Card Set Information
Nails Chapter 14
Cosmetology: Nails Chapter 14
What does manicure mean?
What does pedicure mean?
What is the technical name for nail?
What is the term for the study of nails?
What are nails made of?
Where does nail growth originate?
the nail matrix
How long does it take for the growth of a new nail plate?
4-6 months fingersnails
9-12 months toenails
What is the average growing rate of nails?
1/8'' per month
What is the relationship between age and nail growth?
Nail growth is faster in younger people.
During what season do nails grow faster?
What determines the shape of nail?
depends on the shape of the matrix
What are the differences in growth and thickness between fingernails and toenails?
Toenails are thicker than fingernails but grow more slowly
What can cause nails to have discoloration or distortion?
When can permanent distortions to nails occur?
What is term for any disease, disorder, or condition of the nail?
When must a client be refused service and referred to a physician?
When a disease is present.
When can a nail service be performed on a client and with correct techniques, products and nutrition nails can improve.
When can a nail service be performed with care and the client may want to consult a physician?
What are the four factors of onychosis?
What is etiology?
the cause of the disease, disorder or condition
What are the six signs of infection?
When performing a hand and nail examination what seven things should you observe?
Temperature of skin
Color/condition of nail bed
Condition and length of free edge
Tenderness or stiff joints
Shape/thickness of nail plate
Which nail disease is known as ringworm of the nail, is a fungal infection and the nail falls off?
Which nail disease is known as ringworm of the hand, is a fungal infection and appears as rings with tiny blisters?
Which nail disease is known as "athletes foot", it is ringworm of the feet and appears as blisters/sores on the feet, with an itchy rash?
Which nail disease is known as a bacterial infection that appears as inflammation of the skin around the nail with redness, pus, swelling in the skin folds next to the nail plate?
Which nail disease causes shedding of the nails, nails falling off and is disease or injury related?
Which nail disease causes inflammation of the nail matrix, usually followed by shedding of the nail plate. Appears as redness, swelling and/or pus and the nail may or may not grow back?
Which nail disease causes nail atrophy, where the nails shrink in size and may separate from the nail bed?
Which nail disease causes loosening or separation of the nail, but the nail isn't shed, begins at free-edge progressing to the lanula?
Which part of the nail extends beyond the ends of the fingers and toes?
Which part of the nail is the visible nail area, and made of layers?
Nail Plate/Nail Body
Which part of the nail is tracks on either side of the nail that the nail moves on as it grows?
Which part of the nail is folds of skin on either side of the nail groove?
Which part of the nail is a half-moon shape at the base of the nail and shows the true color of the nail matrix?
Which part of the nail is the active tissue that forms the natural nail?
Which part of the nail is loose, pliable, dead tissue attached to the nail plate?
Which part of the nail is the living skin at the base of the nail plate that overplaps the lanula?
Which part of the nail is attached to the matrix at the base of the nail, under the skin and inside the mantle?
Which part of the nail is the pocket like structure that holds the root and matrix?
Which part of the nail is the living skin that the nail plate sits upon; blood and nerves are located here?
Which part of the nail is the skin under the free edge that creates a seal under the nail plate?
Which part of the nail is the skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail?
Are cosmetologist permitted to trim the eponychium, why or why not?
No: because it's living skin.