Child Guidance Final Part 1
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Erikson's Psychosocial stages:
- 1. Trust vs. Mistrust
- 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
- 3. Initiative vs. Guilt
- 4. Industry vs. Inferiority
- 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
- 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
- 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
- 8 Integrity vs. Despair
Brofenbrenner's Ecological Theory:
- Micro, Macro, Mesosystem, Exosystem, Chronosystem
Rules in Family Systems theory:
provide common ground for understanding which behaviors are acceptable and aporpriate within each family system
Roles in the Family Systems theory
Outline acceptable behavior and to regulate the system's functioning.
The ultimate goal of family system functioning is to maintain dynamic equilibrium or
Describes the tendecy of a family system to respond to variables that cause change by experiencing growth, change, innovation, and creativity and adapting its structure and patterns accordingly is known as
Describes the desire of a family system to remain stable over time by attempting to retain its orgaization, structure, and patterns is known as
Rationalism is using
Empericism is using
When parenting school-age children the most effective way of proving cares is using less _________ care and using more __________ care.
When parenting children that are now attending school parents focus less on _________ caring for the child and start to focus on providing them with more __________ care.
Children ages 6-12 are in the process of developing which of Erikson's Pyschosocial stages ?
One of Erikson's stages that is the combination of cognitive and social skills, postive work ethic, and taking personal responsibility:
One of Erikson's stages that occurs when the individual is feeling that their skills are not as good, they lose self-esteem, and they feel that they are not as good as others is:
Piaget's stage of development in the ages of 7-11 is:
- Concrete operation
- Ex: Ability to understand that her dog is a Labrador and that the Lab is a dog and that the dog is an animal.
Concrete operation is Piaget's stage of development where the child (ages 7-11) gains:
- 1. Organized, logical thought
- 2. Thinking is less transductive and egocentric
- 3. Concrete problem-solving
School-aged kids are influenced by what three groups?
- 1. Family
- 2. Friends/Peers
- 3. School
Piaget's stage of development in the ages of 12-15 is:
- Formal operations
- Ex: linking time, speed, and distance when planning a trip
Is it developmentally appropriate to talk about sex to children?
Yes, with age appropriate discription and fact.
"The Talk". Is it a one-time event or an ongoing conversation?
Ongoing conversation building on previous knowledge
The old view of adolescence was:
"storm and stress" ; that adolescents are volatile, rebellious, and unstable.
The new view of adolescence is:
Most teens are actually pro-social and rebellion isn't necessarily normative.
What are the two stages of Erikson's theory during adolescence?
- 1. Identity vs. Role Confusion (early adolescence: 12-17)
- 2. Intimacy vs. Isolation (late adolescence: 18-21)
Piaget's stage of development in adolescence (11-adulthood) is:
Piaget's stage of formal operation occurs in adolescence ages 11 to adulthood and consists of:
Logic being applied to abstract and concrete ideas and advanced reasoning in science and mathematics
Drinking is correlated with:
- (EMPIRICALLY DERIVED CORRELATIONS)
- 1. lack of C.A.R
- 2. peer drinking
- 3. sexual activity
- 4. parent's own drinking and attitudes
What is the 2nd leading cause of death among teens?
- Suicide- (tripled in last 3 decades)
- *Girls more likely to TRY, boys are more likely to DIE.
51% of boys become sexually active due to:
50% of girls become sexually active due to:
their affection for their partner
How many boys and girls try masturbation?
Virtually all boys and 3/4 of girls.
Sexual abuse by age 18 in U.S.
Auto sociality occurs in children ages 2-7 where:
kids play side by side
Homosociality occurs in children ages 8-12 where:
Kids prefer to play with others of the same sex
Heterosociality occurs in adolescents ages 13-18 where:
interaction with opposite sex becomes more common
Mandleco found that siblings of kids with disabilities score higher in:
cooperation and collaborative skills.
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