Card Set Information
psych test notes
a long term change in behavior or capabilities due to experience
Also known as Pavlovian Conditioning
a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus
Developed by Ivan Pavlov
stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning
unlearned reaction to the UCS that occurs without previoius conditioning
previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response
learned reaction to a CS that occurs because of previous conditioning
Acquisition in classical conditioning tends to be gradual
gradual weakening and dissappearance of a conditional responce tendancy
an organism that has learned a response to a stimulus responds in the same way to a new stimuli that are similer to the original
Form of learning in which responses come to be controlled by their consequences
Schedules of Reinforcement
determines which occurances of a specific response result in the presentation of a reinforcer
every instance of a designated response is reinforced
occurs when a designated response is reinforced only some of the time
the reinforcer is given after a fixed number of non reinforced responses
Example of Fixed Ratio
bonus for every 10th item sold
the reinforcer is given after a variable number of non reinforced responses
Example of Variable Ratio
the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed
Example of Fixed Interval
checking a washing machine
the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed
Example of Variable Interval
dialing a number many times when the line is busy
smallest units in a language that can be distinguished
smallest units of meaning in a language
area of language concerned with understanding the meaning of words and word combinations
a system of rules that specify how words can be rearranged in a sentance
When does the early production of language like sound start?
What is the name for the initial sounds that children make?
Babbling stops at what age?
the process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure
What are some of the different developments that humans go through?
one celled organism formed from the sperm and egg
things that can harm an unborn baby
Germinal Period (Conception-2 Weeks)
attaches to uterine wall
Embryonic Period (2-8 Weeks)
organogenisis occurs, which is the beginning development of organs
Fetal Period (8-20 Weeks)
lots of growth
the characteristic mood, activity level, and emotional reactivity of a child
Children are born with certain temperaments
temperaments have an impact on..
What stage of cognitive development happens at birth to 2 years?
What stage of cognitive development happens at 2-6 years?
what stage of cognitive development happens at 7-11 years?
what stage of cognitive development happens at age 12- adulthood?
object permanence- objects exist even when out of view
emerges at about 8 months