AP U.S. history 1521-1550
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Moon race, Neil Armstrong
- Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon,
- beating the Communists in the moon race and fulfilling Kennedy's goal. Cost $24
Sunbelt versus Frostbelt
- trend wherein people moved from the northern and eastern states to the south
- and southwest region from Virginia to California.
Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique
- - Depicted how difficult a woman's life is because she doesn't think about
- herself, only her family. It said that middle-class society stifled women and
- didn't let them use their talents. Attacked the "cult of
Organization for Women (NOW)
- by Betty Frieden, a reform organization that battled for equal rights with men
- by lobbying and testing laws in court. NOW wanted equal employment
- opportunities, equal pay, ERA, divorce law changes, and legalized abortion.
Rights Amendment (ERA)
- the 27th Amendment, calling for equal rights for both sexes. Defeated in the
- House in 1972.
Women's Political Caucus
- by Betty Frieden, encouraged women to seek help or run for political office.
Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed
- Nader said that poor design and construction of
- automobiles were the major causes of highway deaths. He upset Congress by
- asking for legislation regulating car design and creation of national auto
- safety board, NATSA.
Nixon, "New Federalism"
- which meant returning power to the states, reversing the flow of power and
- resources from states and communities to Washington,
- and start power and resources flowing back to people all over America. Involved a 5-year plan to
- distribute $30 billion of federal revenues to states.
T. Agnew, his resignation
- 1973 - Nixon's vice-president resigned and pleaded "no contest" to
- charges of tax evasion on payments made to him when he was governor of Maryland. He was
- replaced by Gerald R. Ford.
- Nixon program that returned federal funds to the states to use as they saw fit.
and price controls
- curb inflation, President Nixon froze prices, wages, and revenues for 90 days.
Nixon versus Congress
- January, 1973 - Republican party operatives who had
- broken into the Democratic party facility at the Watergate Hotel convicted of
- burglary. Investigation of possible White House involvement
- disclosed existence of Nixon's tapes of meetings, but the President refused to
- turn over the tapes to Congress. Opposition to Nixon created unity in Congress
- that allowed passage of legislation Nixon had opposed.
- 17, 1972 - five men arrested for breaking into the Democratic National
- Committee's executive quarters in the Watergate Hotel. Two White House aides
- were indicted; they quit, Senate hearing began in May, 1973, Nixon admitted to
- complicity in the burglary. In July, 1974, Nixon's impeachment began, so he
- resign with a disbarment.
for the Reelection of the President (CREEP)
- in 1971 to help Nixon get reelected. Involved in illegal activities such as the
- Watergate break-in.
Election of 1972: candidates, issues
- feared that George S. McGovern, the Democratic candidate, was an isolationist
- because he promised cuts in defense spending. Richard M. Nixon, the Republican,
- promised an end to the Vietnam War and won by 60.7% of the popular vote.
White House "Plumbers"
- given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in
- 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public
- and press.
- Special committee led by Ervin began impeachment talks
- about Nixon. Impeachment hearing were opened May 9, 1974 against Nixon by the
- House Judiciary Committee. The Committee recommended 3 articles of impeachment
- against Nixon: taking part in a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice,
- "repeatedly" failing to carry out his constitutional oath, and
- unconstitutional defiance of committee subpoenas. Nixon resigned
SALT I Agreement
- Strategic Arms Limitations Talks by Nixon and Brezhnev
- in Moscow in
China visit, 1972
- Nixon visited for a week to meet with Chairman Mao
- Tse-Tung for improved relations with China, Called "ping-pong
Recognition of China
- established a trade policy and recognized the People's Republic of China, which surprised many because China had been
- an enemy during the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
Powers Act, 1973
- any president the power to go to war under certain circumstances, but required
- that he could only do so for 90 days before being required to officially bring
- the matter before Congress.
Day War, 1967
- Israel responded to a blockade of
- the port of Elath
- on the Gulf of Aqaba by Egypt
- in June, 1967, by launching attacks on Egypt,
- and its allies, Jordan and Syria.
- Won certain territories for defense.
Yom Kippur War, 1973
- by their losses in the Six-Days War, Egypt
- and Syria launched a
- surprise attack on Israel
- during the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur on October 6, 1973. Israel counterattacked, won a decisive victory,
- and had even occupied portions of northern Egypt.
Henry S. Kissinger, "Shuttle Diplomacy"
- of this Secretary of State to travel around the world to various nations to
- discuss and encourage the policy of detente.
- the replacement of a vice president the same as for a Supreme Court justice, i.e.,
- the president nominates someone and Congress decides.
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