Humanities Final Exam

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lowckf
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Humanities Final Exam
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2012-04-29 17:44:52
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Intro to Humanities final Exam
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  1. This term is used to describe the Late Stone Age when agricultural skills had been developed but stone was still the principal material for tools and weapons.
    Neolithic
  2. This is the sight of the great Sphinx that stands near the three colossal pyramids built for Pharaohs Cheops, Chefren, and Mycerinus.
    Giza
  3. A code of laws was developed by this Babylonian ruler.
    Hammurabi
  4. . This statue marks the “turning point” between
    the late Archaic world and the early Classical world
    Kritios Boy
  5. What field is the basis for the philosophical
    system devised by Pythagoras?
    Mathematics
  6. Who is considered the “Father of History”?
    Herodotus
  7. This is the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War.
    Thucydidas
  8. A Greek word meaning “virgin,” this term is
    the source from which the Greeks derived the name for Athena’s temple atop the Acropolis.
    parthenos
  9. Which two powers were involved in the Peloponnesian War?
    Athens and Spartas
  10. This is Rome’s first emperor, under whose rule the empire achieved unequaled peace and prosperity.
    Ceasar Augustus
  11. During this Roman emperor’s reign, the Pantheon was built.
    Hadrian
  12. This system in India divides all of society into several subgroups.
    caste
  13. This Chinese ruler directed construction of the Great Wall to defend his empire from outside invaders
    Shih Huang-ti
  14. This term literally means
    “the enlightened one.”
    Buddha
  15. This Chinese philosopher believed that a state run by a wise ruling class would produce similar characteristics in its people.
    Confucius
  16. This term refers to the belief in one God.
    monotheism
  17. The term identifies a father of a tribe.
    patriarch
  18. Literally meaning “going out,” this term is used to refer to Moses’ leading the Hebrews out of Egyptian captivity.
    exodus
  19. This Roman emperor established the eastern capital of the Empire in Byzantium and renamed the city.
    Constantine
  20. A term used to refer to Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina, this marks the beginning of the Islamic
    religion.
    hegira
  21. This city served as the Muslims’ Spanish capital in the 8th Century.
    Cordoba
  22. To what destination does a Muslim travel in making the Haj?
    Mecca
  23. The “Carolingian Renaissance” concerns the rise of the kingdom of the Franks under what ruler?
    Charlemagne
  24. The Carolingian world was essentially this.
    Rural and Feudal
  25. In contrast to the Carolingian period, the “High Middle Ages” saw the growth of what things?
    Rise of the city, knowledgeable class,population, spiritual rewal.
  26. On the social ladder, which group stood between the rural peasant and the landed royalty?
    Middle Class
  27. Medieval Paris, from about 1150 to 1300, was what? (Think of qualities or assets
    Gothic Architecture, scholasticism, and universities
  28. . “Unparalleled natural calamity, institutional
    decay and cruel violence” describe which century most closely?
    Fourteenth
  29. Around what major devastation does the Decameron, by Boccacio, center
    The Black Plague
  30. This city became the first important center of the early Italian Renaissance
    Florence
  31. Who was the most important Christian humanist in Europe during the 1500’s?
    Erasmus
  32. Which member of the Medici family established and endowed an academy for the study of Plato?
    Cosimo
  33. This is the most famous composer of the fifteenth century, whose accomplishments include introducing a
    familiar folk tune into the music for the Mass.
    Guillaume Dufay
  34. This term identifies an upright stone slab decorated with relief carvings, frequently used as a grave marker.
    stele
  35. This Sumerian king who ruled Uruk about 2700 B. C. E. is also the subject of an epic story that predates the Iliad and the Odyssey
    Gilgamesh
  36. This is the Egyptian architect who designed the earliest pyramid as a tomb for the Pharaoh Zoser
    Imhoptep
  37. This is a type of standing male statue, always shown nude
    kouros
  38. This term identifies a sculptural technique in which figures are carved out of a block of stone, part of which is left to form a background
    relief
  39. This Greek sculptor created Discobolus (Discus Thrower), an idealized portrayal of an athlete.
    Myron
  40. This sculptor’s Aphrodite of Cyrene is considered one of
    the first attempts in Western art to introduce the elements of sensuality into the portrayal of the female form.
