Music Appreciation

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lekaylacalmes
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150410
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Music Appreciation
Updated:
2012-04-27 14:46:15
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final exam
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  1. Popular jazz music during the 1930s and 1940s was called _____.
    swing
  2. A band lead by ____ was the first to play jazz music in Carnegie Hall.
    Goodman
  3. Louis Armstrong changed the focus of jazz from collective improvisation to ____.
    Solo
  4. Another name for New Orleans style jazz, although not entirely accurate, is _____.
    Dixieland jazz
  5. was early rock and roll music mostly for dancing or listening?
    dancing
  6. ______ is the most famous composer of ragtime
    Janis Joplin
  7. The ____ is an instrument central to jazz, but rarely used in the symphony orchestra
    saxophone
  8. in additon to ringo starr and george harrison, the personnel of the beatles included mccartney and _____.
    Lennon
  9. what early rock music style brought back dancing to importance in the early 1970s?
    disco
  10. the ____ lead the first wave of the british invasion
    beatles
  11. _____ and swing are phenomena of all american popular music styles.
    blues
  12. rhythm and blues and black gospel are synonymous except for the _____
    words
  13. _____ was a phenomenal bebop saxophone performer
    charlie "bird" parker
  14. berry gordy was the president of ____ record company
    motown
  15. The grand old opry had a symbiotic relationship with what type of movie in the early years
    western
  16. british rock band
    the beatles
  17. original rock star
    elvis
  18. motown records
    gordy
  19. jazz innovator of several jazz styles after 1950
    davis
  20. ragtime
    joplin
  21. bebop saxophonist
    parker
  22. country music home
    grand old opry
  23. first jazz band leader to play at carnegie hall
    goodman
  24. birth place of jazz
    new orleans
  25. speakeasies
    chicago
  26. Literally means "advance guard" used to describe muscians and artists who led new or unconventional movements in the arts.
    avant-garde
  27. use of small bits of color in art and points of timbre in music
    pointillism
  28. term used by schoenberg to describe his twelve-tone style. Literally means "all the tonalities"
    pantonality
  29. 20th century music that is created by manipulating sound sources recorded on tape
    electronic music
  30. The sophisticated layering of a number of contrasting rhythms, typical of African drumming and other non-western musi.
    polyrhythm
  31. Schoenberg abandoned tonality, a guiding feature in western music for 300 years in favor or ____.
    atonality
  32. At the beginning of the 20th century, American composers were strongly influenced by what musical tradition, ____.
    European
  33. The simultaneous sounding of two or more keys at the same time is ____.
    polytonality
  34. Composer influenced by the Asian scales was ____.
    Debussy
  35. Which country became the center of western culture after WWII?
    united states
  36. system of composition schoenberg followed for most of his life was _____
    twelve tone
  37. 20th century extension of the romantic period. the display of extreme emotions in music and arts. associated with the 12-tone system of music composition.
    expressionism
  38. literally "in present mode". The period of music and art history from 1900 to present.
    modern
  39. music of the contemporary period that is created through the mixing of a variety of music from diverse cultures.
    world music
  40. the use of all twelve notes available in an octave to create melodic and harmonic material for twelve-tone composition
    tone rows
  41. A 20th century style of art and music. In art, the resources are simple and limited. In music, the harmonic changes are limited and the texture is thick with little rest and repition.
    minimalism
  42. The philosophy of the demonstration of excitement, high drama and emotion, movement, and activity that is larger thaan life through arts.
    realism
  43. A large single movement work for orchestra that musically depicts a person, place, or thing.
    tone poem
  44. in art works, the appearance of objects being real or a demonstration of truth within a work
    versimilitude
  45. a musical form based on a single theme and variants of that theme
    theme and variations
  46. a song originating in the 1800s with closely integrated words and music composed for artistic intent, also referred to as Lieder.
    art song
  47. A song originating in the 1800s with closely integrated words and music composed for artistic intent, also reffered to as an art song
    lied
  48. period in the arts from 1800-1900
    romantic period
  49. the branch of modernism called impressionism was centered in the city of ____
    Paris
  50. Expressionism is a musical and artistic style most closely associated with the expression of extreme feelings and with terms such as anguish, fear...
    expressionism
  51. Stravinsky's ballet scores are considered to be the style of ____
    primitivism
  52. The ballet ____ caused a riot at its first appearance in Paris in 1913
    Rite of Spring
  53. music that is created to describe a person, place or motion
    program music
  54. the expression of patriotism through the arts
    nationalism
  55. most of wagner's operas are based on ____
    mythological
  56. the early romantic composer ____ composes over 600 songs
    schubert
  57. the favorite instruments of the 19th century the piano and the ____.
    violin/snare drum
  58. For what instrument were miniature pieces written during the Romantic period to promote a sense of intimacy and individualism?
    piano
  59. the new type of opera envisioned by wagner as complete art work is _____
    musical drama
  60. one of the most famous examples of romantic program music is berlioz's
    symphonic fantastique
  61. the genre of art song is most appropiately performed in private parlors rather than in large concert halls
    art song
  62. instrumental music that tells a story is called ____
    program/ absolute music
  63. the famous opera composer who coined the term leitmotif was
    wagner
  64. A form originating from a dance similar to a waltz. typically, the form of third movement of a symphony or a string quartet
    minuet and trio
  65. expression of patriotism through the arts
    naturalism
  66. music for music's sake music without a program or utilitarian use
    absolute music
  67. An ABA form that traditionally serves as the form of the first movement of a symphony or string quartet during the classical period
    sonata-allegro form
  68. Any musical work to be performed by instruments. A solo work for a keyboard instrument or a solo work with accompanient
    sonata
  69. A form that has a recurring main theme
    rondo
  70. a chamber music work for 2 violins, viola, and cello
    string quartet
  71. literally means "joke" in Italian. a rapid version of the minuet and trio form found in classical symphonies and string quartets
    Scherzo
  72. a simple ABA form sometimes referred to as a temporary form
    song form
  73. a dance with a feeling and emphasis of groupings of three beats.
