Digestive System 1

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Author:
thinkrussia
ID:
150805
Filename:
Digestive System 1
Updated:
2012-04-28 21:02:30
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Digestive system
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Description:
Anatomy final
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  1. What is another name for the GI tract?
    alimentary canal
  2. What is the GI tract made of?
    • oral cavity
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small intestine
    • large intestine
  3. What are the accessory digestive organs?
    • teeth
    • tongue
    • salivary glands
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  4. What are the six functions of the digestive system?
    • ingestion
    • digestion
    • propulsion
    • secretion
    • absorption
    • elimination
  5. What is the space between lips and gums?
    vestibule
  6. What's another name for the lips?
    labia
  7. How are the lips attached to the gums?
    labial frenulum
  8. What is the partially digest material called once you swallow?
    bolus
  9. What attaches the tongue to the bottom of the mouth?
    lingual frenulum
  10. How much saliva is secreted each day?
    1-1.5 liters
  11. What are the three salivary glands?
    • parotic: largest, anterior and inferior to ear, infected with mumps, has parotid duct
    • submandibular salivary glands: gleeker
    • sublingual salivary glands: inferior to tongue and internal to the oral cavity mucosa
  12. Which nerves innervate the submandibular, sublingual, and parotid glands?
    • facial nerve (7): submandibular and sublingual
    • glossopharyngeal (9): parotid
  13. How many deciduous and permanent teeth are there?
    20, then 32
  14. What three skeletal muscle pairs for the wall of the pharynx?
    superior/middle/inferior pharyngeal constrictors. innervated by vagus nerve (10)
  15. What are the intraperitoneal organs?
    • stomach
    • jejunum and ileum
    • cecum
    • appendix
    • most of large intestine
  16. What are the retroperitoneal organs?
    • duodenum
    • pancreas
    • kidneys
    • ascending colon
    • descending colon
    • rectum
  17. What holds the large intestine down?
    mesocolon
  18. What holds the liver to the anterior internal abdominal wall?
    falciform ligament
  19. What are the four tunics, from deep to superficial?
    • mucosa
    • submucosa
    • muscularis
    • either adventitia or serosa: adventitia in retroperitoneal portion of duodenum, serosa covered by visceral peritoneum
  20. What is the place where the esophagus passes through the diaphragm?
    esophageal hiatus
  21. What is swallowing called?
    deglutition
  22. What are the four regions of the stomach?
    • cardia
    • fundus
    • body
    • pylorus

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