    Praxiteles
  41. Which of the following is considered the Romans’ most important contribution to the classical style in architecture?
    The arch
  42. This culture first invented the system of so-called Arabic numerals in the late 3rd century B.C.E.
    Indian
  43. Inspired by Taoism during the T’ang Dynasty,
    this writer became the best known of all Chinese poets.
    Li Po
  44. What Hebrew word is the part of the Bible meaning “the Law”?
    Torah
  45. Derived from the Greek for “image,” this term is often used to identify a painting of a religious figure or a religious scene that is used in the public worship in the Byzantine Christine tradition
    icon
  46. This is Justinian’s most famous building project, legendary for the beauty and opulence of its
    decoration
    Haghia Sophia
  47. Written by Augustine as an analysis of his spiritual and intellectual development from his youth until his
    conversion to Christianity
    Confessions
  48. What is included among the Islam’s Five Pillars?
    To read from theQur’ and in Arabic
  49. This is the Arabic term meaning “beautiful writing.”
    Calligraphy
  50. Charlemagne’s reign saw the standardization of what things or areas?
    • Monasticism, worship, music, and education of
    • the church
  51. Scholasticism during the “High Middle Ages” is often associated with whom?
    Thomas Aquinas
  52. Name the situation which divided European Christianity into hostile camps
    The Great Schism
  53. This Italian artist is noted as one of the creators of modern sculpture
    Pisana
  54. Name the Italian author celebrated for his vernacular poetry, including well over three hundred sonnets
    Petrach
  55. Latin for “keep death before your eyes,” this motif was common in medieval morality plays
    Momento Mori
  56. This author of The Prince was considered the greatest Renaissance political theorist
    Machiavelli
  57. The epic of Gilgamesh provides insights about which ancient culture?
    Mesopotamian
  58. The Book of the Dead provides insights into the beliefs about the afterlife of which ancient culture?
    Egyptian
  59. The discovery of this pharaoh's almost undisturbed tomb in 1922 was filled with remarkable artifacts that revealed the
    opulence of ancient Egyptian culture
    King Tut
  60. This is a Greek term meaning "character," used to describe music's ability to affect human behavior in a specific way.
    ethos
  61. In the Greek's war with Troy, he was the Greek's
    greatest warrior whose argument with Agamemnon is the subject of Homer's Iliad
    Achilles
  62. In this comedy by Aristophanes, the women of Athens refuse to make love with their husbands until peace is negotiated
    Lysistrata
  63. Sophocles' best-known play, which Aristotle used
    as his model in discussing the nature of tragedy
    Oedipus the King
  64. This emperor commissioned Vergil to write the Aeneid to celebrate the legendary
    founding of Rome
    Augustus
  65. This Roman author wrote bitter and stinging
    satires that got him into trouble with Rome
    Juvenal
  66. Often included in Buddhist art, these saints
    invite prayer and meditation
    Boshistattvas
  67. This is the Hindu path or discipline in which
    one does one's duty according to one's caste obligations and not out of greed
    or ambition
    bhakti
  68. Literally meaning "going out," this term is used to refer to Moses' leading the Hebrews out of Egyptian captivity
    exodus
  69. This is an early Christian symbol representing "peace."
    Olive Branch
  70. Under the direction of this emperor, the enormous undertaking of codifying Roman law was accomplished
    Justinian
  71. With which Old Testament character is St. Catherine's Monastery at Mt. Sinai associated?
    Moses
  72. This library and study center, which attracted scholars from throughout the Muslim world, is credited with having preserved the works of Aristotle for later generations.
    House of Wisdom
  73. Hegira identifies…what?
    Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina
  74. What epic poem during the reign of Charlemagne served to raise him to almost mythic status
    The Song of Roland
  75. Monastic guidelines that became the Magna Carta
    of monasticism in the West are known by this name
    Rule of St Benedict
  76. During the 13th Century, he was the most famous
    and influential of the Parisian masters, whose lifetime study concerned the balance between reason and revelation
    Thomas Aquinas
  77. These are ribald tales, such as those found in
    the Decameron
    fabliaux
  78. This is the first great example of the entire Ordinary of the Mass set to polyphonic music by a single composer
    Messe de Notre Dame
  79. Which Biblical story was the assigned subject in
    the competition for the right to decorate the doors of the Florence Baptistery?
    Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac
  80. Which work was placed in the Palazzo del Vecchio
    as a symbol of the civic power of Florence?
    Michaelangelo's David

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