Pathology Final

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Pathology Final
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2012-06-02 23:50:05
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  1. the study of changes of structure & function of the tissues of the body as a result of disease
    pathology
  2. that branch of pathology dealing with the body as a whole, without regard to any particular organ or system
    general pathology
  3. the division of pathology that deals with individual body organs or systems is
    special pathology
  4. that branch of pathology dealing with the various laboratory test on body fluids & tissues that are used in making a diagnosis is
    clinical pathology
  5. the divisions of pathology that deals with tissues that have been removed from a patient during surgery is called ______ pathology
    surgical
  6. the expulsion of blood of a gastric origin from the mouth is
    hematemesis
  7. conditions that make a body more susceptible to disease without actually causing it are called
    predispisoing conditions
  8. coal dust deposited in the lungs of miners would be an example of a _____ disease
    occupational
  9. the formation of pus is a process called
    suppuration
  10. the pathological term for a boil is
    furnucle
  11. a term that represents a common complication of healing is
    adhesions
  12. the replacement of destroyed tissue with the exact same kind of tissue is a process called
    regeneration
  13. a controlled enlargement of a body organ or part due to an increase in the number of its component cells describes
    hyperplasia
  14. acute diffuse inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue describes
    phlegmon
  15. the escape of blood from the vascular system is called
    hemorrhage
  16. more than the normal total volume of blood in the body is a condition known as
    plethora
  17. a blood clot that has formed within the heart or a blood vessel during life is referred to as
    thrombus
  18. decreased blood flow to a body part is a condition called
    ischemia
  19. an embolus may consist of
    • 1. fragments of thrombi
    • 2. bacteria
    • 3. tumor cells
  20. a general term used to designate the state of collapse that follows severe tissue injury is
    circulatory shock
  21. an area of necrotic tissue that results from a faulty blood supply to the area is called an
    infarct
  22. melanin bears a relationship to
    endogenous pigmentation
  23. an exciting cause of disease
    is an actual cause
  24. which of the following may be considered a predisposing factor of disease
    race
  25. shrinkage of muscle follow paralysis is an example of
    pathological atrophy
  26. shrinkage of the uterus after menopause is called
    physiological atrophy
  27. enlargment of the heart to offset a valvular defect is
    pathological hypertrophy
  28. enlargement of the breast during lactatio is
    physiological hypertrophy
  29. the action of gastro-intestinal secretions upon blood in the digestrive tract causes the formation of very dark, tarry feces or vomitus known as
    melena
  30. which of the following pathological conditions has a protective function
    inflammation
  31. an abnormal channel connecting two surfaces is called an
    fistula
  32. an area of necrosis in which dead cells are sloughed from a free surface is called
    ulcer
  33. generalized edema of the subcutaneous tissue is called
    anasarca
  34. accumulation of blood in a part due to venous obstruction is called
    passive hyperemia
  35. increased arterial circulation leading to congestion of blood is called
    active hyperemia
  36. arterial thrombosis may cause
    ischemia
  37. venous thrombosis may cause
    gangrene
  38. which of the following predisposes to thrombosis
    • 1. disease of the blood vessels
    • 2. sluggish circulation
    • 3. increased viscosity of the blood
  39. formation of a blood clot attached to the wall of the heart or blood vessel is called
    thrombosis
  40. a foregin particle that becomes lodged in a blood vessel is called an
    embolus
  41. what condition may result from embolism
    gangrene
  42. a mass of nectrotic tissue that results from circulatory obstruction is called an
    infarct
  43. a blood discoloration of the tissue in a bruise is called an
    ecchymosis
  44. the branch of pathology concerned with accidents & homicides is called
    medico-legal pathology
  45. the identification of a disease is called
    diagnosis
  46. the prediction of the probably outcome of a disease is called
    prognosis
  47. a disease having a slow onset & long duration is referred to as
    chronic
