Pathology - compend/final
Card Set Information
Pathology - compend/final
pathology compend final
pathology - compend/final
study of changes of structure and function of tissues of body as result of disease
branch of pathology dealing with body as a whole, without regard to any particular organ or system
division of pathology that deals with individual body organs or systems
branch of pathology dealing with various laboratory tests on body fluids and tissues that are used in making diagnosis
division of pathology that deals with tissues that have been removed from patient during surgery
expulsion of blood of gastric origin from the mouth
conditions that make body more susceptible to disease without actually causing it
coal dust deposited in the lungs of miners would be an example of a(n)___disease
formation of pus is process called
pathological term for boil
term represents a common complication of healing
adhesions (adherence or knitting together of two surfaces)
replacement of destroyed tissues with exact same kind of tissue
controlled enlarement of body organ or part due to an increase in the number of its component cells
acute diffuse inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue
escape of blood from the vascular system
more than the normal total volume of blood in the body
blood clot that has formed within the heart or a blood vessel during life
decreased blood flow to body part
embolus may consist of
fragments of thrombi
all of these
general term used to designate the state of collapse that follows severe tissue injury
area of necrotic tissue that results from a faulty blood supply to the area
melanin bears a relationship to..
(endogenous- originating within the organism)
exciting cause of disease
is an actual cause
may be considered a predisposing factor of disease
shrinkage of muscle following paralysis
(paralysis- loss or impairment of voluntary movement in body part, caused by injury or disease of nerves, brain, or spinal cord)
shrinkage of the uterus after menopause
enlargement of heart to offset a valvular defect
enlargement of the breasts during lactation
action of gastro-intestinal secretions upon blood in the digestive tract causes the formation of very dark, tarry feces or vomitus known as..
pathological condition that has a protective function
abnormal channel connecting two surfaces
(abnormal or surgically made passage between hollow or tubular organ and the body surface, or between two hollow or tubular organs)
an area of necrosis in which dead cells are sloughed from free surface
generalized edema of subcutaneous tissue
accumulation of blood in a part due to venous obstruction
increased arterial circulation leading to congestion of blood
arterial thrombosis may cause..
(thrombosis- local coagulation or clotting of blood in a part of circulatory system)
venous thrombosis may cause
predisposes to thrombosis
disease of the blood vessels
increased viscosity of the blood
all of these
formation of a blood clot attached to the wall of the heart or blood vessels
foreign particle that becomes lodged in blood vessel
condition that may result from embolism
(embolism- obstruction of artery, typically by blood clot or an air bubble)
mass of necrotic tissue that results from circulatory obstruction
(necrotic- dead tissue/cells)
blood discoloration of the tissues as in a bruise
branch of pathology concerned with accidents and homicides
identification of a disease
prediction of the probable outcome of a disease
disease having a slow onset and long duration
disease having a sudden onset and short duration
localized collection of pus in any body part, resulting from an invasion of pus-forming bacteria
blister-like structure that contains a serous fluid
free-flowing particle in the blood
blood in the sputum
(sputum- mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from respiratory tract)
technical term for "nose bleed"
increase in size of cells of an organ
reaction of tissue to an irritant
deficiency of blood in a part of the body
any structural change that occurs in a disease
body organ mainly involved in pneumoconiosis
(pneumoconiosis- disease of lungs due to inhalation of dust, characterized by inflammation, coughing, and fibrosis)
death of a localized area of tissue is condition known as..
replacement of dead tissue cells with connective tissue cells is process called
blockage of blood vessel by some foreign object floating to the site in the blood stream
thrombi would likely be found in the..
(thrombi- blood clot formed in situ within vascular system of body and impeding blood flow)
pathological condition that is most closely associated with infarction
(infaction- obstruction of blood supply to organ or region of tissue, typically by thrombus or embolus causing local death of tissue)
termination of an inflammatory reaction with return to normal of the body part
circumscribed collection of pus surrounded by wall of inflammatory tissue designates
replacement of destroyed tissue with connective tissue
the union of two or more adjacent boils results in an inflammatory lesion called..
thick liquid that collects around an infection site
antibodies are to be found in the..
gumma is a lesion of..
neoplasm most likely to cause death
(neoplasm- new or abnormal growth of tissue in some part of body; characteristic of cancer)
disorder that does not primarily involve the blood
marked increase in the number of red blood cells is condition referred to as..
malignant tumor of epithelial tissue
myocardial infarction is likely after-effect of..
benign tumor of muscle tissue
it is characteristic of leukemia to be accompanied by massive proliferation of..
