Intro to Medical Science

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  1. Syncope is _____________.
    A. shortness of breath
    B. lightheadedness
    C. hypertension
    D. fluid retention
    B. lightheadedness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Diastole is the _____________.
    A. alternation between relaxation and excitation of the heart
    B. impulse of the heart
    C. contracting phase of the heart
    D. filling phase of the heart
    D. filling phse of the heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The major cholesterol carreir in the blood is ____________.
    A. triglycerides
    B. HDL
    C. LDL
    D. blood
    C. LDL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Blockage of the ____________ can reduce blood supply to the brain, causing a stroke.
    A. pulmonary artery
    B. coronary artery
    C. carotid artery
    D. aorta
    C. carotid artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The most common cause of an aortic aneurysm is _____________.
    A. enlarged artery
    B. hypertension
    C. embolism
    D. atherosclerosis
    D. artherosclerosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A procedure invovling insertion of a ballong-tipped catheter into the femoral artery to the hearts is called _________.
    A. echocardiography
    B. angioplasty
    C. transcatheter procedure
    D. defibrillator
    B. angioplasty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The mitral valve is located ___________.
    A. in the ventricle
    B. inthe atria
    C. between the right atrium and the right ventricle
    D. between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    D. between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The pacemaker of the heart is the _____________.
    A. artioventricular valve
    B. ventricle
    C. His-Purkinje fibers
    D. sinoatrical node
    D. sinoatrical node
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. An inflammatory disease of the heart muscle _____________.
    A. coronary heart disease
    B. cardiomyopathy
    C. pericardial disease
    D. myocarditis
    D. myocarditis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Rheumatic heart disease is also known as a (n) __________ disease because it resutls from a reaction between bacterial antigens and the pateint's antibodies.
    A. hemolytic
    B. tricuspid valve
    C. vegetative
    D. autoimmune
    D. autoimmune
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The most important component of red blood cells is ___________.
    A. vitamin b12
    B. hemoglobin
    C. erythropoietin
    D. folic acid
    B. hemoglobin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In anemia of chronic disease and anemia of chronic renal failure, the defect in the sythesis of red blood cells is due to a lack of _____________.
    A. folic acid
    B. erythropoeisis
    C. hemoglobin
    D. iron
    B. erythropoeisis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Pernicious anemia is due to inadequate absorption of ____________.
    A. vitamin b12
    B. folic acid
    C. erythropoietin
    D. hemoglobin
    A. vitamin b12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The minimum daily requirement of folic acid is about __________ micrograms.
    A. 150
    B. 100
    C. 200
    D. 50
    D. 50
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Disorders affecting the structure and function or production of hemoglobin are classified as _____________.
    A. hemolytic anemia
    B. iron deficiency anemia
    C. folic acid deficiency anemia
    D. hemoglobinopathy
    D. hemoglobinopathy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Deficient synthesis of one or more of the alpha or beta chains of the hemoglobin molecule is characteristic of _____________.
    A. sickle cell anemia
    B. hemolytic anemia
    C. thalassemia
    D. iron deficiency
    C. thalassemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A disease of increased viscosity of the blood with associate neurological symptoms is known as __________.
    A. sickle cell anemia
    B. polycythemia vera
    C. disseminated intravascular coagulation
    D. thalassima
    B. polycythemia vera
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ____________ is an autoimmune disorder resulting in destruction of platelets.
    A. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    B. Hemophillia A
    C. Disseminated intravascular coagulation
    D. Polycythemia vera
    A. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. ________________ is an X-linked recessive disorder that primarily affects males and results in a deficiency of clotting factor VIII.
    A. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    B. Hemophillia A
    C. isseminated intravascular coagulation
    D. Polycythemia vera
    B. Hemophillia A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. _________ is a reduction in circulating red blood cells that increases the risk for severe bacterial and fungal infections.
    A. Coagulopathy
    B. Neutropenia
    C. Thrombocytopenia
    D. Hemophillia
    B. Neutropenia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following can cause chronic uremia?
    A. surgical shock
    B. diabetes mellitus
    C. severe dehydration
    D. complications of pregnancy
    A. surgical shock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is inflammation of the kidney tissue known as?
    A. diabetic nephropathy
    B. pyelonephritis
    C. hydronephrosis
    D. polycystic kidney
    B. pyelonephritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What is inflammation restricted to the renal pelvis called?
    A. glomerulonephritis
    B. pyelitis
    C. pyelonephritis
    D. congential cystic kidney
    B. pyelitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which disease or condition features a breath odor similar to the ammonia-like odor of urine?
    A. tuberculosis
    B. glomerulonephritis
    C. uremia
    D. pyelonephritis
    C. uremia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is TRUE about urinary tract infections?
    A. usually exhibit dysuria, urgency, and frequency
    B. are more common in males
    C. do not respond to antibiotic
    D. are commonly caused by a virus
    A. usually exhibit dysuria, urgency, and frequency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which form of kidney dialysis permits a patient to retain mobility?
    A. hemodialysis
    B. ileal shunt
    C. hemolysis
    D. peritoneal dialysis
    D. peritoneal dialysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The inability to control urination is called ____________.
    A. micturition
    B. incontinence
    C. anuria
    D. nocturia
    B. incontinence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What dietary restriction helps to prevent uric acid calculi?
    a. protein
    d. dairy products
    c. pasta and citrus
    d. spinach, cabbage, and tomatoes
    a. protein
  29. What primarily causes the edema associated with nephritic syndrome?
    A. hyperalbuminuria
    B. lower GFR
    C. hypertension
    D. decreased plasma protein
    D. decreased plasma protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following includes a reduced sensitivity to ADH, incontinence, and increased urination frequency?
    A. over hydration
    B. excess nitrogen intake
    C. aging
    D. stress
    C. aging
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Calcuim (oxalate, phosphate) is the most common form of renal calculus. True or False
    True
Author
ID
150235
Card Set
Intro to Medical Science
Description
Chapters 6,7 and 10
Updated
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