  48. a disease having a sudden onset & short duration is referred to as
    acute
  49. a localized collection of pus in any body part, resulting from an invasion of pus-forming bacteria is called an
    abscess
  50. a blister-like structure that contains a serous fluid is called an
    vesicle
  51. a free-flowing particle in the blood is called
    embolus
  52. blood in the sputum is referred to as
    hemoptysis
  53. the technical term for "nose bleed" is
    epistaxis
  54. the increase in the size of te cells of an organ is
    hypertrophy
  55. the reaction of tissue to an irritant is called
    inflammation
  56. deficiency of blood in part of the body is known as
    ischemia
  57. any structural change that occurs in a disease is a
    lesion
  58. of the following body organs, the one mainly involved in pneumoconiosis is the
    lung
  59. death of a localized area of tissue is a condition known as
    necrosis
  60. replacement of dead tissue cells with connective tissue cells is a process called
    repair
  61. blockage of a blood vessel by some foreign object floating to the site in the blood stream is called
    embolism
  62. of the following locations, thrombi would likely be found in the
    heart
  63. of the following pathological conditions, the one that is most likely associated with infarction is
    ischemia
  64. the termination of an inflammatory reaction with the return to normal of the body part would be called
    resolution
  65. a circumscribed collection of pus surrounded by a wall of inflammatory tissue designates an
    abscess
  66. the replacement of destroyed tissue with connective tissue is called
    repair
  67. the union of two or more adjacent boils result in an inflammatory lesion that is called an
    carbuncle
  68. the thick liquid that collects around an infection site is called
    exudate
  69. antibodies are to be found in the
    blood
  70. a gumma is a lesion of
    syphilis
  71. of the following neoplasms, the one most likely to cause death is
    melanoma
  72. a disorder that does not primarily involve the blood is
    hypertrophy
  73. a marked increase in the number of red blood cells is a condition referred to as
    erythorocytosis
  74. a malignant tumor of epithelial tissue is called an
    epithelioma
  75. a myocardial infarction is a likely after-effect of
    coronary thrombosis
  76. a benign tumor of muscle tissue is called
    myoma
  77. it is characteristic of lukemia to be accompanied by a massive proliferation of
    leukocytes
  78. a nevus is
    commonly referred to as a mole
  79. a form of anemia that develops as a complication of another disease such as hemorrhage is identified by the term
    secondary
  80. a disorder believed to develop as an after effect of a severe streptococcal infection is
    rheumatic heart disease
  81. of the following neoplasms, the one that is benign & composed of a mass of minute blood vessels or lymph vessels is
    an angioma
  82. valvular insufficency is a commonly found disorder affecting the
    heart
  83. occulusion of an artery is a condition likely to lead to
    infarction
  84. of the following neoplasms, the one that is malignant & composed of blood vessels is called
    hemangiosarcoma
  85. a marked decrease in the number of leukocytes in the blood is referred to as
    leukopenia
  86. of the following disorders, the one with the highest incidence of fatality is
    leukima
  87. myocarditis is a disease that primarily involves the
    heart
  88. a neoplasm that is malignant & pigmented is a
    melanoma
  89. arteriosclerosis is a disease primarily involving the
    circulatory system
  90. aneurysms are primarily involving
    arteries
  91. of the following tumors, the one that is a cancer is a
    fibrosarcoma
  92. a pathological condition primarily associated with arteries is
    infarction
  93. a benign tumor commonly found on mucous membranes is
    a polyp
  94. of the following body fluids, the one bearing the closest relationship to hemophilia is
    blood
  95. endocarditis is inflammation of the
    inner tunic of the heart
  96. a fibrosarcoma is a
    malignant tumor of fibrous connective tissue
  97. of the following conditions, the one that is a common heart disorder is
    hypertrophy
  98. inflammation of a vein is a condition called
    phlebitis
  99. of the following neoplasms, the one that is a malignancy composed of the epithelial tissue of a gland is
    an adenocarcinoma
  100. a condition that is a hematopoietic disorder is
    leukemia
  101. a neuroma is
    benign tumor of nervous tissue
  102. a dificiency of red blood cells or a dificency of hemoglobin is a condition referred to as
    anemia
