Anatomy Study Guide
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Anatomy Study Guide
Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Study Guide Mrs Riley
Chapter 18 and 20
______ means behind the peritoneum.
In men, the hormone ______ Stimulates secreation of testosterone.
The ureter carries urine from the kidney to the ______.
The normal urinary output per 24 hours is usually approximately ______.
In spermatogenesis, ______ functional sperm are produced for every cell.
The ______ are located in the retroperitoneum.
The ______ artery takes blood from the abdominal aorta to the kidneys.
The part of the uterus that will become the maternal portion of the placenta is the _______.
The _______ of the sperm contains the chromosomes.
____________ are hormones produced by the ovaries.
Estrogen and Progesterone
The seminal vesicles secrete ______ which is used for the nourishment of sperm.
In men, the ______ passes through the prostate gland and penis.
The ______ carries urine from the urinary bladder to the exterior of the body.
The renal vein takes blood from the kidney to the ______.
Inferior Vena Cava
Diarrhea, strenuous exercise on a hot daily and drinking 2L of diet soda will affect _______.
The hormones ____________ are necessary for production of mature ova in women.
FSH and Estrogen
Estrogen and Progesterone are directly necessary for the growth of _______ in the endometrium.
The function of the _______ of the kidney is to form urine from blood plasma.
In oogenesis, ______ egg cell is produced for each cell.
The vagina is also called the birth canal, which is used for the delivery of the infant at the end of ________.
The _______ are the capillaries of the kidneys in which filtration takes place.
The _______ in the bladder prevents outflow of the urine most of the time.
Internal Urethral Sphincter
Menstruation is directly stimulated by a decrease in the hormone _______.
When kidneys form urine, they also ______ the pH of the blood, the electrolyte composition of the blood and the blood volume.
Spermatogenesis takes place in the ______.
A sperm contains 23 or the _______ number of chromosomes.
In women, the hormone LH promotes the release of a mature follicle called an ______.
In the kidneys, ______ is the hormone that directly increases the reabsorption of water.
The male reproductive gland with smooth muscle that contributes to ejaculation is the ________.
Blood pressure provides the energy for the process of ______ in the kidneys.
The _____________ provides voluntary control of the urination reflex.
External Urethral Sphincter
The term "vulva" refers to the _______ female genital organs.
A _______ or ovum is propelled through the fallopian tube by the ciliated epithellum and peristalsis of smooth muscle.
Oogenesis takes place in the _______.
The purpose of the renin-angiotensin mechanism is to raise ______.
In the kidneys, _______ is reabsorbed from renal filtrate by active transport.
An average menstrual cycle lasts approximately _______ days.
The ________ is the part of the uterus that contracts for delivery of the infant.
The spinal cord is the part of the CNS that is directly involved in the ________.
The _______ secreates the hormones estrogen and progesterone in women.
The functional layer is part of the endometrium that is lost in __________.
In the kidneys, _______ is the process by which water is reabsorbed from renal filtrate.
During states of hypoxia, the kidneys secret _______.
Ejaculation of semen involves _______ of the male ducts and contraction of the prostate gland.
The hormone ______ initiates sperm production in men.
The _______ is part of the sperm that provides motility.
The normal range of the urinary pH is _______.
4.6 - 8.0
The __________ is the maximum amount of glucose or amino acids that may be reabsorbed by the kidney tubules.
._________ is a measure of how dilute or concentrated urine is.
The function of erythropoietin is to increase ____ production.
__________ are lateral to the vaginal and urethral orifices.
A measure of urine dilution/concentration a person can immediately see is ______.
The _______ transports sperm from the testes to the ductus deferens.
If glucose is found in urine, the threshold level for reabsorpation has been _______.