The flashcards below were created by user chooper812 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Which of the following activities, if supported by documentation, is least likely to cause legal problems for an employer?
    • A) Firing an employee for polititcal activity in a medical office.
    • B) Sexually harassing another employee.
    • C) Firing an employee because of race.
    • D) Dismissing an employee for just cause.
  2. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • A) Make discrimination in the workplace illegal.
    • B) Applies to businesses with 25 employees or more.
    • C) Does not cover discrimination with respect to gender.
    • D) Applies only to hiring and firing of employees.
  3. Which of the following is NOT a form of sexual harassment?
    • A) Unwanted sexual advances.
    • B) Requests for sexual favors as a condition of employment.
    • C) Sexual behavior that creates a hostile work environment.
    • D) Consensual dating between two employees.
  4. The primary source of information for OSHA standards is?
    • A) The medical office policy handbook.
    • B) The state code.
    • C) The Federal Register
    • D) Title II of the Civil Rights Act.
  5. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspectors may?
    • A) Conduct workplace inspections.
    • B) Issue citations for workplace violations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
    • C) Levy penalties upon employers in the form of fine.
    • D) All of these.
  6. Which of the following is NOT against the law?
    • A) Asking a job applicant to take a drug or lie detector test as a condition of employment.
    • B) Firing an employee for belonging to a union.
    • C) Sexual harassment of an employee.
    • D) Asking a job applicant about his or her religion.
  7. Which of the following questions is improper if asked by a person interviewing an applicant for a job in a medical office?
    • A) What related job experience do you have?
    • B) When can you begin work?
    • C) May I see proof of your U.S. citizenship?
    • D) Where does your spouse work?
  8. For which types of compensation benefits may workers injured on the job apply?
    • A) Medical treatment
    • B) Surgical treatment
    • C) Permanent disability benefits
    • D) All of these
  9. Many states have right-to-know laws, which
    • A) Establish procedures for compensating workers who are injured on the job.
    • B) Allow employees broader access to information about toxic or hazardous substances.
    • C) Specify how to report an on-the-job injury or illness.
    • D) Prohibit employers from retaliating against employees who file complaints.
  10. What is the authority by which OSHA can levy fines for exposure to HBV, based upon the Center for Disease Control guidelines?
    • A) Chemical Hygiene Plan
    • B) General Duty Clause of the Hazard Communication Standard
    • C) Workers' Compensation
    • D) Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
  11. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) differs from the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 in that it
    • A) Bars left handedness as a disability.
    • B) Is a state, rather than a federal, statue.
    • C) Mandates equal access for the disabled to certain public facilities.
    • D) Was passed before 1973.
  12. Which of the following workplace laws most specifically regulates hazardous equipment in the medical office?
    • A) Hazardous Waste Tract Act
    • B) Title II of the Civil Rights Act
    • C) Workers' Compensation law
    • D) Hazard Communication Standard
  13. The term quid pro quo means?
    • A) Quantity vs. Quality
    • B) Something for something
    • C) Quality and Professionalism
    • D) None of these
  14. Tom tells Kate that if she will go out on a date with him, he will see that she gets a pay raise. This is an example of...
    • A) Quid pro quo.
    • B) Qui tam
    • C) Respondeat Superior
    • D) All of these
  15. The local hospital nurses are trying to unionize. The leaders of this effort are demoted. One of them is terminated. Is this
    • A) Legal, because employers have the right to eliminate troublemakers.
    • B) Legal, because the nurses are probably spending more time trying to organize then doing their work.
    • C) Illegal, because federal law prohibits discrimination because of union activity.
    • D) Illegal, because federal law prohibits the termination of healthcare workers.

  16. The Family Leave Act
    • A) Allows for paid leave of up to a year for maternity leave, adoption, or caring for sick family members.
    • B) Allows for unpaid leave for maternity leave, adoption, or caring for a sick family member.
