Athletic Training

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Athletic Training
2012-04-26 01:58:52

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  1. pharmacology
    the study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms
  2. drug
    a chemical agent used in the prevention, treatment, or diagnosis of disease
  3. pharmacokinetics
    the method by which drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated
  4. Internal Administration
    • inhalation
    • intradermal or subcutaneous
    • intravenous injection
    • oral
  5. External Administration
    • ointments
    • pastes
    • plasters
    • transdermal patches
  6. Drug vehicle
    drug housed in either solid or liquid
  7. bioavailability
    how completely a particular durg is absorbed by the system
  8. efficacy
    a drug's capability of producing a specific therapeutic effect
  9. potency
    the dose of a drug required to produce a desired therapeutic effect
  10. metabolism
    changing a drug into a water-soluble compound that can be excreted
  11. biotransformation
    transforming a drug so that it can be metabolized
  12. excretion
    controlled and filtered by kidneys
  13. drug half-life
    • rate at which drug disappears from body, through metabolism or excretion or both
    • measured in hours
  14. Administration vs Dispensing
    • dispensing prescription drugs is illegal
    • AT's can administer over-the-counter meds
  15. Drugs used to combat infection?
    • local antiseptics and disinfectants- alcohol
    • antifungal agents- terbinafine (Lamisil)
    • antibiotics- penicillin
  16. Drugs that inhibit pain & inflammation
    • pain relievers
    • counterirritants-spray coolants, alcohol, cold
    • narcotic analgesics- codeine, morphine
    • non-narcotic analgesics- acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  17. Drugs to reduce inflammation
    • acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
    • NSAIDs
    • corticosteroids
  18. Ergogenic aids
    any method, legal or illegal used to enhance athletic performance
  19. Psychological vs physical dependence
    • psychological- drive to repeat ingestion of drug
    • physical- develops tolerance and faces withdrawal when removed
  20. Drug testing in athletes
    • 1968 - the Olympic Games
    • 1985 - USOC began testing in national and international competitions
    • January 1986 - NCAA voted for mandatory random drug tests
  21. Sanctions for positive test
    • first time: 1 year suspension, athlete tested at anytime during year
    • second time: lifetime disqualification