Popular jazz music during the 1930s and 1940s was called _____.
A band lead by ____ was the first to play jazz music in Carnegie Hall.
Louis Armstrong changed the focus of jazz from collective improvisation to ____.
Another name for New Orleans style jazz, although not entirely accurate, is _____.
was early rock and roll music mostly for dancing or listening?
______ is the most famous composer of ragtime
The ____ is an instrument central to jazz, but rarely used in the symphony orchestra
in additon to ringo starr and george harrison, the personnel of the beatles included mccartney and _____.
what early rock music style brought back dancing to importance in the early 1970s?
the ____ lead the first wave of the british invasion
_____ and swing are phenomena of all american popular music styles.
rhythm and blues and black gospel are synonymous except for the _____
_____ was a phenomenal bebop saxophone performer
charlie "bird" parker
berry gordy was the president of ____ record company
The grand old opry had a symbiotic relationship with what type of movie in the early years
british rock band
original rock star
jazz innovator of several jazz styles after 1950
country music home
grand old opry
first jazz band leader to play at carnegie hall
birth place of jazz
Literally means "advance guard" used to describe muscians and artists who led new or unconventional movements in the arts.
use of small bits of color in art and points of timbre in music
term used by schoenberg to describe his twelve-tone style. Literally means "all the tonalities"
20th century music that is created by manipulating sound sources recorded on tape
The sophisticated layering of a number of contrasting rhythms, typical of African drumming and other non-western musi.
Schoenberg abandoned tonality, a guiding feature in western music for 300 years in favor or ____.
At the beginning of the 20th century, American composers were strongly influenced by what musical tradition, ____.
The simultaneous sounding of two or more keys at the same time is ____.
Composer influenced by the Asian scales was ____.
Which country became the center of western culture after WWII?
system of composition schoenberg followed for most of his life was _____
20th century extension of the romantic period. the display of extreme emotions in music and arts. associated with the 12-tone system of music composition.
literally "in present mode". The period of music and art history from 1900 to present.
music of the contemporary period that is created through the mixing of a variety of music from diverse cultures.
the use of all twelve notes available in an octave to create melodic and harmonic material for twelve-tone composition
A 20th century style of art and music. In art, the resources are simple and limited. In music, the harmonic changes are limited and the texture is thick with little rest and repition.
The philosophy of the demonstration of excitement, high drama and emotion, movement, and activity that is larger thaan life through arts.
A large single movement work for orchestra that musically depicts a person, place, or thing.
in art works, the appearance of objects being real or a demonstration of truth within a work
a musical form based on a single theme and variants of that theme
theme and variations
a song originating in the 1800s with closely integrated words and music composed for artistic intent, also referred to as Lieder.
A song originating in the 1800s with closely integrated words and music composed for artistic intent, also reffered to as an art song
period in the arts from 1800-1900
the branch of modernism called impressionism was centered in the city of ____
Expressionism is a musical and artistic style most closely associated with the expression of extreme feelings and with terms such as anguish, fear...
Stravinsky's ballet scores are considered to be the style of ____
The ballet ____ caused a riot at its first appearance in Paris in 1913
Rite of Spring
music that is created to describe a person, place or motion
the expression of patriotism through the arts
most of wagner's operas are based on ____
the early romantic composer ____ composes over 600 songs
the favorite instruments of the 19th century the piano and the ____.
For what instrument were miniature pieces written during the Romantic period to promote a sense of intimacy and individualism?
the new type of opera envisioned by wagner as complete art work is _____
one of the most famous examples of romantic program music is berlioz's
the genre of art song is most appropiately performed in private parlors rather than in large concert halls
instrumental music that tells a story is called ____
program/ absolute music
the famous opera composer who coined the term leitmotif was
A form originating from a dance similar to a waltz. typically, the form of third movement of a symphony or a string quartet
minuet and trio
expression of patriotism through the arts
music for music's sake music without a program or utilitarian use
An ABA form that traditionally serves as the form of the first movement of a symphony or string quartet during the classical period
Any musical work to be performed by instruments. A solo work for a keyboard instrument or a solo work with accompanient
A form that has a recurring main theme
a chamber music work for 2 violins, viola, and cello
literally means "joke" in Italian. a rapid version of the minuet and trio form found in classical symphonies and string quartets
a simple ABA form sometimes referred to as a temporary form
a dance with a feeling and emphasis of groupings of three beats.
