Cosmetology:

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Anonymous
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150213
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Cosmetology:
Updated:
2012-04-25 23:15:29
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Nails Chapter 14
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Cosmetology: Nails Chapter 14
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  1. What does manicure mean?
    Hand Care
  2. What does pedicure mean?
    Foot Care
  3. What is the technical name for nail?
    Onyx
  4. What is the term for the study of nails?
    Onychology
  5. What are nails made of?
    Keratin
  6. Where does nail growth originate?
    the nail matrix
  7. How long does it take for the growth of a new nail plate?
    • 4-6 months fingersnails
    • 9-12 months toenails
  8. What is the average growing rate of nails?
    1/8'' per month
  9. What is the relationship between age and nail growth?
    Nail growth is faster in younger people.
  10. During what season do nails grow faster?
    Summer
  11. What determines the shape of nail?
    depends on the shape of the matrix
  12. What are the differences in growth and thickness between fingernails and toenails?
    Toenails are thicker than fingernails but grow more slowly
  13. What can cause nails to have discoloration or distortion?
    • Nail Injury
    • Illness
  14. When can permanent distortions to nails occur?
    Matrix Injury
  15. What is term for any disease, disorder, or condition of the nail?
    Onychosis
  16. When must a client be refused service and referred to a physician?
    When a disease is present.
  17. When can a nail service be performed on a client and with correct techniques, products and nutrition nails can improve.
    Nail condition
  18. When can a nail service be performed with care and the client may want to consult a physician?
    Nail Disorder
  19. What are the four factors of onychosis?
    • Identification
    • Etiology
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
  20. What is etiology?
    the cause of the disease, disorder or condition
  21. What are the six signs of infection?
    • Pain
    • Swelling
    • Redness
    • Local Fever
    • Throbbing
    • Pus
  22. When performing a hand and nail examination what seven things should you observe?
    • Temperature of skin
    • Skin texture/feel
    • Inflammation/redness
    • Color/condition of nail bed
    • Condition and length of free edge
    • Tenderness or stiff joints
    • Shape/thickness of nail plate
  23. Which nail disease is known as ringworm of the nail, is a fungal infection and the nail falls off?
    Onychomoycosis
  24. Which nail disease is known as ringworm of the hand, is a fungal infection and appears as rings with tiny blisters?
    Tinea Manus
  25. Which nail disease is known as "athletes foot", it is ringworm of the feet and appears as blisters/sores on the feet, with an itchy rash?
    Tinea Pedis
  26. Which nail disease is known as a bacterial infection that appears as inflammation of the skin around the nail with redness, pus, swelling in the skin folds next to the nail plate?
    Paronychia
  27. Which nail disease causes shedding of the nails, nails falling off and is disease or injury related?
    Onychoptosis
  28. Which nail disease causes inflammation of the nail matrix, usually followed by shedding of the nail plate. Appears as redness, swelling and/or pus and the nail may or may not grow back?
    Onychia
  29. Which nail disease causes nail atrophy, where the nails shrink in size and may separate from the nail bed?
    Onychatrophia
  30. Which nail disease causes loosening or separation of the nail, but the nail isn't shed, begins at free-edge progressing to the lanula?
    Onycholysis
  31. Which part of the nail extends beyond the ends of the fingers and toes?
    Free Edge
  32. Which part of the nail is the visible nail area, and made of layers?
    Nail Plate/Nail Body
  33. Which part of the nail is tracks on either side of the nail that the nail moves on as it grows?
    Nail Grooves
  34. Which part of the nail is folds of skin on either side of the nail groove?
    Nail Wall
  35. Which part of the nail is a half-moon shape at the base of the nail and shows the true color of the nail matrix?
    Lanula
  36. Which part of the nail is the active tissue that forms the natural nail?
    Nail Matrix
  37. Which part of the nail is loose, pliable, dead tissue attached to the nail plate?
    Cuticle
  38. Which part of the nail is the living skin at the base of the nail plate that overplaps the lanula?
    Eponychium
  39. Which part of the nail is attached to the matrix at the base of the nail, under the skin and inside the mantle?
    Nail Root
  40. Which part of the nail is the pocket like structure that holds the root and matrix?
    Mantle
  41. Which part of the nail is the living skin that the nail plate sits upon; blood and nerves are located here?
    Nail Bed
  42. Which part of the nail is the skin under the free edge that creates a seal under the nail plate?
    Hyponychium
  43. Which part of the nail is the skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail?
    Perionychium
  44. Are cosmetologist permitted to trim the eponychium, why or why not?
    No: because it's living skin.

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