Explain the social learning theory making reference to two relevant studies.
*Social Learning Theory assumes that humans learn behavior through observational learning by watching models and imitating their behavior. The models can either have indirect or direct influence on the
- -Factors of the Social Learning Theory:1. attention (observer must pay attention to the model.)
- 2. retention (observer must remember observed action.)
- 3. motor reproduction (must be able to physically replicate the action.)
- 4. motivation (observer must be motivated to replicate action)
- a) consistency: model must be consitent across situations
- b) indentification towards the model: connection to them
- c) rewards/punishments
- d) liking the model
: (1961) the Bobo doll experiment in which a confederate adult was used to measure hw much a child imitated the adult when the adult was being mean or haming the bobo doll. So what happened was that the child imitated the adult in the Bobo doll experiment in that they also hit, threw, yelled, and/or kicked the Bobo doll much like the confederate adult did. The more aggressive the adult, the more aggressive the child became.
-Huesmann and Eron:
(1986) - longitudinal study that monitors childrens behavior over a fifteen year period and found that the number of violent shows watched positively correlated with aggressive behaviors in teenage years. Eight year olds who watched a lot of violent television shows, had a higher chance to be arrested and prosecuted for criminal acts as an adult.
- -Kimball and Zabrack: (1986) - the Canadian violent children study to determine if there is a correlation betweem violence on television and aggressive behavior that found that the kids became more aggressive two years after introduction of television into the town
- -Limitations: there could have been past experiences of violence and/or abuse.
*Television is not always a negative influence. Sesame Street was aired in order to develop and teach academic and social skills. The Sabido Method was employed, based on Bandura's Socail Learning Theory, to change behavior (i.e. safe sex, family planning, and gender equality)*
helps explain why behaviors may be passed down through generations -explains why children pick up on human traits without trial and error learning.
although the actions can be aquired, they may not always be demonstrated (a gap exists between observation and behavior). -some never learn how to do a behavior despite the model.