  103. a body organ frequently affected by valvular stenosis is the
    kidney
  104. of the following neoplasms, the one that is a malignant tumor composed of a mass of minute lymph vessels is a
    lymphangiosarcoma
  105. leukocytosis is a condition that
    may be physiological or pathological
  106. pancarditis is a diesase primarily involving the
    heart
  107. arteriosclerosis involving the cerbral arteries may be expected to lead to
    cerebral hemorrhage
  108. of the following neoplasms, the one that is benign is
    osteoma
  109. a circulatory disorder that is often found to occur as an after-effect of a diseased heart valve is
    embolism
  110. a malignant neoplasm of bone tissue is called
    osteosarcoma
  111. the body fluid most closely associated wit thrombopenia is
    blood
  112. a malignant neoplasm composed of fatty connective tissue is called
    liposarcoma
  113. hemorrhoids is a condition primarily involvin
    veins
  114. the disease sometimes referred to as "cancer of the blood" is known as
    leukemia
  115. blockage of a coronary artery is likely to lead to
    myocardial infarction
  116. thickening of the tunica intima of the arteries due to deposits of a fatty substance in them suggets a disease called
    atherosclerosis
  117. which of the following would be classified as potentially harmful occupational enviornments, which might predispose the worker to certain respiratory illnesses
    • 1. coal mining & sandblasting
    • 2. asbestos removal & auto body repair
    • 3. cement manufacturing & raw cotton processing
  118. the form of anemia that is due to malfunction of the hematopoietic tissue is identified by the term
    primary
  119. inflammation of the stomach is called
    gastritis
  120. the narrowing of the esophagus is called
    stenosis
  121. inflammation of the liver is called
    hepatits
  122. complete urinary suppression is called
    anuria
  123. a collection of urine in the kidney pelvis is known as
    hydronephrosis
  124. inflammation of the structure that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is called
    ureteritis
  125. a chronic condition of the lungs caused by the inhalation of dust particles is known as
    pneumoconiosis
  126. the granulomatous lesion of tuberculosis is the
    tubercle
  127. inflammation of the nasal mucosa is called
    rhinitis
  128. a condition involving sugar in the urine is called
    glycosuria
  129. calculi that form within the kidney are called
    renal calculi
  130. inflammation of the pancreas is called
    pancreatitis
  131. pus in the pleural cavity is called
    empyema
  132. inflammation of the lining of the abdomen is called
    peritonitis
  133. a torn wound is referred to as a
    laceration
  134. inflammation of a nerve is known as
    neuritis
  135. accumulation of fluid in the cranial cavity is known as
    hydrocephalus
  136. inflammation of the membrane that surround the brain is called
    meningitis
  137. which of the following are malignant tumors
    • 1. liposarcoma & lymphoma
    • 2. melanoma & glioma
  138. inflammation of the mouth is called
    stomatitis
  139. inflammation of the tongue is called
    glossitis
  140. inflammation of the rectum is called
    proctits
  141. inflammation of the gums is termed
    gingivitis
  142. varicosity of the veins around the rectum is a condition known as
    hemorrhoids
  143. inflammation of the small intestine is called
    enteritis
  144. inflammation of the large intestines is called
    colitis
  145. which of the following might be a postmortem condition of cirrhosis
    • 1. jaundice
    • 2. ascities
    • 3. edema
  146. which of the following might be a post mortem condition of pneumonia
    • 1. rapid coagulation of blood
    • 2. cyanosis
    • 3. dehydration
  147. inflammation of the gall bladder is called
    cholecystitis
  148. of the following the postmortem condition that might be associated with tuberculosis
    • 1. dehydration
    • 2. emaciation
    • 3. cold abscess
  149. the presence of serum protein in the urine is called
    albuminuria
  150. a condition characterized by periodic distrubances of consciousness is known
    epilepsy
  151. which of the following diseases would be associated with the pancreas
    diabetes mellitus
  152. a disease commonly referred to as the mumps is
    epidemic parotitis
  153. tuberculosis is caused by the organism
    mycobacterium tuberculosis
  154. a condition of the lungs involving distended or ruptured aveoli is known as
    emphysema
  155. a disease characterized by a collapse or airless condition of the lungs is known as
    atelectasis
  156. which of the following diseases would be characterized by glycosuria
