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2010-04-18 09:55:42
PSY101 adult development ch8 adolescent

Adolescent & adult development
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  1. A period of rapid skeletal and sexual maturation that occurs mainly in early adolescence
  2. Hormonal changes in puberty focus on the earlier development of the___, (emotion) and the later development of the ________, (reasoning and decision making)
    amygdala and prefrontal cortex
  3. Adolescent belief that others are as preoccupied with the adolescent as he or she is, that one is unique, and that one is invincible
  4. EE's theory (stage 5) when adolescents face the challenges of finding out who they are
    Identity versus identity confusion.
  5. James Marcia's concept to describe a person's position in the development of an identity.
    identity status
  6. Jame's Marcia considers two dimensions of identity important.
    Exploration and commitments
  7. Identifying in some ways with their ethnic minority group and in other ways with the majority culture
  8. Transitional period from adolescence to adulthood
    Emerging adulthood
  9. Arnett re: emerging adulthood – Identity _________ esp in love and work
  10. Arnett re: emerging adulthood – Residential changes peak, change in love, work, education
  11. Arnett re: emerging adulthood – few social obligations or duties and commitments to others
  12. Arnett re: emerging adulthood – consider themselves neither adolescents nor full-fledged adults
    Feeling “in-between”
  13. Arnett re: emerging adulthood – optimism or had difficult times growing up
    Age of possibilities
  14. Describes the number of years that the average person born in a particular year will probably live.
    Life expectancy
  15. Hayflick's (1977) view that cells can divide a maximum of about 100 times a
    The cellular-clock theory
  16. Each time a cell divides, the________ that protect the ends of chromosomes become shorter and shorter
  17. Researchers have recently discovered that adults can/can't grow new brain cells throughout life
  18. 2 areas brain cells grow throughout life:
    hippocampus and the olfactory bulb
  19. Specialization of function in one hemisphere of the brain or the other.
  20. Prefrontal cortex is lateralized ____ in older adults than in younger adults when engaged in cognitive tasks
  21. Individual's accumulated information and verbal skills
  22. The ability to reason abstractly
    Fluid intelligence,
  23. __________ intelligence is higher in middle adulthood compared to early adulthood
  24. ___________ intelligence is higher in early adulthood compared to middle adulthood
  25. Differences between individuals that stem from historical and social time period in which they were born & not from their ages
    Cohort effects
  26. When the speed of processing information is involved, older adults do _____ than their younger counterparts
    more poorly
  27. Older adults do not remember the _______ of life's happenings as well as younger adults
    “where” and “when”
  28. Expert knowledge about the practical aspects of life
  29. Stage six in early adulthood, facing the developmental task of whether to form intimate relationships with others
    Intimacy versus isolation
  30. EE's seventh stage, in middle adulthood, concern to help the younger generation in developing useful lives
    Generativity versus stagnation
  31. EE's eighth stage, occurs in late adulthood: look back and evaluate what we have done with our lives.
    Integrity versus despair,
  32. Four principles at work in successful marriages:
    Nurturing fondness and admiration, Turning toward each other as friends, Giving up some power, solving conflicts together