Behavioral Drugs

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Behavioral Drugs
2012-04-26 19:07:01

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  1. List 6 classes of behavioral drugs.
    • sedatives and tranquilizers
    • anticonvulsant drugs
    • progestin drugs
    • stimulatns
    • antidepressants
    • miscellaneous
  2. How can sedatives and tranquilizers be useful in behavior therapy?
    by calming the patient, by reducing the patient's spontaneous activity, and decreasing the patient's response to stimuli
  3. List 2 specific tranquilizers used for behavior therapy.
    • acepromazine
    • diazepam - Valium
  4. Which tranquilizer is safer for long-term use - acepromazine or diazepam - Valium?
  5. Which is an "anxiolytic" drug - ace or diazepam?
  6. Give an example of seizure-related behavioral problems in dogs
    idiopathic aggression in dogs
  7. List 2 examples of anti-seizure drugs.
    phenobarbital, phenytoin - Dilantin
  8. Are progestin drugs commonly used now for behavior problems? Explain.
    no - they can cause undesirable side effects - obesity, cancer
  9. List some problems that progestin drugs may be used to treat.
    undesirable male behavior - roaming, mounting, aggression
  10. List 2 specific progestin drugs.
    • megestrol acetate - Ovaban
    • medroxyprogesterone acetate - Depo - Provera
  11. Stimulants are used to treat what kind of behavior problem in human children?
  12. Is true hyperactivity common in dogs?
    no - however, healthy dogs full of energy who do not get enough exercise are common - owner creaed problem
  13. List 2 specific stimulant drugs.
    • amphetamines
    • methylphenidate - Ritalin
  14. List the 3 classes of antidepressant drugs.
    • monoamine oxidase inhibitors
    • tricyclic antidepressants
    • selective serotonin uptake inhibitors - SSRI
  15. What is monoamine oxidase (MAO)?
    an enzyme that breaks up certain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin
  16. WHat is monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MOAI)?
    a drug that inhibits the activity of monoamine oxidase.
  17. What is the result of administering monoamine oxidase inhibitor to a patient?
    increases dopamine, catecholamine, and serotonin levels in the brain, results in mood elevation
  18. Do monoamine oxidase inhibitors have many interactions with other drugs?
  19. List 2 monoamine oxidase inhibitor drugs used in animals.
    • selegiline - Anipryl
    • amitraz - Mitaban - Preventic Tick Collar
  20. Name the monoamine oxidase inhibitor drug used for behavior purposes in animals.
    selegiline - Anipryl
  21. Name the monoamine oxidase inhibitor drug used for antiparasitic purposes in animals.
    amitraz - Mitaban - Preventic Tick Colalr
  22. What condition is selegiline - Anipryl used to treat?
    CDS - Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome
  23. What is CDS - cognitive dysfunction syndrome?
    "doggy Alzheimers" - old age deterioration of cognitive abilies not proven to be due to any other causes
  24. What does "cognitive" mean?
    the ability to be aware, know, think, learn, remember
  25. List the clinical signs of CDS.
    • disorientation
    • decreased activity level
    • abnormal sleep/wake cycles
    • loss of housetraining
    • decreased or altered responsiveness to family members
    • decreased or altered greeting behavior
  26. How is CDS diagnosed?
    by exclusion - not able to diagnose anything else afer doing full diagnostic workup
  27. Does selegiline - Anipryl have any interactions with other drugs?
  28. What are tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) used for in people?
    counteract depression
  29. What are tricyclic antidepressants used for in animals?
    treat compulsive behavior disorders, psychodermatoses.
  30. How do tricyclic antidepressants work?
    decrease re-uptake of serotonin, block re-uptake of norepinephrine
  31. List 3 specific tricyclic antidepressant drugs.
    • clomipramine - Clomicalm
    • amitriptyline - Elavil
    • imipramine - Tofranil
  32. What 2 main conditions is clomipramine - Clomicalm used to treat?
    • separation anxiety
    • obsessive - compulsive disorder
  33. List the clinical signs of separation anxiety,
    • inappropriate barking or destructive behavior
    • inapproprate elimination
  34. What tricyclic antidepressant drug can be used to treat inappropriate spraying inca ts, excessive grooming in cats, and feather plucking in birds?
    amitriptyline - Elavil
  35. How do selective serotonin uptake inhibitor drugs (SSRIs) work?
    by making more serotonin available
  36. Name 1 selective serotonin uptake inhibitor.
    fluoxetine - Prozac
  37. What conditions can fluoxetine - Prozac used to treat?
    • obsessive - compulsive disorders
    • anxiety
    • aggression
  38. List the 2 drugs categorized as miscellaneous in this class.
    • cyproheptadine
    • buspirone
  39. What behavioral conditions can cyproheptadine be used to treat?
    life-long urine spraying in cats
  40. List 2 behavioral drugs discussed in this class that should not be used in patients with a history of seizures.
    • acepromazine
    • Clomicalm - Clomipramine
  41. List 2 behavior drugs discussed in this class that are considered to be "anxiolytics"
    • diazepam - Valium
    • buspirone