commonly referred to as a mole
the form of anemia that develops as a complication of another disease such as hemorrhage
(hemorrhage- escape of blood from ruptured vessel)
disorder believed to develop as an after effect of a severe streptococcal infection
rheumatic heart disease
neoplasm that is benign and composed of a mass of minute blood vessels or lymph vessels
valvular insufficiency is a commonly found disorder affecting
occlusion of an artery is a condition likely to lead to
neoplasm that is malignant and composed of blood vessels
marked decrease in the number of leukocytes in the blood
disorder with the highest incidence of fatality
myocarditis is disease that primarily involves the..
neoplasm that is malignant and pigmented
arteriosclerosis is a disease primarily involving..
aneurysms are disorders primarily invilving
tumor that is a cancer
pathological condition primarily associated with arteries
benign tumor commonly found on mucous membranes
body fluid bearing the closest relationship to hempophilia
endocarditis is inflammation of..
inner tunic of the heart
malignant tumor of fibrous connective tissue
condition that is a common heart disorder
inflammation of a vein
neoplasm that is a malignancy composed of the epithelial tissue of a gland
condition that is a hematopoietic disorder
(hematopoietic- pertaining to formation of blood or blood cells)
benign tumor of nervous tissue
deficiency of red blood cells or a deficiency of hemoglobin
body organ frequently affected by valvular stenosis
neoplasm that is a malignant tumor composed of a mass of minute lymph vessels
may be physiological or pathological
pancarditis is a disease primarily involving..
arteriosclerosis involving the cerebral arteries may be expected to lead to..
cerebral hemorrhage- escape of blood from ruptured vessel in the cerebrum of the brain
neoplasm that is benign
circulatory disorder that is often found to occur as an after-effect of a diseased heart valve
malignant neoplasm of bone tissue
body fluid most closely associated with thrombopenia
malignant neoplasm composed of fatty connective tissue
hemorrhoids is a condition primarily involving..
disease sometimes referred to as "cancer of the blood"
blockage of a coronary artery is likely to lead to..
thickening of the tunica intima of the arteries due to deposits of a fatty substance in them suggests a disease called..
would be classified as potentially harmful occupational environments, which might predispose the worker to certain respiratory illnesses
coal mining and sandblasting
asbestos removal and auto body repair
cement manufacturing and raw cotton processing
(1,2, and 4)
the form of anemia that is due to malfunctions of the hematopoietic tissue is identified by the term..
(hematopoietic- formation of blood or blood cells)
inflammation of the stomach
narrowing of the esophagus
inflammation of the liver
complete urinary suppression
collection of urine in the kidney pelvis
inflammation of the structure that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
chronic condition of the lungs caused by the inhalation of dust particles
granulomatous lesion of tuberculosis is the..
inflammation of the nasal mucosa
condition involving sugar in the urine
calculi that form within the kidney
inflammation of the pancreas
pus in the pleural cavity
(pleural cavity- walls of thorax/chest; lining around lungs)
inflammation of the lining of the abdomen
inflammation of nerve
accumulation of fluid in the cranial cavity
inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain
liposarcoma and hymphoma
melanoma and glioma
(2 and 3)
inflammation of the mouth
inflammation of the tongue
inflammation of the rectum
inflammation of the gums
varicosity of the veins around the rectum
inflammation of the small intestine
inflammation of the large intestine
might be a postmortem condition of cirrhosis
(cirrhosis- chronic disease of liver)
all of these
might be a post mortem condition of pneumonia
rapid coagulation of blood
all of these
inflammation of the gall bladder
the postmortem condition that might be associated with tuberculosis
all of these
presence of serum protein in the urine
condition characterized by periodic disturbances of consciousness
disease that would be associated with the pancreas
disease commonly referred to as the mumps
tuberculosis is caused by the organism
condition of the lungs involving distended or ruptured alveoli
(alveoli- tiny air sacs in lungs where exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide)
disease characterized by a collapsed or airless condition of the lungs
disease would be characterized by glycosuria
(glycosuria- condition characterized by excess of sugar in urine)
twisting of a segment of intestine
presence of materials in the blood that are normally found in urine
disease that may be attributed to nervous tension
rhinitis is a disease associated with the..
condition characterized by a bluish discoloration due to lack of oxygen in the blood
grand mal is a term associated with..
lifestyle choices which can lead to cardiovascular disease
tobacco use and fatty foods
little exercise and high stress
excessive alcohol use
(1,2 and 3)
Treponema pallidum is an organism which will cause..
formation of calculi in the gall bladder
formation of a cavity
form of neurosyphilis characterized by degeneration of the posterior columns of the spinal cord
Poliomyelitis is caused by
inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
chronic disorder of the nervous system characterized by attacks causing loss of consciousness and convulsions
hemorrhage during which the blood escapes to the inside of the dura mater
result of a cerebral hemorrhage could be..
cerebral vascular accident
all of these
general paresis is caused by syphilis in the..
