learning and conditioning final exam

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learning and conditioning final exam
2012-04-27 10:45:48
penn state psych 461 final exam

learning and conditioning final exam
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  1. The behavioral contingencyused for maintaing escape and avoidance responses?
    negative reinforcement
  2. When a reinforcer is removed after a problem behavior occurs______ _________
    response cost
  3. language can be used in a variety of contexts and is not fixed in a particular situation.
    situational freedom (characteristic of language)
  4. Name three problems with the use of punishment
    • -vistim might start of avoid the person who punishes them
    • -individual may have an aggressive response/reaction
    • -does not teach appropriate behavior
    • -person delivering punishment could become an SD
    • -likely to elicit a strong emotional response
    • -can teach a person to imitate punishment
    • -strongly reinforces the person delivering the punishment
  5. The ability to associate arbitrary symbols with objects or events
    reference (charcteristic of language)
  6. The tendency to imiatate a new modeled behavior in the absence of any specific reinforcement for doing so.
    generalized imitation
  7. Behavior that terminates an aversive stimiulus is called ________ behavior, whereas behavior that prevents an adversive stimulus from occurring is called _______ behavior.
    escape ; aviodance
  8. A person vows they will stop swearing, but the continue to do so, it is likely that when they were younger they recieved a lot of ____________
    reinforcement for say/do correspondence
  9. Taste aversion to oatmeal results in not liking other things like oatmeal is an example of...
    stimulus generalization
  10. Mauer says an avoidance response has two processes ________ and ___________
    classical conditioning (fear response) and operant conditioning (avoidance response negatively reinforceed by fear reduction).
  11. The bad taste of rotten food will likely function as a _______ punisher
  12. The ideal time interval between delivery of a reinforcer for the greatest rate of adjunct behavior in rats as well as humans is ___________ minutes
    2 to 3
  13. An event likely to result in PTSD
    inturder in your bedroom
  14. The type of behavior contingency mist likely to strenghten a pattern of aggression is _______ ___________
    positive punishment
  15. Brieland study with pigs--> optimal conditioning was not achieved due to the phenomenon of ___________ ________
    instinctive drift
  16. Directing attention to a particular place or object, making it more likely the observer will approach that place or object.
    stimiulus enhancement
  17. Sillman and Mare study with dogs --> using escapable and unescapable shock deomnstrated _______ __________
    learned helplessness
  18. Duplicating a novel behavior (or sequence of behaviors) to achieve a specific goal.
    true imitation
  19. Obssesions=__________
    • Thoughts/increase anxiety
    • Actions/decrease anxiety
  20. startled by snakes-->shocks from toaster--> uncomfortable handling toaster-->what accounts for fear?
    biological preparedness
  21. Jack yawns after his dad does, this is an example of _______ __________
    contageous behavior
  22. A type of elicited behavior in which an orgamism approaches a stimulus that signals the presentation of an appettive event
    sign tracking
  23. the most effective treatment for OCD
    Exposure Response Prevention (ERP)
  24. Innate tendency to associate certain stimuli with each other
    CS/US relavence