abnormal psychology exam 3

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  1. pathological concern of individuals with the appearace of functioning of their bodies, usually in the absense of any identifiable medical condition
    somatoform disorder
  2. disorder in which individuals feeld etached from themselves or their surroundings and feel reality, experience, and identity may disintegrate
    dissociative disorder
  3. somatoform disorder involving severe anxiety over belief in having a diseease process witout any evident physical cause
  4. somatoform disorder involving extreme and long-lasting focus on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause evident
    somatization disorder
  5. somatoform disorder featuring true pain but for which psychological factors play an important role in onset, severity, or maintenance
    pain disorder
  6. physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, suggesting neurological impairment but with no organic pathology to account for it
    conversion disorder
  7. somatoform disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
    body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
  8. situation in whcih the individual loses a sense of the reality of the external world
  9. dissociative disorder in which feelings of depersonalization are so severe they dominate the individual's life and prevent normal functioning
    depersonalization disorder
  10. dissociative disorder featuring the inability to recall personal info: usually of a stressful or traumatic nature
    dissociative amnesia
  11. loss of memory of all personal info, including identity
    generalized amnesia
  12. memory loss limited to specific times and events, particularly traumatic events
    localized/selective amnesia
  13. dissociative disorder featuring sudden, unexpected travel away from home, along with an inability to recall the past, soemtimes with assumption of a new identity
    dissociative fugue
  14. altered state of consciousnesss in which people firmly beleive they are possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction
    dissociative trance disorder (DTD)
  15. disorder in whcih as many as 100 personalities or fragments of personalities coexist within one body and mind. Formerly known as multiple personality disorder
    dissociative identity disorder (DID)
  16. shorthand term for alter ego, one of the different personalities or identies in dissociative identity disorder
  17. an enduring maladaptive pattern for relating to the environment and self, exhibiting in a range of contexts that cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress
    personality disorder
  18. a cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent
    paraniod personality disorder
  19. a cluster A (odd or ecentric) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions
    schizoid personality disorder
  20. a cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits featuring acute discomfort with, and reducted capacity for, close relationships, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortios and eccentricities of behavior
    schizotypal personality disorder
  21. a cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others.
    antisocial personality disorder
  22. a non-DSM-IV-TR category similar to antisocial personality disorder but with less emphasis on overt behavior. indicators include superficial charm, lack of remorse, and other personality characteristics
  23. a cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personalit disorder involving a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self image, affect, and control over impulses
    borderline personality disorder
  24. a promising treatment for borderline personality disorder that inolves exposing the client to stressors in a controlled situation, as well as helpign the client regulate emotions and cope with stressors that might trigger suicidal behavior
    dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
  25. a cluster B (dramatic emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking
    histrionic personality disorder
  26. a cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of grandiosity in fantasy or behavior, need for admiration, and lack of empathy
    narcississistic personality disorder
  27. a cluster C (anxious and fearful) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to critism
    aviodant personality disorder
  28. a cluster C (anxious and fearful) personality disorder characterized by a person's pervasive and excessive ened to be taken are of, a condition that elads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation
    dependent personality disorder
  29. A cluster C (anxious and fearful) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and metnal and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency
    obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  30. developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inattention, execssive activity, and impulsiveness
    attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  31. reading, mathematics, or written expression performance substantially below the level expected relative to the person's age, intelligence quotient score, and education
    learning disorders
  32. reading performance significantly below the standard for that age level
    reading disorder
  33. individual's problems in spoken communication, as measured by significantlt low scores on standardized tests of expressive language relative to nonverbal intelligence test scores
    expressive language disorder
  34. developmental disorder characterized by the individual's consistent failure to speak in specific social situations despite speaking in other situations
    selective mutism
  35. disruption in early development involving involuntary motor movements or vocalizations
    tic disorder
  36. one of several wide-ranging, significant, and long lasing dysfunctions that appear before the age of 18
    pervasive developmental disorders
  37. pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairments in social relationships and restricted or unusual behaviors but without the language delays seen in autism
    Asperger's disorder
  38. progressive neurological developmental disorder featuring constant hand-wringing, mental retardation, and impaired motor skills
    Rett's disorder
  39. pervasive developmental disorder indolving severe regression in language, adaptive behavior, and motor skills after a 2 to 4 year period of normal development
    childhood disintegrative disorder
  40. pervasive developmental disorder characterized by significant impairment in social interactions and communication and restricted patterns of behavior, interest, and activity
    autistic disorder (autism)
  41. diagnosis received when one achieves a significantly below-average score on a test of intelligence and by limitations in the ability to function in areas of daily life
    intellectual disability
  42. recessive gene disorder involving the inability to break down a food chemical whose buildup causes mental retardation, seizures, and behaviot problems
    phenylketonuria (PKU)
  43. x-linked gene disorder characterized by mental retardation, signs of cerebral palsy, and self-injurous behaviors
    lesch-nyhan syndrome
  44. prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnormalities in the developing fetus. it involves removal and analysis of amniotic fluid from the mother
  45. a genetic test conductied during early pregnancy that samples cells foulnd in the placenta and assesses possible genetic or chromosomal problems in the fetus
    chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  46. pattern of abnormality caused by a defect in the X chromosome resulting in mental retardation, learning problems, and unusual physical characteristics
    fragile X syndrome
  47. mild form of mental retardation that may be caused largely by environmental influences
    cultural-familial intellectual disability
  48. rapid onset reduced clarity of consciousness and cognition with confusion, disorientation, and deficits in memory and language
  49. gradual onset deterioration of brain functioning, involving memory loss, inability to recognize objects or faces, and problems in planning and abstract reasning
  50. inability to recognize and name objects; may be a symptom of dementia or other brain disorders
  51. type of agnosia characterized by a person's inability to recognize even familiar faces
  52. facial agnosia
  53. disease of the cerebra cortex taht causes an atypical form of senile dementia, discovered in 1906 by German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer
    Alzheimer's disease
  54. progressive brain disorder involving loss of cognitive functioning, caused by blockage of blood flow to the brain, that appears concurrently with other neurological signs and symptoms
    vascular dementia
  55. impairment or loss of language skills resulting from brain damage caused by a stroke, Alzheimer's disease, or other illness or trauma
  56. degenerative brain disorder principally affecting motor performance, associated with reduction in dopamine, dementia may be a result as well
    Parkinson's disease
  57. Genetic disorder marked by involuntar limb movements and progressing to dementia
    Huntington's disease
  58. Rare neurological disorder that results in presenile dementia
    Pick's disease
  59. in genetics, genes that lead to neary a 100% chance of developing the accociated disorder
  60. genes that only slightly increase the risk of developing the disorder but in contrast to the deterministic genes, these are more common
  61. deterioration in the ability to transfer info from short to long term memory, in the absence of other dementia symptoms, as a result of head trauma or drug abuse
    amnestic disorder
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abnormal psychology exam 3
2012-04-26 02:58:11
abnormal psychology

abnormal psychology exam 3
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