MGMT CHAP 13 pt2

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Author:
ndumas2
ID:
150147
Filename:
MGMT CHAP 13 pt2
Updated:
2012-04-25 19:10:53
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MGMT LSU
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Description:
pt2 of Chapter 14 cards
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  1. needs
    the physical or psychological requirements that must be met to ensure survival and well–being
  2. Negative reinforcement
    reinforcement that strengthens behavior by withholding an unpleasant consequence when employees perform a specific behavior
  3. Outcome/input (O/I) ratio
    in equity theory, an employee’s perception of how the rewards received from an organization compare with the employee’s contributions to that organization
  4. outcomes
    in equity theory, the rewards employees receive for their contributions to the organization
  5. overreward
    a form of inequity in which you are getting more outcomes relative to inputs than your referent
  6. Performance feedback
    information about the quality or quantity of past performance that indicates whether progress is being made toward the accomplishment of a goal
  7. Positive reinforcement
    reinforcement that strengthens behavior by following behaviors with desirable consequences
  8. Procedural justice
    the perceived fairness of the process used to make reward allocation decisions
  9. punishment
    reinforcement that weakens behavior by following behaviors with undesirable consequences
  10. referents
    in equity theory, others with whom people compare themselves to determine if they have been treated fairly
  11. reinforcement
    the process of changing behavior by changing the consequences that follow behavior
  12. Reinforcement contingencies
    cause–and–effect relationships between the performance of specific behaviors and specific consequences
  13. Reinforcement theory
    a theory that states that behavior is a function of its consequences, that behaviors followed by positive consequences will occur more frequently, and that behaviors followed by negative consequences, or not followed by positive consequences, will occur less frequently
  14. Schedule of reinforcement
    rules that specify which behaviors will be reinforced, which consequences will follow those behaviors, and the schedule by which those consequences will be delivered
  15. underreward
    a form of inequity in which you are getting fewer outcomes relative to inputs than your referent is getting
  16. valence
    the attractiveness or desirability of a reward or outcome
  17. Variable interval reinforcement schedule
    an intermittent schedule in which the time between a behavior and the following consequences varies around a specified average
  18. Variable ratio reinforcement schedule
    an intermittent schedule in which consequences are delivered following a different number of behaviors, sometimes more and sometimes less, that vary around a specified average number of behaviors

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