Social Cognition

The flashcards below were created by user Pinkodimos on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. social psychology
    the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behavior influenced by, the behavior or others
  2. social cognition
    mental processes associated with people's perceptions of, and reaction to, other people
  3. self-concept
    the way one thinks of oneself
  4. self-esteem
    the evaluation people make about how worthy they are as human beings
  5. tempral comparison
    using one's previous performance or characteristics as a basis for judging oneself in the present
  6. social comparison
    using other people as a basis of comparison for evaluating oneself
  7. reference groups
    categories of people to whic people compare themselves
  8. relative deprivation
    the belief that, in comparison to a refernce group, one is getting less than is deserved
  9. social identity
    the belief we hold about the groups to which we belong
  10. self schema
    mental representations that people form of themselves
  11. social perception
    the processes through which people interpret information about others, draw inferences about them, and develop mental representations of them
  12. self-fullfilling prophecy
    a process through which an initial impression of someone leads that person to behave in accordance with that impression
  13. attribution
    the process of explaining the causes of people's behavior, including one's own
  14. fundamental attribution error
    a bias toward overattributting the behavior of others to internal causes
  15. actor-observer bias
    the tendency to attribute other people's behavior to internal causes while attributing one's own behavior (especially errors and failures) to externalo causes
  16. self-serving bias
    the tendency to attribute one's own success to internal characteristics while blaming one's failures on external causes
  17. attitude
    a predisposition toward a particualr cognitive, emotional, or behavioral reaction to objects
  18. elaboration likelihood model
    a model suggesting that attitude change can be driven by evaluation of the content of a persuasive message (central route) or by irrelevant persuasion cues (peripheral route)
  19. cognitive dissonance theory
    a theory asserting that attitude change is driven by efforts to reduce tension caused by inconsistencies between attitudes and behaviors
  20. self-perception theory
    a theory suggesting that attitudes can change as people consider their behavior in certain situations and then infer what their attitude must be
  21. stereotypes
    false assumptions that all members of some group share the same charatersistics
  22. prejudice
    a positive or negative attitude toward an entire group of people
  23. discrimination
    differential treatment of various groups; the behavioral component of prejudice
  24. contact hypothesis
    the idea that stereotypes and prejudice toward a group will diminish as acontact with the group increases
Card Set:
Social Cognition
2012-04-27 06:14:28

Show Answers: