anatomy #2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
150543
Filename:
anatomy #2
Updated:
2012-04-27 19:48:57
Tags:
anatomy
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Description:
starts with tidal volume
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  1. the amount of air going into & out of the lungs during normal, quiet breathing
    tidal volume
  2. the max volume of air that can be exhaled after max inhalation (how much in males)
    vital capacity (4.8 L in males)
  3. the amount of air that remains in the lungs after the deepest possible expiration (how much in males)
    residual volume (1.2 L in males)
  4. the total volume of air u in the lungs after max inhalation (how much in males)
    lung capacity (6L in males)
  5. air that remains in the lungs after the lungs have collapsed
    minimal air
  6. an air or fluid filled blister or bubble
    bleb
  7. the area of the upper medulla oblongata that sends nerve impulses that regulate the rate of respiration (stimulated by?) (elevation of?)
    respiratory center (stimulated ny ta decreased pH level in the blood) (Co2 elevation)
  8. the nerves from the respiratory center of the brain that causes the contraction & relaxation of the diaphragm (?)
    phranic nerves (involuntary)
  9. the nerves from the respiratory center of the brain that cause the contraction and relaxation of the intercolstal muscles (?) *voluntary conrtol of breathing arises from body surfaces or the cerebral cortex, & travel on the vagus nerve (ex.?)
    intercostal nerves (involuntary) (holding breath, cold water on skin)
  10. an involuntary spasm of the diaphragm during inhaling, and sudden closing of the glottis which makes the sound
    hiccup
  11. a long, involuntary breathing of air with the mouth usually wide open (caused by?)
    yawning (thought to be caused ny low oxygen levels in the lungs)
  12. the act of stretching & yawning
    pandiculation
  13. the entry of air into the plearal cavity; which causes the lung to collapse (ex?)
    pneumo thorax (bullet hole, stab wound)
  14. a usually allergic reaction to something in the air (like pollen) and an accompanying wheezing, coughing, & gasping for air due to constricted air passageway
    asthma
  15. a highly contagious lung disease caused by the tubericle bacillus bacteria
    tuberculosis
  16. a temporary absence of breathing
    apnea
  17. an iflammation of the nasal cavity lining
    rhinitis
  18. rhin means
    nose
  19. plastic surgery of the nose
    rhinoplasty
  20. an inflammation of the sinus cavity lining
    sinusitis
  21. the machine designed to keep peopl with sleep apnea breathing while they are sleeping
    CPAP
  22. CPAP means
    continuous positive airway pressure

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