AP U.S. history 1521-1550
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AP U.S. history 1521-1550
1521 AP History
Moon race, Neil Armstrong
Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon,
beating the Communists in the moon race and fulfilling Kennedy's goal. Cost $24
Sunbelt versus Frostbelt
trend wherein people moved from the northern and eastern states to the south
and southwest region from Virginia to California.
Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique
- Depicted how difficult a woman's life is because she doesn't think about
herself, only her family. It said that middle-class society stifled women and
didn't let them use their talents. Attacked the "cult of
Organization for Women (NOW)
by Betty Frieden, a reform organization that battled for equal rights with men
by lobbying and testing laws in court. NOW wanted equal employment
opportunities, equal pay, ERA, divorce law changes, and legalized abortion.
Rights Amendment (ERA)
the 27th Amendment, calling for equal rights for both sexes. Defeated in the
House in 1972.
Women's Political Caucus
by Betty Frieden, encouraged women to seek help or run for political office.
Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed
Nader said that poor design and construction of
automobiles were the major causes of highway deaths. He upset Congress by
asking for legislation regulating car design and creation of national auto
safety board, NATSA.
Nixon, "New Federalism"
which meant returning power to the states, reversing the flow of power and
resources from states and communities to Washington,
and start power and resources flowing back to people all over America. Involved a 5-year plan to
distribute $30 billion of federal revenues to states.
T. Agnew, his resignation
1973 - Nixon's vice-president resigned and pleaded "no contest" to
charges of tax evasion on payments made to him when he was governor of Maryland. He was
replaced by Gerald R. Ford.
Nixon program that returned federal funds to the states to use as they saw fit.
and price controls
curb inflation, President Nixon froze prices, wages, and revenues for 90 days.
Nixon versus Congress
January, 1973 - Republican party operatives who had
broken into the Democratic party facility at the Watergate Hotel convicted of
burglary. Investigation of possible White House involvement
disclosed existence of Nixon's tapes of meetings, but the President refused to
turn over the tapes to Congress. Opposition to Nixon created unity in Congress
that allowed passage of legislation Nixon had opposed.
17, 1972 - five men arrested for breaking into the Democratic National
Committee's executive quarters in the Watergate Hotel. Two White House aides
were indicted; they quit, Senate hearing began in May, 1973, Nixon admitted to
complicity in the burglary. In July, 1974, Nixon's impeachment began, so he
resign with a disbarment.
for the Reelection of the President (CREEP)
in 1971 to help Nixon get reelected. Involved in illegal activities such as the
Election of 1972: candidates, issues
feared that George S. McGovern, the Democratic candidate, was an isolationist
because he promised cuts in defense spending. Richard M. Nixon, the Republican,
promised an end to the Vietnam War and won by 60.7% of the popular vote.
White House "Plumbers"
given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in
1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public
Special committee led by Ervin began impeachment talks
about Nixon. Impeachment hearing were opened May 9, 1974 against Nixon by the
House Judiciary Committee. The Committee recommended 3 articles of impeachment
: taking part in a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice,
"repeatedly" failing to carry out his constitutional oath, and
unconstitutional defiance of committee subpoenas. Nixon resigned
SALT I Agreement
Strategic Arms Limitations Talks by Nixon and Brezhnev
in Moscow in
China visit, 1972
Nixon visited for a week to meet with Chairman Mao
Tse-Tung for improved relations with China, Called "ping-pong
Recognition of China
established a trade policy and recognized the People's Republic of China, which surprised many because China had been
an enemy during the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
Powers Act, 1973
any president the power to go to war under certain circumstances, but required
that he could only do so for 90 days before being required to officially bring
the matter before Congress.
Day War, 1967
Israel responded to a blockade of
the port of Elath
on the Gulf of Aqaba by Egypt
in June, 1967, by launching attacks on Egypt,
and its allies, Jordan and Syria.
Won certain territories for defense.
Yom Kippur War, 1973
by their losses in the Six-Days War, Egypt
and Syria launched a
surprise attack on Israel
during the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur on October 6, 1973. Israel counterattacked, won a decisive victory,
and had even occupied portions of northern Egypt.
Henry S. Kissinger, "Shuttle Diplomacy"
of this Secretary of State to travel around the world to various nations to
discuss and encourage the policy of detente.
the replacement of a vice president the same as for a Supreme Court justice, i.e.,
the president nominates someone and Congress decides.