Anatomy Final!!

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QueenKeyerra
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150148
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Anatomy Final!!
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2012-04-25 19:06:02
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Study guide Mrs Riley
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Final Study Guide
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  1. _______ is the fluid found within veins.
    Plasma
  2. In humans, the 46 _______ contain DNA, the hereditary material.
    Chromosomes
  3. The _______ in the fetal skull permit for compression of the skull during birth and allows for growth of the brain after birth.
    Fontanels
  4. ______ is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas and lowers the blood glucose level.
    Insulin
  5. The deltoid area is ______ to the gluteal area.
    Superior
  6. The _______ system covers the body and includes the skin.
    Integumentary
  7. The _______ fluid found within the cells.
    Intracellular
  8. ______ cells have the potential to divide and become any of several kinds of cells.
    Stem
  9. The rib cage is directly involved in the functioning of the ______ system.
    Respiratory
  10. The Umbilical area is _______ to the lumbar area.
  11. The lungs are found in the _______ cavity.
    Thoracic
  12. DNA is the _______ (code) material found within cells.
    Genetic
  13. RBC's transport _______ which is bonded to hemoglobin.
    Oxygen
  14. The nervous system transmits _______ to muscles to cause contractions.
    Impulses
  15. The plantar area is _______ to the femoral area.
  16. In emergencies, type o negative blood may be considered the ________ donor because it has no RBC antigens to trigger destruction by a recipient's antibodies.
    Universal
  17. The small intestines, stomach, and gallbladder are found in the ________ cavity.
    Abdominal
  18. _______is the waste product of cell respiration.
    Carbon Dioxide
  19. _______ destroy pathogens that have entered the body.
    WBC's
  20. The frontal area is _______ to the occipital area.
  21. During strenuous exercise, muscle fatigue is caused by production of _______ when there is no oxygen present in the muscle fibers.
    Lactic Acid
  22. The _______ is found in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity.
    Liver
  23. The pH of cells and tissues will _______ if too much carbon dioxide accumulates in them.
    Decrease
  24. Platelets are cells that are important for blood _______.
    Clotting
  25. The _______ system is the organ system that supports the body.
    Skeletal
  26. The ______ is the space between the neuron and the muscle fiber in the neuromuscular junction.
    Synapse
  27. The smallest living units of structure and function of the body are called ______.
    Cells
  28. ______ is the element that provides strength in bone and teeth.
    Calcium
  29. Sensation, movement, and learning are all function of ______ tissue.
    Nerve
  30. The _______ system transports nutrients and gases within the body.
    Circulatory
  31. ______ is a group of cells with similar structures and functions.
    Tissue
  32. ________ is the movement of water and dissolved materials through a membrane from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
    Filtration
  33. The function of smooth muscles in arteries is to help maintain ________.
    Blood Pressure
  34. When muscles contract, they ______ and pull.
    Shorten
  35. The _______ system produces specialized cells to continue the human species.
    Reproductive
  36. An ________ is an arrangement of several tissues that accomplishes specific functions.
    Organ
  37. The process of filtration is important to form urine in the ______.
    Kidneys
  38. Mucous membranes are found in the all tracts that open to the _________.
    Environment
  39. The CNS and PNS are divisions of the ________.
    Nervous System
  40. The ________ system removes waste products from the blood.
    Urinary
  41. A _______ feedback mechanism requires an external brake or stop.
    Positive
  42. _______ is the movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration.
    Diffusion
  43. The epidermis is that part of the integumentary systems that prevents entry of ________.
    Pathogens
  44. A reflex is an ________ response to a stimulus.
    Involuntary
  45. The ______ system moves the body.
    Muscular
  46. _______ is the total of all the chemical reactions and physical changes within the body.
    Metabolism
  47. _______ is the engulfing of something by moving.
    Phagocytosis
  48. The function of ______ is to protect living skin layers from more UV rays.
    Melanin
  49. The _______ is part of the brain that regulates body tempature and controls appetite.
    Hypothalamus
  50. The _______ system secretes hormones and consist of glands.
    Endocrine
  51. If the blood level of glucose is higher than normal, glucose will be spilled into the _______.
    Urine
  52. ________ means behind the peritoneum.
    Retroperitoneal
  53. In Oogenesis, how many eggs cells are produced for each cell?
    One
  54. Besides Specific Gravity, ______ is a measure of how dilute or concentrated urine is.
    Color
  55. In spermatogenesis, how many functional sperm are produced for every cell?
    4

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