaculation is the ________.
    Prostrate Gland
  30. Blood pressure provides the energy for the process of ______ in the kidneys.
  31. The _____________ provides voluntary control of the urination reflex.
    External Urethral Sphincter
  32. The term "vulva" refers to the _______ female genital organs.
    External
  33. A _______ or ovum is propelled through the fallopian tube by the ciliated epithellum and peristalsis of smooth muscle.
    Zygote
  34. Oogenesis takes place in the _______.
    Ovaries
  35. The purpose of the renin-angiotensin mechanism is to raise ______.
    Blood Pressure
  36. In the kidneys, _______ is reabsorbed from renal filtrate by active transport.
  37. An average menstrual cycle lasts approximately _______ days.
    28
  38. The ________ is the part of the uterus that contracts for delivery of the infant.
    Myometrium
  39. The spinal cord is the part of the CNS that is directly involved in the ________.
    Urination Reflex
  40. The _______ secreates the hormones estrogen and progesterone in women.
    Corpus Luteum
  41. The functional layer is part of the endometrium that is lost in __________.
    Menstruation
  42. In the kidneys, _______ is the process by which water is reabsorbed from renal filtrate.
  43. During states of hypoxia, the kidneys secret _______.
    Erythropoietin
  44. Ejaculation of semen involves _______ of the male ducts and contraction of the prostate gland.
    Peristalsis
  45. The hormone ______ initiates sperm production in men.
    FSH
  46. The _______ is part of the sperm that provides motility.
    Flagellum
  47. The normal range of the urinary pH is _______.
    4.6 - 8.0
  48. The __________ is the maximum amount of glucose or amino acids that may be reabsorbed by the kidney tubules.
    Threshold Level
  49. ._________ is a measure of how dilute or concentrated urine is.
  50. The function of erythropoietin is to increase ____ production.
    RBC
  51. __________ are lateral to the vaginal and urethral orifices.
    Bartholin's Glands
  52. A measure of urine dilution/concentration a person can immediately see is ______.
    Color
  53. The _______ transports sperm from the testes to the ductus deferens.
    Epididymis
  54. If glucose is found in urine, the threshold level for reabsorpation has been _______.
    Exceeded

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