Path II

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  1. What is inflammation of the tunica vaginalis?
  2. What neoplasia of the tunica vaginalis is most often reported in old dogs and bulls?
    Scrotal mesothelioma
  3. What is inflammatory changes of the vesicular glands?
    Seminal vesiculitis
  4. What type of seminal vasculitis is common in the bull, but is rare in stallion and boar?
    Chronic interstitial seminal vasculitis/ampullitis
  5. What is most often secondary to epididymitis and seminal vesiculitis?
  6. What significant disease of the bulbourethral gland affects castrated male sheep (wethers) grazing clover pastures high in phytoestrogens?
    Bulbourethral hyperplasia
  7. In what animals is prostatic atrophy common? 2
    • Older dogs (older than 11 years)
    • Dogs following castration
  8. What is usually the cause of hyperplasia/hypertrophy of the prostate in the dog?
    Hormonal imbalance (estrogen or testosterone)
  9. What is the clinical significance of hyperplasia/hypertrophy of the prostate? 2
    • Constipation (more common)
    • Obstruction of urinary flow (less common)
  10. What is the most common cause of squamous metaplasia of the prostatic acini in the dog?
    Sertoli cell tumor producing estrogen
  11. What is prostatitis in the dog usually due to?
    Ascending bacterial infection
  12. What type of prostatitis shows up as enlarged, edematous, and abscesses are common?
    Acute prostatitis
  13. What type of prostatitis shows up as small and firm with focal to multifocal lesions?
    Chronic prostatitis
  14. What type of prostatic neoplasms are usually seen in older dogs? 2
    • Carcinomas
    • Adenocarcinomas
  15. Abnormalities in the development of the penis and prepuce are most common in what animal?
  16. What type of abnormalities in the development of the penis and prepuce are often seen in the bull? 5
    • Hypoplasia
    • Persistent penile frenulum
    • Congenital short penis
    • Hypospadias
    • Epispadias
  17. What is the result of presistent penile frenulum?
    Ventral deviation of the penis when the penis is extended
  18. What is failure of the closure of the urogenital groove on the ventral surface of the penis anywhere along it's length?
  19. What is failure of the closure of the urogenital groove on the dorsal surface of the penis?
  20. When is formation of a penile hematoma most common?
    Most commonly in bulls during mating
  21. What breed of cattle is preputial laceration and prolapse most common?
    Brahma and Brahma-cross bulls
  22. Inability to protrude the penis from the prepuce =>
  23. Inability to retract the penis into the prepuce =>
  24. Inflammation of the penis =>
  25. Inflammation of the preputial epithelium =>
  26. Inflammation of the penis and prepuce =>
  27. What virus causes epithelial necrosis and ulceration of the penis and prepuce, with small raised nodules forming during healing?
    • Bovine Herpesvirus 1
    • IBR (Infect Bov Rhinotrach)
    • IPV (Infect Pustular Vulvovaginitis)
    • IBP (infect balano-posthitis)
  28. What virus, similar to bovine herpesvirus 1, is more commonly observed on the shaft of the penis in horses?
    Equine coital exanthema (equine herpesvirus 3)
  29. What bacteria is usually the cause of sheath rot (balanoposthitis) in male sheep?
    Corynebacterium renale
  30. What tumor is commonly seen in the non-pigmented areas of the sheath and penis in aged animals (horses)?
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  31. What neoplasm in young bulls (less than 2 years) are caused by bovine papillomavirus 2 and normally involves the glans penis?
  32. Scrotal Mesothelioma usually occurs in... 2
    • Dogs (old)
    • Bulls
  33. Sertoli Cell Tumer -> Estrogen -> Squamous Cell Metaplasia of the Prostatic Acini in which species?
  34. Chronic Interstitial Seminal Vasiculitis/Ampulitis commonly occurs in...
    • Bull
    • (Rare in Stallion and Boar)
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Path II
Path II
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