    waltz
  74. by the end of the 18th century, the ____ replaced the harpischoro as the favorite keyboard instrument
    piano
  75. the ____ is the most important instrumental chamber music genre of the classic era
    string quartet
  76. ____ was music director at the Esterhazy palace in Austria for years
    haydn
  77. ____ form is the standard form of 1st movements of symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas
    sonata
  78. form of the scherzo is the same as the form of the ____
    minuet & trio
  79. the slow, second movements of symphonies, string quartets, and sonatas are often in ___ form
    song
  80. sonata form is sometimes called ____
    first movement form
  81. four string instruments in a string quartet include the two violins, viola, and the ____
    cello
  82. a form which presents a theme and then subjects that theme to a series of changes of modification is ____
    theme & variations
  83. italian word for song, commonly associated with lyric solos in opera, oratoria, and cantata
    aria
  84. simple melody of various origins that was used to create the basic theme of cantata. designate a melody usually of religious origin for theme and variation
    chorale
  85. an advanced contrapontal form of the baroque
    fugue
  86. musical drama
    opera
  87. a work for a small group (2-6) of instrumentalists and orchestra associated with the early Baroque period for the most part
    concerto grosso
  88. initially, indicated a composititon to be song. used to designate worship service of the early Lutheran church
    cantata
  89. a style of speech singing of the early Baroque that led to the recitative
    stile recitativo
  90. Initially, the opening work performed by the orchestra in a number of large forms term eventually was a label for single movement work for orchestra that may or may not be the opening movement of a larger form
    overture
  91. a large scale work for chorous, orchestra, and soloists that normally has a testo as a narrator to help relay the story to the audience _____
    oratorio
  92. the principal character and soloist in an oratorio who serves as narrator
    testo
  93. the minuet is a dance of moderate tempo and in
    triple meter
  94. handel's most popular work and one of the most frequently performed compositions of today is ____
    messiah
  95. _____ was the first great opera composer of the baroque
    Monterverdi
  96. the most famous of vivaldi's concertos today are a group of four concertos known as ____
    four seasons
  97. the death of ____ in 1750 marked the end of the baroque era
    Bach
  98. a major development in the early Baroque was instrumental music. the most important instruments were those in the ____ family.
    string
  99. Bach compoed in all major musical genres except for ____
    opera
  100. a series of dances for instrumental performance is known as a dance ___
    suite
  101. the favorite type of opera in Europe during the Baroque came from which country
    Italy
  102. During Bach's stay in Leipzig, he wrote dozens of _____ as well as several other important sacred vocal pieces.
    cantatas
  103. Rebirth 1400-1600
    Renaissance
  104. "reserved music" in the renaissance, complimentary term indicating a composition was pleasant
    music reservata
  105. the religious movement of the 16th centry that established a number of Protestant churches
    reformation
  106. An acappela, 4 to 8 part composition initiated during the Renaissance in Italy and later popular in England that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateus.
    madrigal
  107. The reaction to the Protestant reformation of the 16th century by the Catholic Church
    counter reformation
  108. The last era of the medieval period. Characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass
    gothic
  109. Early secular singers originated in the south of france
    troubadours
  110. added parallel or contrasting lines to plainchant to amplify or enhance the sound
    organum
  111. ancient times pre 500 BC
    Antiquity
  112. A somber portion of the mass. The alleluia replaces this movement during celebratory time
    tract
  113. what was the largest category of instrumental music during the renaissance
    dance suite
  114. in the middle ages, both plainchant and secular song repertories were in what texture?
    monophonic
  115. which country was the main center of musical/activity in the 16th century?
    Italy
  116. most of the words in the Roman Catholic mass are said or song in the ____ language
    Latin & German
  117. The Reformation was begun by a German theologian by the name of
    Luther
  118. For music, the renaissance spanned the years
    1400-1600
  119. the music of the middle ages is built upon the system of ___ rather than major or minor scales.
    modes
  120. another meaning of the word "renaissance" is ____
    rebirth
  121. the Kyrie is said or song in what language
    latin
  122. the texture of chart is
    monophonic
  123. the rate of speed
    tempo
  124. music that contains of only one line
    monophony
  125. the degree of pitch frequency available or required in a piece of music or available with an instrument or voice.
    range
  126. the characteristic quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or instrument from another
    timbre
  127. a special skill, art, or dexterity
    craft
  128. a kind or type of music, art, or literature is
    genre
  129. music that has one note per syllable is
    monosyllabic
  130. the lack of tonality or a center of pitch in a musical work is
    atonality
  131. music that consists of multiple lines is
    polyphony
  132. an organized succession of musical tones
    melody
  133. the two main types of scales used in western art music are the ___ scales and the minor scale
    major
  134. ____ texture consists of a single melody with no accompaniment
    monophonic
  135. when all parts move together and form a succession of chords and there is one main melody, the texture is
    homophony
  136. an ____ is a large group of instrumentalists playing together
    orchestra
  137. the highness or lowness of a sound is called its
    pitch
  138. the symbol placed at the beginning of a staff is called the
    clef
  139. sounds that create a sense of tension and may sound harsh are referred to as
    dissonance
  140. the musical texture in which you can hear two or more distinct melodies at once is referred to as
    polyphony
  141. compossers notate music on a five-line staff
  142. sounds that are stable and create a sense of repose or relaxation are called
    consonance

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