Science - The Skeleton
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List the functions of the skeleton.
What is bone?
This is a group of cells and calcium held together
What is a joint?
This is where two bones meet
List three different types of joints and give an example of each.
Fused joints eg. the skull
Ball and socket joint eg. hip and shoulder
Hinge joint eg. knee and elbow
What is the difference between a ligament and a tendon?
A ligament joins bone to bone whereas a tendon joins muscle to bone
Explain the role of antagonistic muscles.
Antagonistic muscles work opposite each other eg. biceps and triceps
When a person lifts a book the biceps contracts and the triceps relax. When the book is lowered the biceps relax and the triceps contract.
Name the part labelled A
Name the part labelled B
Name the part labelled C
Name the part labelled D
Name the bone labelled A
Name the bone labelled B
Name the bone labelled C
Name the bone labelled D
Name the bone labelled E
Name the bone labelled F
Name the part labelled G
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