passive periphrastic, ablative absolute, dative of agent/gerundive
a phrase consisting generally of a noun/pronoun and a modifying participle in the ablative case; loosly connected to the rest of the sentence, usually set off by commas, describing the conditions under which the action of the sentence occurs.
ex. Roma visa, viri gaudebunt.
Rome having been seen, the men were rejoicing.
typ. structure - noun fillers participle
a passive verb form consisting of the gerundive (or future passive participle) and a form of sum
the gerundive form agrees with the subject of sum in gender, number and case
eg - haec femina laudanda est - this woman is to be praised
used to convey necessary, obligatory or appropriate action
id faciendum est - this has to be done
id faciendum erat - this had to be done
id faciendum erit - this will have to be done
dative of agent
the dative of agent is used (instead of the ablative of agent) with the passive periphrastic
eg - hic liber mihi legendus erit -
this book will have to be read by me
i ought to/must/should read this book
Carthago, Carthaginis, f.
tale, story; play
fabula, fabulae, f.
imperator, imperatoris, m. (3rd d)
power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control