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1. TPC
• 1:500,000
• Tactical Pilotage Chart
• Lambert Conformal
2. Lambert Conformal
• Parallels: equally spaced concentric circles
• Meridians: straight lines converging at poles
• Scale: constant distance
• Great Circle: Plot as straight lines
3. Course
intended flight path
angular distance of the aircraft's longitudinal axis from a reference
5. Track
acual flight path over the ground
6. Variation
angular difference between true north and magnetic north
7. isogonic line
connects points of equal variation
8. Mag Var Formulas
• MC=TC - East Var
• MC=TC + West Var
9. Each time zone is centered on a meridian that is a multiple of ________ degrees.
15
10. On lambert conformal one nautical mile equals __________ and can be measured along a __________ line.
one minute of arc , longitude
11. All merdians of Lambert conformal charts are oriented toward (true/magnetic) north pole.
true
12. _________ is a chart made from a cylindrical projection.
Mercator
13. Primary and Secondary Compass Systems
Primary: Remote Gyro Vertical Compass Card
14. Secondary: Stand-by Compass (Wet Compass)
15. Three types of Electronic Navigation
Signals from Ground Stations (TACAN, VORTAC etc)

Self Transmitted Signals (Radar, Doppler etc)

magnetic
17. For every ______ degrees celsius the temperature varies from standard, the altimeter will be in error ______%.
11 , 4
18. Enroute winds from a forecaster are ______ winds while surface winds received from ATC and Approach/Departure Control are ________ winds.
true, magnetic
19. Drift Angle
the angle between true heading and track
20. Air Vector
TH/TAS
21. Ground Vector
TC/GS
22. 10% Rule
if the crosswind component is 10% of true airspeed, the Crab Angle should be 6 degrees.
23. Crab Angle
amount of correction an aircraft must be turned into the wind in order to maintain desired course
24. The primary purpose of a jet log is _______.
fuel management
25. How do you find CAS?
IAS corrected for instrument error
26. How do you find GS?
TAS corrected for head or tail winds
27. In order to find TAS, what information do you need?
PA, CAS, OAT
28. What information do you need to find the Mach number?
CAS and PA
29. What information do you need to calculate inflight winds?
TK, TAS, Winds
30. What are the 4 steps in flight planning?
• 1. True course and direction
• 2. True heading and Ground speed
• 3. Estimate time en-route using GS
• 4. Use time to estimate fuel consumption.
31. What is the main means of Navigation?
32. What are the 4 factors of Navigation?
Speed, Position, Direction, Time
33. How many great circles are Latitude Lines, Which ones?
1, Equator
34. What is the prime meridian?
The Great Circle that passes through Greenwich England
35. What is the 180 meridian?
International Date Line
36. What are the main instruments used in Navigation?
Clock, BDHI, and Airspeed Indicator
37. What are the 2 secondary instruments used in navigation?
Altimeter, OAT Gauge
38. What is the Remote Gyro Vertical Compass Card?
The BDHI. It is the primary means of direction.
39. What are forms of Ground Based Radar?
VORTAC and TACAN
40. What are forms of space based radar?
Satellite
41. What are Longitude great circles referred to as?
Meridians
42. What are the two types of charts used in Air Navigation?
• Tactical Plan Chart (TPC)
43. What is a Lambert Conformal Chart?
A conformal chart where the parallels are curved and the straight lines are the meridians
44. What is used to measure True Course?
Meridians
45. What is the plotter used for?
To measure direction
46. What are Dividers used for?
To measure distance
47. How many degrees are in 1 hour of rotation?
15
48. How do you find IAS?
Read it off of the cockpit gauge

### Card Set Information

 Author: beardpapa ID: 150672 Filename: API Navigation Updated: 2012-04-30 01:41:52 Tags: API 12 25 Folders: Description: Navigation Knowledge Show Answers:

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