Intro to Medical Science

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Author:
RMSTitanic2004
ID:
150235
Filename:
Intro to Medical Science
Updated:
2012-04-26 00:31:12
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Multiple Choice True False
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Description:
Chapters 6,7 and 10
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  1. Syncope is _____________.
    A. hypertension
    B. lightheadedness
    C. fluid retention
    D. shortness of breath
    B. lightheadedness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Diastole is the _____________.
    A. filling phase of the heart
    B. contracting phase of the heart
    C. alternation between relaxation and excitation of the heart
    D. impulse of the heart
    A. filling phse of the heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The major cholesterol carreir in the blood is ____________.
    A. LDL
    B. blood
    C. HDL
    D. triglycerides
    A. LDL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Blockage of the ____________ can reduce blood supply to the brain, causing a stroke.
    A. pulmonary artery
    B. carotid artery
    C. aorta
    D. coronary artery
    B. carotid artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The most common cause of an aortic aneurysm is _____________.
    A. enlarged artery
    B. atherosclerosis
    C. hypertension
    D. embolism
    B. artherosclerosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A procedure invovling insertion of a ballong-tipped catheter into the femoral artery to the hearts is called _________.
    A. angioplasty
    B. echocardiography
    C. defibrillator
    D. transcatheter procedure
    A. angioplasty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The mitral valve is located ___________.
    A. inthe atria
    B. between the right atrium and the right ventricle
    C. between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    D. in the ventricle
    C. between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The pacemaker of the heart is the _____________.
    A. sinoatrical node
    B. ventricle
    C. artioventricular valve
    D. His-Purkinje fibers
    A. sinoatrical node
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. An inflammatory disease of the heart muscle _____________.
    A. pericardial disease
    B. myocarditis
    C. coronary heart disease
    D. cardiomyopathy
    B. myocarditis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Rheumatic heart disease is also known as a (n) __________ disease because it resutls from a reaction between bacterial antigens and the pateint's antibodies.
    A. hemolytic
    B. autoimmune
    C. vegetative
    D. tricuspid valve
    B. autoimmune
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The most important component of red blood cells is ___________.
    A. hemoglobin
    B. folic acid
    C. vitamin b12
    D. erythropoietin
    A. hemoglobin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In anemia of chronic disease and anemia of chronic renal failure, the defect in the sythesis of red blood cells is due to a lack of _____________.
    A. iron
    B. erythropoeisis
    C. hemoglobin
    D. folic acid
    B. erythropoeisis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Pernicious anemia is due to inadequate absorption of ____________.
    A. vitamin b12
    B. erythropoietin
    C. folic acid
    D. hemoglobin
    A. vitamin b12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The minimum daily requirement of folic acid is about __________ micrograms.
    A. 50
    B. 100
    C. 200
    D. 150
    A. 50
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Disorders affecting the structure and function or production of hemoglobin are classified as _____________.
    A. folic acid deficiency anemia
    B. iron deficiency anemia
    C. hemoglobinopathy
    D. hemolytic anemia
    C. hemoglobinopathy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Deficient synthesis of one or more of the alpha or beta chains of the hemoglobin molecule is characteristic of _____________.
    A. iron deficiency
    B. thalassemia
    C. sickle cell anemia
    D. hemolytic anemia
    B. thalassemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A disease of increased viscosity of the blood with associate neurological symptoms is known as __________.
    A. sickle cell anemia
    B. thalassima
    C. polycythemia vera
    D. disseminated intravascular coagulation
    C. polycythemia vera
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ____________ is an autoimmune disorder resulting in destruction of platelets.
    A. Hemophillia A
    B. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    C. Polycythemia vera
    D. Disseminated intravascular coagulation
    B. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. ________________ is an X-linked recessive disorder that primarily affects males and results in a deficiency of clotting factor VIII.
    A. Polycythemia vera
    B. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    C. isseminated intravascular coagulation
    D. Hemophillia A
    D. Hemophillia A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. _________ is a reduction in circulating red blood cells that increases the risk for severe bacterial and fungal infections.
    A. Thrombocytopenia
    B. Hemophillia
    C. Coagulopathy
    D. Neutropenia
    D. Neutropenia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following can cause chronic uremia?
    A. complications of pregnancy
    B. severe dehydration
    C. diabetes mellitus
    D. surgical shock
    D. surgical shock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is inflammation of the kidney tissue known as?
    A. pyelonephritis
    B. diabetic nephropathy
    C. hydronephrosis
    D. polycystic kidney
    A. pyelonephritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What is inflammation restricted to the renal pelvis called?
    A. congential cystic kidney
    B. pyelitis
    C. pyelonephritis
    D. glomerulonephritis
    B. pyelitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which disease or condition features a breath odor similar to the ammonia-like odor of urine?
    A. tuberculosis
    B. pyelonephritis
    C. glomerulonephritis
    D. uremia
    D. uremia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is TRUE about urinary tract infections?
    A. usually exhibit dysuria, urgency, and frequency
    B. do not respond to antibiotic
    C. are more common in males
    D. are commonly caused by a virus
    A. usually exhibit dysuria, urgency, and frequency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which form of kidney dialysis permits a patient to retain mobility?
    A. ileal shunt
    B. hemodialysis
    C. hemolysis
    D. peritoneal dialysis
    D. peritoneal dialysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The inability to control urination is called ____________.
    A. micturition
    B. incontinence
    C. anuria
    D. nocturia
    B. incontinence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What dietary restriction helps to prevent uric acid calculi?
    a. protein
    d. dairy products
    c. pasta and citrus
    d. spinach, cabbage, and tomatoes
    a. protein
  29. What primarily causes the edema associated with nephritic syndrome?
    A. hyperalbuminuria
    B. lower GFR
    C. hypertension
    D. decreased plasma protein
    D. decreased plasma protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following includes a reduced sensitivity to ADH, incontinence, and increased urination frequency?
    A. aging
    B. stress
    C. over hydration
    D. excess nitrogen intake
    A. aging
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Calcuim (oxalate, phosphate) is the most common form of renal calculus. True or False
    True

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