by the end of the 18th century, the ____ replaced the harpischoro as the favorite keyboard instrument
the ____ is the most important instrumental chamber music genre of the classic era
____ was music director at the Esterhazy palace in Austria for years
____ form is the standard form of 1st movements of symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas
form of the scherzo is the same as the form of the ____
minuet & trio
the slow, second movements of symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas are often in ___ form
sonata form is sometimes called ____
first movement form
four string instruments in a string quartet include the two violins, viola, and the ____
a form which presents a theme and then subjects that theme to a series of changes of modification is ____
theme & variations
italian word for song, commonly associated with lyric solos in opera, oratoria, and cantata
simple melody of various origins that was used to create the basic theme of cantata. designate a melody usually of religious origin for theme and variation
an advanced contrapontal form of the baroque
a work for a small group (2-6) of instrumentalists and orchestra associated with the early Baroque period for the most part
initially, indicated a composititon to be song. used to designate worship service of the early Lutheran church
a style of speech singing of the early Baroque that led to the recitative
Initially, the opening work performed by the orchestra in a number of large forms term eventually was a label for single movement work for orchestra that may or may not be the opening movement of a larger form
a large scale work for chorous, orchestra, and soloists that normally has a testo as a narrator to help relay the story to the audience _____
the principal character and soloist in an oratorio who serves as narrator
the minuet is a dance of moderate tempo and in
handel's most popular work and one of the most frequently performed compositions of today is ____
_____ was the first great opera composer of the baroque
the most famous of vivaldi's concertos today are a group of four concertos known as ____
the death of ____ in 1750 marked the end of the baroque era
a major development in the early Baroque was instrumental music. the most important instruments were those in the ____ family.
Bach compoed in all major musical genres except for ____
a series of dances for instrumental performance is known as a dance ___
the favorite type of opera in Europe during the Baroque came from which country
During Bach's stay in Leipzig, he wrote dozens of _____ as well as several other important sacred vocal pieces.
"reserved music" in the renaissance, complimentary term indicating a composition was pleasant
the religious movement of the 16th centry that established a number of Protestant churches
An acappela, 4 to 8 part composition initiated during the Renaissance in Italy and later popular in England that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateus.
The reaction to the Protestant reformation of the 16th century by the Catholic Church
The last era of the medieval period. Characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass
Early secular singers originated in the south of france
added parallel or contrasting lines to plainchant to amplify or enhance the sound
ancient times pre 500 BC
A somber portion of the mass. The alleluia replaces this movement during celebratory time
what was the largest category of instrumental music during the renaissance
in the middle ages, both plainchant and secular song repertories were in what texture?
which country was the main center of musical/activity in the 16th century?
most of the words in the Roman Catholic mass are said or song in the ____ language
Latin & German
The Reformation was begun by a German theologian by the name of
For music, the renaissance spanned the years
the music of the middle ages is built upon the system of ___ rather than major or minor scales.
another meaning of the word "renaissance" is ____
the Kyrie is said or song in what language
the texture of chart is
the rate of speed
music that contains of only one line
the degree of pitch frequency available or required in a piece of music or available with an instrument or voice.
the characteristic quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or instrument from another
a special skill, art, or dexterity
a kind or type of music, art, or literature is
music that has one note per syllable is
the lack of tonality or a center of pitch in a musical work is
music that consists of multiple lines is
an organized succession of musical tones
the two main types of scales used in western art music are the ___ scales and the minor scale
____ texture consists of a single melody with no accompaniment
when all parts move together and form a succession of chords and there is one main melody, the texture is
an ____ is a large group of instrumentalists playing together
the highness or lowness of a sound is called its
the symbol placed at the beginning of a staff is called the
sounds that create a sense of tension and may sound harsh are referred to as
the musical texture in which you can hear two or more distinct melodies at once is referred to as
compossers notate music on a five-line staff
sounds that are stable and create a sense of repose or relaxation are called