Avian I

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Avian I
2012-04-28 15:54:38

Avian I
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  1. What are usual vaccinations for birds? 5
    • polyoma
    • pox
    • pachecos
    • EEE
    • WEE
  2. What does the normal dropping contain?
    • Urine
    • Feces
    • Urates
  3. What does lack of urate mean in droppings?
    kidney disease,
  4. A lack of urates is normal in...
  5. What might polyuria mean indicate? 3
    • Nervous birds
    • Dehydration
    • Diabetes mellitus
  6. What Dz's are characterized by bright green feces? 5
    • Liver disease
    • Anorexia
    • Metal toxicosis
    • Chlamydiophyla
    • E. coli
  7. What Dz is characterized by large bulky pale feces?
    Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
  8. What is included in the observational exam of a bird? 5
    • Conformation
    • Dropping wing
    • Feather/body condition
    • Behaviors during history
    • Neurologic
  9. Where do you auscultate the lung fields?
    dorsal coelom
  10. Where do you auscultate the heart, caudal and cranial airsacs?
    ventral coelom
  11. What is a band of featherless pigmented skin on the base of the beak?
  12. What is a normal fecal gram stain in birds?
    • 150 bacteria/field
    • 70% G+ rod
    • 30% G+ cocci
    • (more G- bacteria in carnivores)
  13. What does borderline malnutrition in the fecal gram stain in birds look like?
    • few bacteria
    • > 90% G+ rod
    • <10% G+ cocci
    • occasional G- rod
  14. Where do you inject the polyoma vaccination in birds?
    SQ, ventral keel.
  15. What injection route is used widely in avian medicine?
    intramuscular route
  16. What is the most common IM route in avian medicine and why?
    • Pectoral
    • Keel protects coelom
  17. Why is the rear limb avoided in IM injection?
    renal portal system
  18. What are vessels used for IV route? 4
    • Medial Metatarsal
    • Basilic
    • Jugular
    • Caudal Occipital Sinus
  19. How much drugs are appropriate in the distal ulna?
    > 500g
  20. How much drugs are appropriate in the proximal tibiotarsus?
    <500 g
  21. What topical medication should you NOT give to a bird?
  22. Why should you not give birds topical steroids? 3
    • Immunocompromise
    • Hemorrhage/Hypopyon
    • Aqueous flare
  23. What type of bandage should you use for tarsometatarsus and below?
    ball bandage
  24. What bandage is used in fractures, luxations, and wounds distal to the humerous, wing is brought together as a single unit, intitial wrap is placed high in the axillary region, normal wing position maintained?
    figure 8 bandage
  25. What is the maintenance fluid rate for birds?
    50-100 ml/kg/day
  26. What are signs of over hydration? 4
    • Apprehension
    • Regurgitation
    • Tachycardia
    • Dyspnea
  27. C/S of hypoproteinemia?
    • Cardiovascular Collapse
    • Pulmonary Edema
  28. Do birds have blood types?
  29. How much blood volume can safely be taken from a donor for transfusion?
    up to 10% of BV