Plants & Humans

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  1. Define autotrophs
    organisms that use light energy to make organic compounds
  2. photsynthesis equation
    • CO2 + H2O ------> C6H12O6 + O2
    • raw ingrediants light sugars waste product
    • chlorophyll
  3. What are photons?
    packets of energy
  4. How is the wavelength proportionate to the amount of energy that it contains?
    The energy of a photon is inversely proportional to the length of the wavelength
  5. How do pigments work (in general).
    pigments absorb light. they reflect the wavelength of light which are not absorbed.
  6. Label a Chloroplast
    Image Upload
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  7. What colors are the accessory pigments?
    • Carotenoids- reds, orange, yellow
    • Anthocyanins- red to purple
  8. What is Vitamin A
    beta carotene
  9. What are the two reactions in photosynthesis?
    Light reaction and Calvin cycle
  10. Which stage is water split?
    Light reaction
  11. Which stage is water released
    Calvin cycle
  12. Which stage is ATP synthesized?
    Light reaction
  13. Which stage is glucose produced?
    Calvin Cycle
  14. Equation for cellular respiration
    • (glucose) + O2 ----->>> ATP + CO2 + H2O
    • C6H12O6
  15. Where does cellular respiration begin and end
    begins in cytoplasm ends in mitochondrion
  16. The differences between anaerobic and aerobic respiration
  17. What are biofuels and biodiesel?
    • biofuels are made from biomass (organic matter)
    • biodiesal is made from vegetable oils, animal fats or recycled greases
  18. What does alcoholic fermentation produce? How many ATP's made?
    • produces ethyl alcohol and CO2
    • 2 ATP's
  19. What happens in each stage of cellular respiration (how many ATP’s produced also, where iscarbon dioxide produced, etc.)
    • 1. glycolysis-2 ATP
    • 2. krebs- 2 ATP
    • 3. electron transport chain- 34 ATP
Card Set:
Plants & Humans
2012-04-29 03:39:40

final exam
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