Definitions test 1

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Definitions test 1
2012-04-27 00:09:52

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  1. Health
    absence or presence of disease, strive toward optimal functioning.
  2. Clinical model
    people viewed as phsiological systems with related functions, and health is defined by the absence of signs and symptoms of disease and injury.
  3. Systems theory
    understand biological systems and systems in families, communitites, and nursing health care.
  4. Structural functional theory
    Focuses on family structure and function. Addresses membership of the family and relationships among family members. Examines effects of interfamily relationships on the family system and effects on other systems.
  5. Erickson's theory of psychosocial development
    Based off of developmental tasks. There are 8 tasks that contribute to the way a person develops. Failure to complete a stage influences a person's ability to enter the next stage. EX. if someone has experienced past failures thy will think of themselves as a failure.
  6. Personal identity
    Conscious sense of indviduality and uniqueness that is continually evolving throughout life.
  7. Body image
    Images of physical self
  8. Role performance
    Set of expectations. Acts in comparison to the behaviors expected of that role.
  9. Nursing codes of ethics
    have the purpose of informing the public about minimum professional standards; providing a sign of the profession's commitment to the public; outlining major ethical considerations of the profession; providing ethical standards for professional behavior; guiding the profession in self-regulation; and reminding nurses of the special responsibility they assume when caring for the sick.
  10. Five American Association of Colleges of Nursing AACN essential nursing values
    • Altruism- welfare/well being of others
    • Autonomy- right to self determination
    • Human dignity- Respect for the inherent worth and uniqueness of individuals
    • Integrity- acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethics
    • Social justice- Acting in accordance with fair treatment no discrimination
  11. Six things nurses can do to clarify the clients values
    • list alternatives
    • Examine possible consequences of choices
    • choose freely
    • clarify choice
    • affirmation
    • act with a pattern
  12. Consequence based theories
    look to the outcomes of an action in judging whether that action is right or wrong.
  13. Principle based theories
    Involve logical and formal processes and emphasize individual rights, duties and obligations.
  14. relationshipship based theories
    stress courage, generosity, commitment, and the need to nurture and maintain relationships.
  15. Eight moral principles
    • Autonomy
    • Nonmaleficence
    • Beneficence
    • Justice
    • Fidelity
    • Veracity
    • Accountability
    • Responsibility
  16. Values
    enduring beliefs or attitudes about the person, object, idea or action.
  17. Tort
    A civil wrong cimmitted against a person or a person's property.
  18. Crime
    Act committed in violation of public law and punishable by a fine or imprisonment.
  19. Autonomy
    The clients right to make their own decision
  20. nonmaleficience
    to do no harm.
  21. Beneficience
    Benefit of others
  22. Justice
    fairness; when the rights of one client are being balanced against those of another client.
  23. metaparadigm
    four concepts central to nursing; client, environment, health and nursing
  24. Dorthea orem's theory
    • self care theory based on four concepts: self care, self care agency, self care requisites and therapeutic self care demand.
    • Activities an indivdual performs independently throughout life to promote and maintain personal well being.
    • According to Orem, self-care requisites (needs) are measures or actions taken that provide self-care. Universal requisites are common to all people (air, water, food, solitude, etc.); developmental requisites result from maturation (body image changes, loss of spouse); and health deviation requisites result from illness, injury, or disease/treatment (seeking health assistance, performing prescribed therapies, and adjusting to effects of illness/treatment).
  25. Betty Neuman's system model
    Neuman categorizes three types of stressors: intrapersonal (e.g., an infection); interpersonal (e.g., unrealistic role expectation); and extrapersonal (e.g., financial concerns).
  26. Parse's human becoming theory
    Parse's human becoming theory features the nurse helping individuals and families choose possibilities for changing the health process. The other answers are not part of Parse's theory.
  27. Imogene King's theory of goal attainment
    King's theory of goal attainment is based on the behavioral sciences, and includes transactions, which are defined as purposeful interactions that lead to goal attainment. The other answers are based on other theorists.
  28. Leininger's cultural care theory
    Leininger's theory is based on the phenomenon that human caring is universal but varies among cultures and is culturally derived. The other answers are not part of Leininger's theory.
  29. Jame's Watson's theory of human caring includes how many factors?
    Watson believes that the "core of nursing" involves ten carative, or nursing intervention, factors.
  30. Henderson's 14 fundamental needs
    Henderson's definition of nursing conceptualized the profession as assisting healthy and ill individuals to gain independence. Henderson defined 14 fundamental needs. the needs include: breathing normally, eating and drinking adequately, eliminating body wastes, moving and maintaining a desirable position, sleeping and resting, selecting suitable clothes, maintaining body temperature, cleanliness, avoiding environmental dangers, communicating feelings, worshipping, recreation, and learning and discovery.
  31. Evidence based practice steps
    • assess
    • locate
    • critically analyze
    • design practice change
    • implement and evaluate change
    • integrate and maintain change