    diabetes mellitus
  157. a twisting of a segment of the intestines is known as
    volvulus
  158. the presence of materials in the blood that are normally found in urine is a condition referred to as
    uremia
  159. a disease that may be attributed to nervous tension is
    colitis
  160. rhinitis is a disease associated with the
    nose
  161. a condition characterized by a bluish discoloration due to lack of oxygen in the blood is
    cyanosis
  162. grand mal is a term associated with
    epilepsy
  163. of the items listed, which are lifestyle choices which can lead to cardiovascular disease
    • 1. tabacco use & fatty foods
    • 2. little exercise & high stress
    • 3. excessive alcohol use
  164. treponema pallidum is an organism which will cause
    syphilis
  165. the formation of calculi in the gall bladder is called
    cholelithiasis
  166. the formation of a cavity is called
    cavitation
  167. a form of neurosyphilis characterized by degeneration of the posterior columns of the spinal cord is known as
    tabes dorsalis
  168. poliomyelitis is caused by
    virus
  169. inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord is
    poliomyelitis
  170. a chronic disorder of the nervous system characterized by attacks causing loss of consciousness & convulsions is
    epilepsy
  171. a hemorrhage during which the blood escapes to the inside of the dura matter is called
    subdural
  172. a result of a cerebral hemorrhage could be
    • 1. cerebral vascular accident
    • 2. apoplexy
    • 3. stroke
  173. general paresis is caused by syphilis in the
    tertiary stage
  174. inflammation of the brain in
    encephalitis
  175. inflammation of the urterus is called
    • 1. uteritis
    • 2. metritis
  176. inflammation of the mucous membrane of the lining of the cervix of the uterus is called
    endocervicitis
  177. pregnancy in which the fertilized egg attempts to develop outside the uterus is called
    ectopic
  178. inflammation of the fallopian tubes is called
    salphingitis
  179. vaginitis is inflammation of the
    vagina
  180. hypertrophy of the prostate indicates that the gland is
    enlarged
  181. dilation of the spermatic vein is known as
    varicocele
  182. inflammation of a testis is
    orchitis
  183. the subjective distrubances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by a patient but not directly measurable are called
    symptoms
  184. a childhood diseased characterized by faulty ossification of bone is
    rickets
  185. a condition characterized by the softening of bone is
    osteomalacia
  186. inflammation of a joint is called
    arthritis
  187. a deficiency in the secretion of the thyroid gland is
    hypothyroidism
  188. acromegaly is a disease resulting from over-activity of which the following endocrine gland
    pituitary
  189. a congenital deficiency in pituitary secretion may result in which of the following
    pituitary dwarfism
  190. a diease resulting from adrenal gland deficiency & characterized by bronzing of the skin is known as
    addison's disease
  191. a disease associated with the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas marked by an insufficient production of insulin is
    diabetes mellitus
  192. a complication of diabetes mellitus is
    • 1. arteriosclerosis
    • 2. vascular obstruction
    • 3. gangrene
  193. a disease characterized by obesity & muscular weakness associated with abnormal function of the adrenal gland is
    Cushing's Syndrome
  194. which of the following are types of aneurysms
    dissecting & fusiform
  195. a disorder of the pituitary gland characterized by intense thirst & the excretion of large amounts of urine is
    diabetes insipidus
  196. atrophy of the thyroid gland in adults may result in
    myxedema
  197. a dialated portion of an artery is referred to as an
    aneurysm
  198. a malignant tumor of the skin could be which one of the following
    epithelioma
  199. cardiac insufficency might be the result of which of the following
    rheumatic fever
  200. of the following which one would be a predisposing cause of disease
    sex
  201. which of the following would NOT be a form of emboli
    adhesions
  202. polycythemia vera is a uncontrolled increase of
    red blood cells
  203. which of the following are signs of a disease process
    • 1. redness & swelling
    • 2. altered function & heat
  204. coryza is a condition affecting the _____ system
    respiratory
  205. a tumor-like swelling filled with blood may be called a
    hematoma
  206. a number of symptoms taken together which indicateds the presence of a particular disease is a
    syndrome
