Athletic Training

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Athletic Training
2012-04-26 03:49:27
Additional Health Concerns

Additional Health Concerns
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  1. How does illness result?
    when immune system does not neutralize foreign substances (antigens)
  2. Rhinovirus
    • common cold
    • begins scratchy throat, stuffed-up nose, water discharge and sneezing
    • second batch produce thick yellow nasal discharge, watering eyes, mild fever, malaise, myalgia
    • colds meds, balanced diet, 65 oz of water
  3. Influenza
    • flu
    • fever, chills, malaise, weakness, sweating, fatigue
    • bed rest and supportive care
  4. Infectious mononucleosis
    • Epstein-Barr virus (member of herpes group), transmitted through saliva
    • first 3-5 days: severe fatigue, loss of appetite
    • 5-15 days: fever, swollen lymph nodes
    • supportive symptomatic treatment, acetaminophen
  5. Sinusitis
    • upper respiratory infection
    • nasal mucous swell and block ostium of paranasal sinus
    • headache and malaise, purulent nasal discharge
    • antibiotics, steam inhalation, nasal sprays
  6. Pharyngitis
    • sore throat
    • pain with swallowing, fever, inflamed and swollen glands, malaise
    • throat culture, topical gargles, rest, antibiotics
  7. Acute Bronchitis
    • infectious winter disease that follows common cold
    • fever last 3-5 days, cough 2-3 weeks
    • nasal inflammation, slight fever, sore throat, back muscle pain
    • avoid cold environments, rest, drink water
  8. Pneumonia
    • infection of alveoli and bronchioles from viral, bacterial or fungal microorganisms
    • high fever, chills, pain on inspiration, coughing
    • antibiotics, perform deep breathing exercises
  9. Bronchial Asthma
    • caused by viral respiratory tract infection, emotional upset, exercise, exposure to allergen
    • difficulty breathing, may cause hyperventilation resulting in dizziness, coughing, shortness of breath and fatigue
    • regular exercise, appropriate warm up and cool down, inhaler
  10. Viral Infections
    • Rhinovirus (common cold)
    • Influenza (flu)
    • Infectious Mononucleosis (mono)
    • Rubeola (measles)
    • Parotitis (mumps)
  11. Respiratory Conditions
    • Tonsilitis
    • Seasonal Atopic (Allergic) Rhinitis
    • Pharyngitis (sore throat)
    • Acute Bronchitis
    • Pneumonia
    • Bronchial Asthma
  12. Seasonal Atopic (Allergic) Rhinitis
    • hay fever, pollinosis from airborne pollens
    • eyes, throat, mouth and nose itch, watering eyes, sneezing, sinus type headache, difficulty sleeping, swollen eyes
    • oral antihistamines and decongestants
  13. Nervous System
    • Meningitis
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Amyotropic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  14. Meningitis
    • inflammation of meninges surrounding spinal cord & brain
    • high fever, stiff neck, intense headache, sensitive to light and sound
    • progress to vomiting, convulsions, coma
    • cerebrospinal fluid must be analyzed, isolated for 24 hours, antibiotics
  15. Multiple Sclerosis
    • causes deterioration and damage to myelin sheath, disrupting nerve conduction
    • blurred vision, speech deficits, muscle weakness, tremor spasticity, neurotic behavior, mood swings
    • avoid over exertion, extreme temperatures, exercise, drugs
  16. Amyotropic Lateral Disease
    • Lou Gehrig's Disease
    • sclerosis of lateral regions of spinal cord along degeneration of motor neurons and significant atrophy
    • difficulty in speaking, swallowing and use of hands
    • sensory and intellectual function remain intact, rapid progression of atrophy resulting in paralysis
    • no cure
  17. Blood and Lymph Disorders
    • Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • Runners Anemia (hemolysis)
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Hemophilia
  18. Sickle Cell Anemia
    • hereditary hemolytic anemia - RBC's are sickle or crescent shaped (irregular hemoglobin)
    • less ability to carry oxygen, limited ability to pass through vessels causing clogging of vessels
    • fever, muscle weakness, pain in limbs, spleen pain
    • anticoagulants and analgesics for pain
  19. Diabetes Mellitus
    • Type I (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus)
    • Type II (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus)
  20. anemia
    lack of iron
  21. The Female Athlete Triad
    relationship between disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis