Lecture 3 – Gospel of John, pt 3, and the Letters of John

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crunchybunnies27
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Lecture 3 – Gospel of John, pt 3, and the Letters of John
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2012-04-29 19:03:41
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Lecture 3 – Gospel of John, pt 3, and the Letters of John Lecture 3 – Gospel of John, pt 3, and the Letters of John
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  1. Identify the nature of the crimes Jesus was accused of, the form of capital punishment he was subjected to, and the meaning of the resurrection in light of these things (sect. 11).
    Jesus’ removal from Caiaphas to Pilate: the charge, King of the Jews – Jesus flogged and mocked. The double crime: Theological (“he claimed to be the Son of God”); political (“Shall I crucify your king?”. Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered (19:15). (18:28-19:16)

    The crucifixion (19:16b-37): Jesus’ final word: “It is finished.” (19:30)

    The Empty Tomb (20:1-9).

    The Resurrection: “There can be no sense that the flesh has been turned back simply into word and spirit. The resurrection matters for John because he is, at his very heart, a theologian of creation. The Word, who was always to be the point at which creator and creation came together in one, is now, in the resurrection, the point at which creator and new creation are likewise one.” N. T. Wright, The Resurrection of the Son of God (Fortress, 2003, p.667)
  2. Interpret from John 12, the goal of Jesus’ becoming a man on earth (sect. 11.1).
    • Mary in Bethany anoints Jesus for his burial (12:1-11)· All of this now leads us to the cross, where Jesus is not simply humiliated, but glorified: “Now my heart is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour. Father, glorify your name!” Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again” (12:27-28). ·
    • “But I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself” (12:32).
    • This gospel core is also a call to our own radical discipleship“
    • The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me” (12:23-26).
  3. Identify the evidence for the apostolic authorship of 1John.
    Who Wrote 1 John? - John the apostle

    While he never identifies himself by name, the theology, vocabulary and style are consistent with the Fourth Gospel and 2 and 3John, where the author is described as “The elder.” (2John 1; 3John 1).

    He claims to be an eyewitness to Jesus: “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched…” (1:1)

    There is no viable alternative to the “Beloved Disciple.”
  4. Identify the occasion of 1 John.
    The audience and occasion for 1 John-

    Christians in Asia MinorSchismatics have left the fellowship (2:19). A sign of the end is the appearance of antichrists (2:18). They deny the coming of Jesus in the flesh (4:2-3). They deny that he is the Messiah (2:22). They are guilty of lawlessness (3:4) They are false prophets (4:1). In the crisis of their departure from the church, John writes his letter to believers to assure them of their faith, and to help them recognize those who have departed from the faith.

    When 1 John, 2 John, and 3 John were written- First Century
  5. Identify-

    John writes his letter or essay in order to build the true church and protect it against those who would subvert its faith. Here “Fellowship” with the triune God and each other is established, explained and defended. John wants his readers to have the assurance of their faith as some denounce them and depart: “I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life.” (5:13)
    the purpose of 1 John
  6. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:

    “We proclaim to you what we have seen and heard, so that you also may have fellowship with us. And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ. We write this to make our joy completed.” (1:3-4)
    the foundation of fellowship
  7. “But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin” (1:7).
    The function of fellowship
  8. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:

    Participants in fellowship, levels of maturity in the family (2:12-14)


    1 John 2:12-14 "I write to you, dear children, because you know the Father. I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God lives in you, and you have overcome the evil one."(v 14)
    participants of fellowship
  9. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:

    Love for the world (2:15-17)
    “If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him” (2:15b).
    Antichrist and his representatives (2:18-19, 22-23)
    “Who is the liar? It is the man who denies that Jesus is the Christ. Such a man is the antichrist…” (2:22)
    enemies of fellowship
  10. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:

    Righteousness: those who live in him do not keep on sinning. (3:1-10)
    “But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is no sin. No one who lives in him keeps on sinning.” (3:5-6)
    “No one who is born of God will continue to sin, because God’s seed remains in him; he cannot go on sinning, because he has been born of God.” (3:9)
    character of fellowship
  11. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:

    confidence before God (3:21-24)
    Answered prayer

    Testimony of the Spirit “Those who obey his commands live in him, and he in them. And this is how we know that he lives in us: we know it by the Spirit he gives us.” (3:24)
    , results of fellowship
  12. Identify statements in 1 John that support the main themes:


    Our confession that Jesus is the Son of God

    “This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God…” (4:2)

    “And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in him and he in God.” (4:14-15)
    witnesses of fellowship
  13. Analyze when a spirit is of GOD in 1 John (1 John 4, and sect. 12.5.7).
    “This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God…” (4:2)

    “And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in him and he in God.” (4:14-15)
  14. State (in one sentence each) the main themes of 2 and 3 John (ss. 13.3, 14.3).
    The main theme of 2nd John is Warning against heresy.


    The main theme of 3rd John is Exhortation to continue showing hospitality toward fellow believers.

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