(paresis- condition of muscular weakness caused by nerve damage or disease; partial paralysis)
inflammation of the brain
inflammation of the uterus
both A and C
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the lining of the cervix of the uterus
pregnancy in which the fertilized egg attempts to develop outside the uterus
inflammation of the fallopian tubes
vaginitis is inflammation of the..
hypertrophy of the prostate indicates that the gland is..
(hypertrophy- enlargement of organ or tissue from increase in size of cells; excessive growth)
dilation of the spermatic vein
inflammation of a testis
the subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by a patient but not directly measurable
childhood disease characterized by faulty ossification of bone
condition characterized by the softening of bone
inflammation of a joint
deficiency in the secretion of the thyroid gland
acromegaly is a disease resulting from overactivity of which endocrine glands
congenital dificiency in pituitary secretion may result in..
disease resulting from adrenal gland deficiency and characterized by bronzing of the skin
disease associated with the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas marked by an insufficient production of insulin
complication of diabetes mellitus
all of these
disease characterized by obesity and muscular weakness associated with abnormal function of the adrenal gland
types of aneurysms
dissecting and fusiform
disorder of the pituitary gland characterized by intense thirst and the excretion of large amounts of urine
atrophy of the thyroid gland in adults may result in..
dilated protion of an artery
malignant tumor of the skin could be..
cardiac insufficiency might by the result of..
would be a predisposing cause of disease
would NOT be a form of emboli
(emboli- blood clot or air bubble carried in bloodsteam to lodge in vessel and cause embolism)
Polycythemia vera is an uncontrolled increase of..
red blood cells
signs of a disease process
redness and swelling
altered function and heat
(1 and 4)
coryza is a condition affecting the__system
tumor-like swelling filled with blood may be called..
number of symptoms taken together which indicates the presence of a particular disease
type of pigmented tumor
blood clot within the heart or vessels
Glomerulonephritis affects the capillaries of the..
diabetes mellitus is associated with the malfunction of which gland
type of edema which affects the scrotum
petechia are types of..
graves disease is caused by
name for the chronic end-stage of liver disease wherein the functional cells of the liver are replaced by a lower form of cells
widespread "pin-point" hemorrhages more commonly known as..
failure to deliver oxygenated blood to the body tissues is a problem primarily affecting the..
spread of tumors via the lymph or bloodstream
condition in which the structure and function of the body is altered as a result of injury to the tissues
collection of pus surrounded by an inflammatory wall
examples of the cardinal symptoms of inflammation EXCEPT
another name for pleural effusion
excessive amount of blood in a body part due to decreased venous drainage
new and abnormal formation of tissue
toxic condition associated with renal insufficiency
condition caused by a deficiency of some sort
all of these
Enteritis is associated with..
the thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
hereditary disease of exocrine glands, especially affecting the pancreas and respiratory system with occlusion, infections, and cyst formation
deficiency of circulating red blood cells
marrow suppression resulting from drugs and/or chemicals, radiation, infection and metabolic disorders
malignant fibrous tissue
malignant epithelium tissue
malignant glandular epithelium tissue
benign muscle tissue
malignant nerve tissue
benign blood vascular tissue
malignant vascular tissue
prefix "myelo" means
prefix "necro" means
prefix "osteo" means
prefix "sarco" means
suffix "algia" means
when a thrombus is released into the blood stream, it is then known as a(n)..
suffix "cele" means
suffix "pathy" means
tumors that are malignant EXCEPT
example of inflammation caused by bacteria
type of inflammation caused by irritating gases
technical term used in pathology for pain
prefix "cyto" means
prefix "encephalo" means
prefix "neo" means
various pathological processes indicating a disturbance in cell metabolism
regressive tissue changes
leads to jaundice
excess bilirubin in the blood
disease which is a state of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance
disease of unknown origin
disease which shows an alternating increase and decrease in the severity of its symptoms
NOT an important argument promoting autopsies
it aids in the prognosis of the disease
anthracosis is caused by
benign stalked growth commonly found on the mucous membranes
term suppuration refers to what material
unlikely postmortem condition to be found in a cancer victim
hypothermia (subnormal body temp.)
closed sac or pouch with a definite wall which contains fluid, semi-fluid, or solid material
term represents a type of aneurysm
typical lesions of rheumatic heart disease
appendicitis is a disease of the..