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What are usual vaccinations for birds? 5
What does the normal dropping contain?
What does lack of urate mean in droppings?
A lack of urates is normal in...
What might polyuria mean indicate? 3
- Nervous birds
- Diabetes mellitus
What Dz's are characterized by bright green feces? 5
- Liver disease
- Metal toxicosis
- E. coli
What Dz is characterized by large bulky pale feces?
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
What is included in the observational exam of a bird? 5
- Dropping wing
- Feather/body condition
- Behaviors during history
Where do you auscultate the lung fields?
Where do you auscultate the heart, caudal and cranial airsacs?
What is a band of featherless pigmented skin on the base of the beak?
What is a normal fecal gram stain in birds?
- 150 bacteria/field
- 70% G+ rod
- 30% G+ cocci
- (more G- bacteria in carnivores)
What does borderline malnutrition in the fecal gram stain in birds look like?
- few bacteria
- > 90% G+ rod
- <10% G+ cocci
- occasional G- rod
Where do you inject the polyoma vaccination in birds?
SQ, ventral keel.
What injection route is used widely in avian medicine?
What is the most common IM route in avian medicine and why?
- Keel protects coelom
Why is the rear limb avoided in IM injection?
renal portal system
What are vessels used for IV route? 4
- Medial Metatarsal
- Caudal Occipital Sinus
How much drugs are appropriate in the distal ulna?
How much drugs are appropriate in the proximal tibiotarsus?
What topical medication should you NOT give to a bird?
Why should you not give birds topical steroids? 3
- Aqueous flare
What type of bandage should you use for tarsometatarsus and below?
What bandage is used in fractures, luxations, and wounds distal to the humerous, wing is brought together as a single unit, intitial wrap is placed high in the axillary region, normal wing position maintained?
figure 8 bandage
What is the maintenance fluid rate for birds?
What are signs of over hydration? 4
C/S of hypoproteinemia?
- Cardiovascular Collapse
- Pulmonary Edema
Do birds have blood types?
How much blood volume can safely be taken from a donor for transfusion?
up to 10% of BV