Athletic Training

Card Set Information

Author:
wssokol
ID:
150260
Filename:
Athletic Training
Updated:
2012-04-26 03:49:27
Tags:
Additional Health Concerns
Folders:

Description:
Additional Health Concerns
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user wssokol on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. How does illness result?
    when immune system does not neutralize foreign substances (antigens)
  2. Rhinovirus
    • common cold
    • begins scratchy throat, stuffed-up nose, water discharge and sneezing
    • second batch produce thick yellow nasal discharge, watering eyes, mild fever, malaise, myalgia
    • colds meds, balanced diet, 65 oz of water
  3. Influenza
    • flu
    • fever, chills, malaise, weakness, sweating, fatigue
    • bed rest and supportive care
  4. Infectious mononucleosis
    • Epstein-Barr virus (member of herpes group), transmitted through saliva
    • first 3-5 days: severe fatigue, loss of appetite
    • 5-15 days: fever, swollen lymph nodes
    • supportive symptomatic treatment, acetaminophen
  5. Sinusitis
    • upper respiratory infection
    • nasal mucous swell and block ostium of paranasal sinus
    • headache and malaise, purulent nasal discharge
    • antibiotics, steam inhalation, nasal sprays
  6. Pharyngitis
    • sore throat
    • pain with swallowing, fever, inflamed and swollen glands, malaise
    • throat culture, topical gargles, rest, antibiotics
  7. Acute Bronchitis
    • infectious winter disease that follows common cold
    • fever last 3-5 days, cough 2-3 weeks
    • nasal inflammation, slight fever, sore throat, back muscle pain
    • avoid cold environments, rest, drink water
  8. Pneumonia
    • infection of alveoli and bronchioles from viral, bacterial or fungal microorganisms
    • high fever, chills, pain on inspiration, coughing
    • antibiotics, perform deep breathing exercises
  9. Bronchial Asthma
    • caused by viral respiratory tract infection, emotional upset, exercise, exposure to allergen
    • difficulty breathing, may cause hyperventilation resulting in dizziness, coughing, shortness of breath and fatigue
    • regular exercise, appropriate warm up and cool down, inhaler
  10. Viral Infections
    • Rhinovirus (common cold)
    • Influenza (flu)
    • Infectious Mononucleosis (mono)
    • Rubeola (measles)
    • Parotitis (mumps)
  11. Respiratory Conditions
    • Tonsilitis
    • Seasonal Atopic (Allergic) Rhinitis
    • Pharyngitis (sore throat)
    • Acute Bronchitis
    • Pneumonia
    • Bronchial Asthma
  12. Seasonal Atopic (Allergic) Rhinitis
    • hay fever, pollinosis from airborne pollens
    • eyes, throat, mouth and nose itch, watering eyes, sneezing, sinus type headache, difficulty sleeping, swollen eyes
    • oral antihistamines and decongestants
  13. Nervous System
    • Meningitis
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Amyotropic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  14. Meningitis
    • inflammation of meninges surrounding spinal cord & brain
    • high fever, stiff neck, intense headache, sensitive to light and sound
    • progress to vomiting, convulsions, coma
    • cerebrospinal fluid must be analyzed, isolated for 24 hours, antibiotics
  15. Multiple Sclerosis
    • causes deterioration and damage to myelin sheath, disrupting nerve conduction
    • blurred vision, speech deficits, muscle weakness, tremor spasticity, neurotic behavior, mood swings
    • avoid over exertion, extreme temperatures, exercise, drugs
  16. Amyotropic Lateral Disease
    • Lou Gehrig's Disease
    • sclerosis of lateral regions of spinal cord along degeneration of motor neurons and significant atrophy
    • difficulty in speaking, swallowing and use of hands
    • sensory and intellectual function remain intact, rapid progression of atrophy resulting in paralysis
    • no cure
  17. Blood and Lymph Disorders
    • Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • Runners Anemia (hemolysis)
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Hemophilia
  18. Sickle Cell Anemia
    • hereditary hemolytic anemia - RBC's are sickle or crescent shaped (irregular hemoglobin)
    • less ability to carry oxygen, limited ability to pass through vessels causing clogging of vessels
    • fever, muscle weakness, pain in limbs, spleen pain
    • anticoagulants and analgesics for pain
  19. Diabetes Mellitus
    • Type I (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus)
    • Type II (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus)
  20. anemia
    lack of iron
  21. The Female Athlete Triad
    relationship between disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview