BIO40C Lab Quiz 1

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BIO40C Lab Quiz 1
2012-04-26 14:28:51
Digestive System Anatomy

Digestive System Anatomy GI
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  1. # of layers in the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine:
  2. Name the 4 basic layers of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine:
    mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa
  3. Identify this slide:
  4. Identify this slide:
  5. Identify this slide:
    small intestine
  6. epithelium of esophagus
    non-keratinized stratified squamous
  7. epithelium of the stomach
    simple columnar
  8. epithelium of small intestine
    simple columnar
  9. type of muscle in muscularis layer of esophagus
  10. type of muscle in muscularis layer of stomach
    smooth muscle
  11. type of muscle in muscularis layer of small intestine
    smooth muscle
  12. Label the glands:
    • 1: parotid
    • 2: submandibular
    • 3: sublingual
  13. glands of stomach/small intestine
    gastric glands
  14. secretory cells of gastric glands:
    mucous neck cells, parietal cells, chief cells
  15. What to mucous neck cells secrete:
  16. What do parietal cells secrete?
    HCl & intrinsic factor
  17. What do chief cells secrete?
    pepsinogen & gastric lipase
  18. Label the boxes:
  19. What is the name for the squamous epithelial layer of the serosa?
  20. Label the boxes:
  21. 3 functions of the tongue:
    • 1: maneuver food
    • 2: speech, swallowing
    • 3: taste
  22. Function of salivary glands:
    moisten food, initiate digestion of carbs & lipids
  23. Tissue present in submucosa
    areolar connective tissue
  24. Tissue present in muscularis
    smooth muscle
  25. types of teeth
    incisors, cuspids, premolars, molars
  26. function of incisors
  27. function of cuspids
  28. function of premolars/molars
    crush & grind
  29. dental formula for deciduous teeth
    • Upper: 2incisors+1cuspid+0premolars+2molars
    • Lower: 2 incisors+1cuspid+0premolars+2molars x 2 = 20
  30. dental formula for permanent teeth
    • Upper: 2incisors+1cuspid+2premolars+3molars
    • Lower: 2 incisors+1cuspid+2premolars+3molars x 2 = 32
  31. location of pancreas
    posterior to stomach
  32. exocrine portion of pancreas
  33. endocrine portion of pancreas
    pancreatic islets
  34. hormones/enzymessecreted by acini
    trypsin, pancreatic amylase, elastase, pancreatic lipase
  35. homones secreted by islets
    glucagon, insulin
  36. connects pancreas to common bile duct
    pancreatic duct
  37. Label the boxes:
  38. name the 4 lobes of the liver
    left, right, quadrate, caudate
  39. Locate and name the lobes of the liver:
    • 59: right lobe
    • 60: left lobe
    • 61: caudate lobe
    • 62: quadrate lobe
  40. Name A, B, C
    • A: portal vein
    • B: bile duct
    • C: hepatic artery
  41. Locate: hepatocytes, Kupffer cells, sinusoid, hepatic artery, bile duct
  42. function of the gall bladder
    concentrate & store bile
  43. what secretes bile
  44. What component of bile aides in fat digestion?
    bile salts
  45. location of gall bladder
    below liver, above pancreas
  46. Optimal T for digestive enzyme activity?
  47. Where is pepsin produced?
    in stomach (as pepsinogen)
  48. What does pepsin digest?
  49. What cells secrete pepsinogen?
    chief cells
  50. optimal pH for pepsin activity
  51. Where is amylase produced?
    salivary glands & exocrine pancreas
  52. What does amylase digest?
  53. cells in small intestine mucosa
    Paneth cells, goblet cells
  54. first part of the large intestine
  55. 3 bands of smooth muscle along large intestine
    teniae coli
  56. bulges caused by contraction of teniae coli
  57. small fat accumulations on the viscera of the large intestine
    epiploic appendages
  58. Label:
  59. Label:
  60. movement through large intestine achieved by...
    haustral churning
  61. binds liver to anterior abdominal wall
    falciform ligament
  62. last