Avian V

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Author:
HLW
ID:
150723
Filename:
Avian V
Updated:
2012-04-28 15:54:17
Tags:
Avian
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Avian V
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  1. How is poultry enteritis controlled? 4
    • Increase time between flocks
    • Fresh litter
    • Insect control
    • Vx breeders
  2. What is an acute fatal viral disease of young turkeys, 6-12 weeks, sudden death, bloody feces, adenovirus type II, blood soiled vent region?
    hemorrhagic enteritis
  3. What is a viral disease of young chickens with sudden onset, high mortality, and hepatitis. Is caused by an adenovirus, vertical and horizontal transmission, acute mortality increase, pale skin?
    inclusion body hepatitis
  4. How are paratyphoid infections transmitted? 6
    • Horizontal
    • Vertical
    • Eggshell contamination
    • Brooders
    • Feed
    • Rats/Birds
  5. C/S of paratyphoid lesions in young birds? 5
    • Failure to hatch
    • yolk sacculitis
    • Septicemia
    • Blindness
    • Mult Organ Inflammation
  6. What agents are involved in pullorum disease? 2
    • S pullorum
    • S. gallinarum
  7. What diseases are involved in the National Poultry Improvement Plan? 4
    • Pollorum disease
    • Fowl typhoid
    • Mycoplasmosis
    • Avian influenza
  8. What is also a human pathogen, involves diarrhea, fever, abrominal cramping, nausea, chills, linkage to consumption of raw or improperly cooked eggs?
    salmonella enteritidis
  9. What are coliform gastrointestinal pathogens? 7
    • E coli
    • Pseudomonas
    • Klebsiella
    • Citrobacter
    • Aeromonas
    • Bacillus
    • Enterobacter
  10. What is the causative agent of tuberculosis?
    mycobacterium avium
  11. C/S of tuberculosis? 3
    • Progressive debilitation
    • Localized infections (joints, gut, & respiratory)
    • Gray-white nodules in Liver, Spleen & Intestine.
  12. What is the causative agent of campylobacteriosis?
    campylobacter jejuni
  13. What causes ulcerative enteritis?
    clostridium colinum
  14. What causes necrotic enteritis?
    clostridium perfringens
  15. What causes gangrenous dermatitis?
    clostridium perfringens
  16. What are the lesions of ulcerative enteritis? 2
    • GI ulcers
    • Liver/Spleen Infarcts
    • (Secondary peritonitis can mask enteric disease)
  17. Necrotic enteritis is promoted by what type of diet? 2
    • Animal by products
    • Wheat
  18. What are the lesions of necrotic enteritis? 2
    • Fibrinonecrotic enteriti
    • Hepatic infarction
  19. What is the causative agent of thrush?
    candida albicans
  20. Where do ascarid eggs hatch in the chicken? 2
    • Proventriculus
    • Gizzard
  21. How long does it take L5 stage or ascarid to mature in the chicken?
    28-30 days
  22. When are ascarid eggs infective?
    in 7-28 days
  23. Tapeworm intermediate host: 4
    • Beetles
    • Grasshoppers
    • Snails
    • Flies
  24. Methods for coccidia control in commercial poultry: 4
    • Vaccines
    • Ionophore
    • Develop immunity
    • Coccidia-cidal drugs
  25. What cecal worm causes histomonas meleagridis?
    heterakis gallinarum
  26. Lead poisoning in birds is diagnostic at ___ in blood & ___ in liver/kidney
    • blood= >0.5 ppm
    • liver and kidney= >6 ppm
  27. What level is diagnostic for zinc poisoning?
    > 4 ppm
  28. What level is diagnostic for iron poisoning?
    1000+ ppm

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