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2012-04-29 15:26:39

infinitives, indirect statement
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  1. active infinitives
    • pres. -are, -ere, -ere, -ire
    • perf. perfect stem + -isse
    • fut. fut. act. ppl. + esse

    • eg - ago
    • pres - agere ...to lead
    • perf - egisse ....to have led
    • fut - acturus, -a, -um esse ..to be about to, going to lead

    the ppl agrees w/ the subject of esse
  2. passive infinitives
    • pres. -ari, -eri, -i, -iri
    • perf. perf. pass. ppl + esse
    • fut. {supine in -um + iri)

    • eg. ago
    • pres. agiri ....to be led
    • perf. actus, -a, -um esse ...to have been led
    • fut. actum iri .......to be about to be, going to be led

    the ppls agree w/ subject of esse
  3. infinitive uses
    • as a subject - errare est humanum - to err is human
    • as a complement - discedere nunc possunt - they are able to leave now, they can leave now
    • as a direct object - iussit eos venire - he ordered them to come
    • in indirect statement
  4. indirect statement
    reporting someone's remarks indirectly

    involves a verb of saying, knowing, thinking, hearing, perceiving, feeling, seeing and an infinitive w/ an acc. subj

    • Iulia putat se esse bonam discipulam.
    • Julia thinks herself to be a good student. (lit.)
    • Julia thinks that she is a good student.
  5. tongue; language
    lingua, linguae, f.
  6. fierce, savage
    ferox, ferocis (gen.) (3rd d adj in 1)
  7. beast
    ferus, feri, m.
  8. faithful, loyal
    fidelis, fidele + dat. (3rd decl)
  9. twin
    geminus, gemina, geminum
  10. wise, judicious
    sapiens, gen. sapientis (3rd d adj, like potens)
  11. wise man/woman, philosopher
    sapiens, sapientis, mostly masc.
  12. farthest, extreme; last, final
    ultimus, ultima, ultimum
  13. then, next, adv
    dehinc (don't pronounce the 'h')
  14. here, adv.
    hic (long i, pronounced heek)
  15. he says, they say, assert
    ait, aiunt (defective verb) commonly used w/ proverbs and anecdotes
  16. to trust, believe
    • credo, credere, credidi, creditum (3) + acc or dat
    • use acc. w/ neuter things, dat. w/ people/gods
  17. to lie; lie prostrate; lie dead
    iaceo, iacere, iacui (2) (eg hic iacet, here lies)
  18. to deny, say that....is/did not
    nego, negare, negavi, negatum (1)
  19. to not know, be ignorant
    nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum (4)
  20. to announce, report, relate
    nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatum (1)
  21. to make open, open; disclose, expose
    patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactum (3, io)
  22. to reckon, suppose, judge, think, imagine
    puto, putare, putavi, putatum (1)
  23. to hope for, hope (that)
    spero, sperare, speravi, speratum (1)
  24. to undertake
    suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptum (3, io) (sus + capio)
  25. verbs that may introduce indirect statements
    • 1. saying - dico, nego, ait, nuntio, pronuntio, narro, scribo, doceo, ostendo, demonstro, moneo, peto
    • 2. knowing - scio, nescio, intellego, memoria teneo, disco
    • 3. thinking - cerno, cogito, credo, habeo, puto, spero
    • 4. perceiving/feelng - audio, video, sentio, gaudeo