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The behavioral contingencyused for maintaing escape and avoidance responses?
When a reinforcer is removed after a problem behavior occurs______ _________
language can be used in a variety of contexts and is not fixed in a particular situation.
situational freedom (characteristic of language)
Name three problems with the use of punishment
- -vistim might start of avoid the person who punishes them
- -individual may have an aggressive response/reaction
- -does not teach appropriate behavior
- -person delivering punishment could become an SD
- -likely to elicit a strong emotional response
- -can teach a person to imitate punishment
- -strongly reinforces the person delivering the punishment
The ability to associate arbitrary symbols with objects or events
reference (charcteristic of language)
The tendency to imiatate a new modeled behavior in the absence of any specific reinforcement for doing so.
Behavior that terminates an aversive stimiulus is called ________ behavior, whereas behavior that prevents an adversive stimulus from occurring is called _______ behavior.
escape ; aviodance
A person vows they will stop swearing, but the continue to do so, it is likely that when they were younger they recieved a lot of ____________
reinforcement for say/do correspondence
Taste aversion to oatmeal results in not liking other things like oatmeal is an example of...
Mauer says an avoidance response has two processes ________ and ___________
classical conditioning (fear response) and operant conditioning (avoidance response negatively reinforceed by fear reduction).
The bad taste of rotten food will likely function as a _______ punisher
The ideal time interval between delivery of a reinforcer for the greatest rate of adjunct behavior in rats as well as humans is ___________ minutes
2 to 3
An event likely to result in PTSD
inturder in your bedroom
The type of behavior contingency mist likely to strenghten a pattern of aggression is _______ ___________
Brieland study with pigs--> optimal conditioning was not achieved due to the phenomenon of ___________ ________
Directing attention to a particular place or object, making it more likely the observer will approach that place or object.
Sillman and Mare study with dogs --> using escapable and unescapable shock deomnstrated _______ __________
Duplicating a novel behavior (or sequence of behaviors) to achieve a specific goal.
- Thoughts/increase anxiety
- Actions/decrease anxiety
startled by snakes-->shocks from toaster--> uncomfortable handling toaster-->what accounts for fear?
Jack yawns after his dad does, this is an example of _______ __________
A type of elicited behavior in which an orgamism approaches a stimulus that signals the presentation of an appettive event
the most effective treatment for OCD
Exposure Response Prevention (ERP)
Innate tendency to associate certain stimuli with each other