  207. which of the following is a type of pigmented tumor
    nevus
  208. what is a thrombus
    a blood clot within the heart or vessels
  209. glomerulonephritis affects the capillaries of the
    kidneys
  210. diabetes mellitus is associated with the malfunction of which gland
    pancreas
  211. a type of edema which affects the scrotum is
    hydrocele
  212. petechia are types of
    hemorrhages
  213. graves disease is caused by
    hyperthyroidism
  214. the name for the chronic end-stage of liver disease wherein the functional cells of the liver are replaced by a lower form of cells
    cirrhosis
  215. widespread pin-point hermorrhages are more commonly known as
    petchia
  216. failure to deliver oxygenated blood to the body tissues is a problem primarily affecting the
    heart
  217. spread of tumors via the lymph or bloodstreams is known as
    metastasis
  218. the condition in which the structure & function of the body is altered as a result of injury to the tissues is called
    disease
  219. a collection of pus surrounded by an inflammatory wall is an
    abscess
  220. all of the following are examples of the cardinal symptoms of inflammation EXCEPT
    algor
  221. another name for pleural effusion is
    hydrothorax
  222. an excessive amount of blood in a body part due to decreased venous drainage is called
    passive hyperemia
  223. a new & abnormal formation of tissue is
    a neoplasm
  224. a toxic condition associated with renal insufficiency is
    uremia
  225. which of the following conditions is caused by a deficiency of some sort
    • 1. myxedema
    • 2. dwarfism
    • 3. rickets
  226. enteritis is associated with which of the following
    small intestines
  227. the thickening, hardening, & loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries is called
    arteriosclerosis
  228. an hereditary disease of exocrine glands, expecially affecting the pancreas & respiratory systems with occulusion, infections, & cyst formation is
    cystic fibrosis
  229. a deficiency of circulating red blood cells is called
    anemia
  230. marrow suppresion resulting from drugs & or chemicals, radiation, infection & metabolic disorders is
    aplastic anemia
  231. firbrosarcoma is
    malignant fibrous tissue
  232. melanoma is
    malignant epitelium tissue
  233. adenocarcinoma is
    malignant glandular epithelium tissue
  234. myoma is
    benign muscle tissue
  235. glioma is
    malignant nerve tissue
  236. hemangioma is
    benign blood vascular tissue
  237. angiosarcoma is
    malignant vascular tissue
  238. the prefix "myelo" means
    spinal cord
  239. the prefix "necro" means
    death
  240. the prefix "osteo" means
    bone
  241. the prefix "sacro" means
    flesh
  242. the suffix "algia" means
    pain
  243. when a thrombus is released into the blood stream, it is then known as a
    embolism
  244. the suffix "cele" means
    sac-like dilation
  245. the suffix "pathy" means
    disease
  246. all of the following tumors are malignant EXCEPT
    adenoma
  247. what is an infarct?
    dead tissue
  248. an example of inflammation caused by bacteria
    infection
  249. a type of inflammation caused by irrtating gases
    chemical
  250. a technical term used in pathology for pain is
    dolor
  251. the prefix "cyto" means
    cell
  252. the prefix "encephlo" means
    brain
  253. the prefix "neo" means
    new
  254. various pathological processes indicating a disturbance in cell metabolism are called
    regressive tissue changes
  255. what leads to jaundice
    excess bilirubin in the blood
  256. a disease which is a state of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance
    an intoxicating disease
  257. a disease of unknown origin is
    idiopathic
  258. a disease which shows an alternating increase & decrease in the severity of its symptoms is
    a recurrent disease
  259. whichh of the following is NOT an important argument promoting autopsies
    it aids in the prognosis of the diesase
  260. antrhacosis is caused by
    coal dust
  261. a benign stalked growth commonly found on mucous membranes is
    a polyp
  262. the term suppuration refers to which of the following materials
    pus
  263. which of the following is an unlikely postmortem condition to be found in a cancer victim
    hypothermia
  264. a closed sac or pouch with a definite wall which contains fluid, semi-fluid, or solid material is
    a cyst
  265. which of the following terms represents a type of aneurysm
    dissecting
  266. the typical lesion of rheumatic heart disease are
    aschoff bodies
  267. appendicitis is a disease of the
    digestive system

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