    • C) Establishes a policy that all time off must be paid.
    • D) None of these
  17. Which of the following statements regarding abuse and domestic violence is NOT true?
    • A) Healthcare Practitioners should use care and good judgment to avoid making unsubstantiated abuse reports.
    • B) One should always encourage an abused adult to leave the batterer immediately.
    • C) Unexplained fractures and other injuries may indicate that abuse has occurred.
    • D) Potential abuse may be identified by observing the possible abuser, as well as the suspected victim.
  18. Sara Vincent lives next door to an 87 year old women named Joanna. She usually sees Joanna every couple of days in her garden. Recently, Joanna's son Victor moved in with his mother to take care of her. Sarah has heard yelling and screaming coming from Joanna's home and has not seen Joanna in several weeks. When she goes over to visit Joanna, Victor answers the door and won't let Sarah in the house. What should Sarah do?
    • A) Nothing, it isn't her business.
    • B) Call the local police.
    • C) Report the problem to the elder abuse hotline.
    • D) None of these.
  19. Mary Smith is 27 years old and married to John. She comes to the emergency room with massive bruises and possible internal injuries. Mary says they are a result of falling down the stairs. The nurse suspects spousal abuse. The nurse must:
    • A) Immediately call the police.
    • B) Tell Mary she doesn't believe her and get her to tell the truth.
    • C) Immediately call the chaplain in the hospital.
    • D) None of these.
  20. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are:
    • A) Only used in hospitals.
    • B) Must be updated every two years.
    • C) Are necessary in any office that has any hazardous material.
    • D) Only used in medical laboratories.
  21. The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard is designed to protect healthcare workers against:
    • A) Cancer causing agents in the blood.
    • B) Contagious diseases like HBV that are bloodborne.
    • C) Genetic diseases like Sickle Cell Anemia.
    • D) All of these.
  22. Self employed individuals must:
    • A) Pay only 1/2 of the FICA tax.
    • B) Deduct withholding from their paycheck.
    • C) Make quarterly payments for city, state, and federal income taxes.
    • D) All of these
  23. Affirmative Action Plans:
    • A) Are illegal
    • B) may be ordered by a judge if it is determined that the employer intentionally discriminated against a minority group.
    • C) Are meant to eliminate the unintentional effects of discrimination.
    • D) None of these
  24. The Federal law that requires public access for individuals who are disabled is the:
    • A) Rehabilitation Act
    • B) Civil Rights Act
    • C) Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    • D) Disabilities Access Act
  25. Universal Precautions are used:
    • A) To protect individuals from exposure to safety hazards from handling human tissue.
    • B) In the disposal of sharps.
    • C) To safeguard the patients as well as the healthcare worker.
    • D) All of these.
  26. Which of the following is NOT true of Title VII of the Civil RIghts Act of 1964:
    • A) It makes discrimmination in the workplace illegal.
    • B) It applies to businesses with 25 employees or more.
    • C) It covers discrimmination with respect to gender.
    • D) It covers discrimmination on the job, as well as hiring and firing practices.
  27. The term for treating employees differently in hiring, firing, work assignments, or other aspects of employment because of personal traits or practices is called ______ and is illegal.
  28. Who is held liable under sexual harassment laws if a supervisory employee sexually harasses another worker, and the employer knew about the harassment but did nothing to stop it?
  29. The common law concept of wrongful discharge is called:
  30. To protect himself or herself from wrongful discharge litigation, an employer must have documentation that shows_____ ______ for dismissing an employee.
  31. As a phlebotomist for a medical clinic, you frequently eat lunch in the laboratory where you draw blood from patients. Briefly explain what is wrong with this pratice:
  32. All states have passed legislation making child abuse a crime. A health care practitioner who suspects and reports child abuse is, therefore, granted ______ from criminal and civil liability resulting from the report.
Card Set
Medical Law and Ethics Final Exam Review
Show Answers